• Difference between NRE and NRO FDs

    Many Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) hold either NRO or NRE accounts, which is a popular term deposit options that allows them to earn a good rate of return and park funds in India. NRE, or Non-Resident External accounts and NRO or Non-Resident Ordinary account, are special account options that are only available to NRIs. They come with a number of benefits including tax exemptions, full repatriability, etc. In this article, we will explore the difference between an NRE and an NRO account.

    What is an NRE account?

    An NRE FD is a type of term deposit account where the NRI makes deposits from overseas and remit the same in an Indian account, where the currency will be converted into rupees. An NRE deposit is basically a term deposit account held to transfer foreign earnings.

    What is an NRO account?

    An NRO account is usually opened by an NRI in order to manage the income that is earned in India. This income can be in the form of rent, pension or other types of dividends. The interest earned from these deposits are taxable.

    Difference between an NRE and an NRO account:

    NRE NRO
    Taxable Taxfree
    Fully repatriable (principal and interest) Restricted repatriability
    Cannot be opened jointly with Indian resident Can be opened jointly with an Indian resident
    Cannot deposit income earned in India Can deposit income earned in India

    Taxation

    NRO fixed deposits attract taxes as per Indian laws. The interests earned from an NRO FD are taxed according to the Income Tax Act, 1961 at around 30%, which is quite high when compared to domestic FD tax rates.

    NRE fixed deposits do not attract taxes on the principal or interests earned from the deposits. Consequently, NRE fixed deposits are completely tax free. This difference makes an NRE FD a better option than its NRO avatar.

    Repatriation

    NRO FDs do not offer repatriation option on the principal investment. Only the interest earned from your NRO FD can be transferred to a foreign account.

    NRE fixed deposits offer the option for full repatriation of funds including both principal and accrued interests to a foreign account. These accounts therefore simplify the process of transferring principal and earned interests from an Indian account to a great deal.

    Joint accounts

    Any two NRIs can opt for either a NRO or an NRE joint account without any complications. However, an NRI can only open an NRO account jointly with an Indian resident citizen.

    NRE fixed deposits cannot be opened jointly with a resident Indian citizen, even if that person is a direct family member.

    Deposit and withdrawal

    Only funds originating in India can be used to open an NRO account, and consequently an NRO fixed deposit. You cannot transfer funds from abroad to start a fixed deposit from your NRO. However, funds from an NRE account can be transferred into an NRO account for the purpose of opening a fixed deposit.

    NRE accounts are opened by remitting foreign currency earned from abroad directly into the fixed deposit account. NRE fixed deposits are restricted from being opened by transferring currency from an NRO account or a resident savings account.

    Withdrawals from both these accounts can be done only in Indian Rupees.

    Interest rates

    The rate of interest in NRO and NRE accounts may vary according to the bank you are applying in. As such, it is imperative that you check the available rates to find the option with the highest returns for you. Typically, an NRE or NRO FD is offered with maturity between 1-20 years.

    Overall, the choice between an NRE and an NRO fixed deposit boils down to your preferences according to the benefits that you can avail out of the two types of accounts. A point to remember here is that NRE accounts are used to park foreign earnings in Indian accounts and in INR, while an NRO account is used to park funds earned from India.

    Should you choose NRE or NRO account?

    Go for an NRE FD is you want to mainly park funds from foreign countries and want the currency to be fully repatriable.

    On the other hand, it is best to go for an NRO deposit if you want to park your Indian earnings.

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    Customer Reviews

    • Axis Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Interest should be increased for FD"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I have opt for fixed deposit for the tax saving purpose because I have chosen five years tenure with AXIS Bank, still its going on. Only once I Invested my money it has the locking period of five years. I have option to check my transactions through mobile app. But I have concern about the interest rate is very lesser for this FD.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Sep 19, 2019
    • SBI
      SBI Fixed Deposit
      "FD process should be simpler"
      0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
      I had fixed deposit with SBI then I withdrawn the amount, I done Rs. 3 lakhs of investment on my daughter name then I taken the liquidity to purchase the land, at the time I struggled a lot to take that money because the process was difficult to withdrawn the money after seven months of tenure.
      Was this review helpful? 7
      , madurai
      Reviewed on Sep 03, 2019
    • Union Bank of India Fixed Deposit
      "Not good"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I had a Fixed Deposit with Union Bank of India and its closed 18 to 19 months due to personal reasons. I am doing investment but my experience is not good with FD account. In my home town, there is no other banks so just decided to go with this bank. The returns are good.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Aug 28, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good to go with HDFC"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have one FD with HDFC, I deposited Rs. 1 lakh, I was opt for 45 days of tenure. Finally I got 6.25% of interest for 45 days. It won't cover the tax, if we need tax benefits we should go for five years term. I can track the details through netbanking, on the maturity date the amount credits automatically in the account. Even the notification can customized.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Aug 27, 2019
    • HSBC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "wrong calculation of interest rates"
      0.5 0.5/5 "Unacceptable"
      HSBC staff wrongly pre closed my fixed deposit .. and calculated the interest rates wrongly and when asked them for clarification never got back .. even after following up with them repeatedly for more than 3 months.. would highly recommend not using their services.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , visakhapatnam
      Reviewed on Aug 24, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I do have a Fixed deposit account with SBI and it was carried out by Mom and even I have account for my daughter. Its still running and they have Google application separately to access online. The returns are good. I am doing monthly investment and it was opened quite a long may be 4 years.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Aug 23, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I just opened a Fixed Deposit with ICICI BANK and have not done any survey on this. I am account holder with them so it was easy to do FD account even they are providing 7% interest rate. The process is very user friendly and never faced any hassle. I could access this account via online.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , new delhi
      Reviewed on Aug 21, 2019
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Good for future"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      In post office rate of interest is higher for the fixed deposit when compared to the bank, I invested Rs. 5000 on monthly basis its comes in a year Rs. 60,000 after 5 years I got Rs. 3.75,000 I got Rs. 75,000 extra. The service is not comfortable if we have any relative who working there it would supportive or else difficult.
      Was this review helpful? 7
      , burdwan
      Reviewed on Aug 09, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good for future saving"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have FD with SBI, I have opt for one year term there is no such limitation for depositing the money. The interest rate is good for the FD, the online banking is convenient to take liquidity. They resolve the queries on time. Its most safe and secured.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , visakhapatnam
      Reviewed on Aug 08, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Average"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have selected state bnak of indis fixed deposit amount 1 lakhs , Tenure 5 years and Rate of interest 8 percentage after renewal fixed deposit 6 percentage is very less .while document directly bank . Customer service is not good and responsive.
      Was this review helpful? 6
      , kochi
      Reviewed on Aug 05, 2019
    • Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent Banking"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I activated FD account with Kotak, I have been maintaining this account since when I opened saving account, I converted Rs. 5000 for one year. They are providing interest around 7.6% per annum, the online netbanking and mobile app is very convenient for deposit to FD.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Aug 03, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have invested my FD with ICICI BANK and also have a 3in1 account with them. The interest rate is pretty good. Recently started before 6months, I can do premature withdrawal and also have selected a locking period of 3 years. The customer service is good and overall am satisfied with this bank.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Aug 01, 2019
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Safe and Secured"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      My Post office branch is located in own campus hence there is no queue. I opened the fixed deposit, I made one time investment for five years its has tax exemption. They are providing 7% of interest for per annum. I believe it has online access as well.
      Was this review helpful? 8
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Aug 01, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Too much good scheme"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      Chosen my fixed deposit from State bank of India. I have invested the money of Rs. 57000 and SBI is a most popular bank all over the India and offering all the facilities compared to bank. Since i have a salary account with them, its easy to transfer the money. They are providing the interest rate of 6.5%.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , kolkata
      Reviewed on Jul 31, 2019
    • Union Bank of India Fixed Deposit
      "Good Investment"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      Union of India fixed deposit is same as other investment. Being an existing customer I have opt for one year of fd, the online banking feature is good to open and closing the account, they was no charges for the liquidity of fund before the maturity.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Jul 29, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good investment plan"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      Chosen my fixed deposit from state bank of India because the given rate of interest is high. They are not deducting any service charges. I have invested the money of Rs. 1 lakhs and there is no lockin period and i have chosen the plan for 1 year and they are giving a interest rate of 6.75%.
      Was this review helpful? 7
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Jul 25, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "GOOD"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I am using the savings account with HDFC BANK since from last 5 years, the reason for taking the fixed deposit was they are giving good rate of interest. The application is easy to use with the bank and to check the status of the account.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jul 20, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good investment for future"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I opened fixed deposit with ICICI it gives tax benefits upto 80 c section, I invest Rs. 50,000 as a one time investment it has the term of five years. The online banking is good to deposit the money to take the liquidity, I have option to track the FD details also netbanking.
      Was this review helpful? 6
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Jul 19, 2019
    • Union Bank of India Fixed Deposit
      "Its Recommendable "
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have fixed deposit with Union Bank of India, I opt for one year fixed deposit , they are providing 8.60% of interest for per annum. I got the profit around Rs. 8000 for the amount invested amount of around Rs. 1.60 lakh, I would recommend this service. They do have option to deposit the amount through online.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jul 18, 2019
    • Citibank Fixed Deposit
      "GOOD"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have withdrawn the money so that there was a quick response also i got the money within few minutes. I used the account for more than 2 years. To open the account it is easy i have done through the online. The rate of interest was 6% per annum.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jul 18, 2019
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