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  • Fixed Deposit BYTES FROM OUR KITCHEN

    Why do FD rate cuts fluctuate

    Fixed deposits (FD) are ideal for investors with a low risk appetite looking for assured returns. Fixed deposits allow investors to deposit their money for a specific period of time for a rate of interest which is typically higher than what is offered for a savings bank account.

    Fixed deposit rate cuts

    According to experts, under certain macroeconomic conditions such as high inflation, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) adopts a tight monetary policy to regulate the credit available in the country. The RBI typically hikes the repo rates under such conditions (Repo rates are rates at which the central bank lends to several banks across the country). Consequently, banks raise their fixed deposit rates. Cash Reserve Ratio (portion of bank deposits that commercial banks have to deposit with RBI) rate cut brings in more liquidity into the system. The CRR cut has a long term impact on the interest rates on deposits. While repo rate and CRR cut largely affects the home loans segment, fixed deposit rates also plummet. Several banks cut interest rates on fixed deposits in select maturity baskets.

    There are several factors which influence banks to either decrease or increase fixed deposit rates such as the following:

    • Deposit rates are linked to the rate of inflation. Banks should give positive returns to depositors. Investors should, therefore, monitor the rate of inflation, which affects the lending rates. In many cases, despite depositors getting negative returns owing to high inflation, banks do not raise deposit rates, since that would affect their bottom line.
    • Prevailing liquidity scenario in the country. If there is adequate liquidity, banks do not have to focus on retail fixed deposits for their needs as opposed to times of tight liquidity when banks have to turn to their own deposits.
    • Demand and supply conditions. If there is less demand for credit, banks, more often than not, decrease fixed deposit rates. On the contrary, if there is high demand for credit, banks increase fixed deposit rates.
    • Banks typically cut rates in anticipation of a lending rate cut.
    • Falling call rates also signal the amount of liquidity available in the market (banks borrow from the call market for their short-term needs.) If the call market is lending at a lower rate, it in turn, affects interest rates on retail deposits.
    • Banks usually cut interest rates when their fund costs plummet. If the rate of fixed deposits is high, a revision of base rates (basis for retail loans) is less likely unless the high-cost deposit rates are cut.
    • Banks decrease fixed deposit rates in the near-term during times of muted credit demand affecting loan yields, which in turn, mars their net interest margin (NIM).
    Points to remember

    Smart investors can lock in current interest rates by choosing three and five year fixed deposits prior to banks lowering fixed deposit rates. Individuals in the tax brackets of up to 10.3 and 20.6% can opt for such schemes. Secondly, experts suggest that instead of opting for just one fixed deposit of Rs. 5 lakh, investors should ideally opt for five fixed deposits of Rs. 1 lakh each to make partial withdrawal, during a financial crunch. Investors can also choose five year tax saver fixed deposit schemes, which typically offers around 8.75% to 9% rate of interest.

    Overview

    Fixed deposits (FD) are ideal for investors with a low risk appetite looking for assured returns. Fixed deposits allow investors to deposit their money for a specific period of time for a rate of interest which is typically higher than what is offered for a savings bank account.

    Fixed deposit rate cuts

    According to experts, under certain macroeconomic conditions such as high inflation, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) adopts a tight monetary policy to regulate the credit available in the country. The RBI typically hikes the repo rates under such conditions (Repo rates are rates at which the central bank lends to several banks across the country). Consequently, banks raise their fixed deposit rates. Cash Reserve Ratio (portion of bank deposits that commercial banks have to deposit with RBI) rate cut brings in more liquidity into the system. The CRR cut has a long term impact on the interest rates on deposits. While repo rate and CRR cut largely affects the home loans segment, fixed deposit rates also plummet. Several banks cut interest rates on fixed deposits in select maturity baskets.

    There are several factors which influence banks to either decrease or increase fixed deposit rates such as the following:

    • Deposit rates are linked to the rate of inflation. Banks should give positive returns to depositors. Investors should, therefore, monitor the rate of inflation, which affects the lending rates. In many cases, despite depositors getting negative returns owing to high inflation, banks do not raise deposit rates, since that would affect their bottom line.
    • Prevailing liquidity scenario in the country. If there is adequate liquidity, banks do not have to focus on retail fixed deposits for their needs as opposed to times of tight liquidity when banks have to turn to their own deposits.
    • Demand and supply conditions. If there is less demand for credit, banks, more often than not, decrease fixed deposit rates. On the contrary, if there is high demand for credit, banks increase fixed deposit rates.
    • Banks typically cut rates in anticipation of a lending rate cut.
    • Falling call rates also signal the amount of liquidity available in the market (banks borrow from the call market for their short-term needs.) If the call market is lending at a lower rate, it in turn, affects interest rates on retail deposits.
    • Banks usually cut interest rates when their fund costs plummet. If the rate of fixed deposits is high, a revision of base rates (basis for retail loans) is less likely unless the high-cost deposit rates are cut.
    • Banks decrease fixed deposit rates in the near-term during times of muted credit demand affecting loan yields, which in turn, mars their net interest margin (NIM).
    Points to remember

    Smart investors can lock in current interest rates by choosing three and five year fixed deposits prior to banks lowering fixed deposit rates. Individuals in the tax brackets of up to 10.3 and 20.6% can opt for such schemes. Secondly, experts suggest that instead of opting for just one fixed deposit of Rs. 5 lakh, investors should ideally opt for five fixed deposits of Rs. 1 lakh each to make partial withdrawal, during a financial crunch. Investors can also choose five year tax saver fixed deposit schemes, which typically offers around 8.75% to 9% rate of interest.

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    Customer Reviews

    • Karur Vysya Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Service is good"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      Rate of interest is little bit high compared to other bank hence i have chosen the Karur Vysya bank for my fixed deposit. I have invested the amount of Rs. 5 lakhs. They have given me a monthly interest rate of Rs. 4400. I have got a proper response from the bank. On the maturity date, i have submit the bond and get the cash.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Jun 16, 2019
    • Indian Bank
      Indian Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Service is good"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have chosen the Indian bank because of its a Government undertaken bank. I have invested the amount of Rs. 5 lakhs. They have given me a interest rate of 4100 monthly basis. They won't charge for anything extra. I visited their branch and put the money and the employee response. I'm happy about the returns because i got the interest on monthly basis.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Jun 16, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Safe and secured"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      Being a middle class person definitely I think to invest my money that's the reason I chosen SBI fixed deposit because its safe and secured. I can deposit for long term, the online feature is great and I can open and close the FD account through netbanking.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , kolkata
      Reviewed on Jun 13, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I did a Fixed deposit in ICICI BANK for my kids because I got my salary account and also have opened separate account for my kids and wife on the same bank so its easy to do the payment and linked together. The interest rate is 6.75% moreover the options are very flexible, the locking period is like 1month , 3 months, one year,etc and even the online services are enabled. Whenever I have good amount on the account so go for FD on the selected month, the interest amount will be credited into account.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jun 11, 2019
    • Oriental Bank of Commerce Fixed Deposit
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have Oriental bank Of Commerce Fixed deposit account ,I have not faced any difficulties so far on using this account .Customer service is also good so far .Each and every transaction will be safe and secure .There was no drawbacks faced so far .I am very much comfortable and easy going and completely satisfied with the service.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jun 06, 2019
    • Axis Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have a Fixed deposit account with Axis Bank. I have not faced any difficulties so far on using this account. The customer service is also good so far. Each and every transaction will be safe and secure .There was no drawbacks faced so far. I am very much comfortable in using this account.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jun 06, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I done a Fixed Deposit account with HDFC BANK before 2 years and the rate of interest was good. I have withdrawn the money and its neither loss or nor profit. My money is safer and return is very low. There was no locking period and the executive is supportive.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on May 30, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Its Good"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I had fixed deposit in HDFC for the amount of Rs.10,000 then I withdrawn in two months I got some interest. I went to the bank for account opening within few minutes they helped to open the account. There is no charges for pre matured liquidity fund.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on May 25, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Returns from HDFC"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      As per the guidance , I taken a Fixed Deposit in HDFC . This is one year plan and worth enough to take this plan in HDFC comparing with the interest rate . I am really happy with the better returns for my FD . I thought of continuing after one year also .
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on May 13, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I am using HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit for the past 6 years ,using net banking is also good ,customer service is good .flexy deposit ,whenever required can take the amount and can deposit it later .There was no issues faced so far .The Banking service is good to me so far.I am satisifed with the banking service.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , chennai
      Reviewed on May 13, 2019
    • Oriental Bank of Commerce Fixed Deposit
      "Trusted investment for the future"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have fixed deposit with Oriental Bank of commerce, they give interest rate around 7.5%when I was invested but I am not sure about current one. However there is no charges applicable for the fd maintenance, They have nice online banking to open or close the account and its a trusted one.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on May 13, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Have to be more quick in their procedure"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I have Fixed Deposit with ICICI also which was matured earlier even it was a tax free accounts they are charging some amount. Before the financial year completion, i need to submit the document to income department to get my fund but the procedure is too long and I did not get the money. I had done investment of 1L and 0.50L which am unhappy. I would suggest them to provide the bills on time after this experience have stopped investing with them.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on May 12, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Very much convenient"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      My all time favorite is Fixed Deposit which is secured and I can count the returns on evey month which am most comfortable. My family all have them are having in HDFC account, the manager is very friendly and rendering the service. Am doing investment since 2011 and their services are more good than the profit.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on May 12, 2019
    • Axis Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Convenient fixed deposit"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      My fixed deposit was opened with Axis bank, I invested around Rs. 1 lakh for one year. If I want I can also extend the tenure. I believe the rate of interest is more than 7% for per annum. I can also track the fixed deposit through online banking its more simple.
      Was this review helpful? 5
      , thane
      Reviewed on May 04, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Userfriendly FD experience"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I do have fixed deposit with HDFC, I opened it through online there is no locking period, while opening I have specified the maturity date. Minimum deposit start from Rs. 5000, they are providing 7.3% per annum. Its safe and secured to invest money with HDFC.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on May 03, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I am having fixed deposit with State Bank Of India ,interest is good .The banking service is good so far .I have not faced any issues so far .Money will be safe on this account .Whenever need money can take and can deposit as well .The banking service is good and satisfied so far .Will get frequent update as well. I am satisfied with the overall service.
      Was this review helpful? 12
      , faridabad
      Reviewed on Apr 30, 2019
    • Canara Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good nservice"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I am having fixed deposit with Canara Bank ,interest is good .The banking service is good so far .I have not faced any issues so far .Money will be safe on this account .Whenever need money can take and can deposit as well .The banking service is good and satisfied so far .Will get frequent update as well.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , faridabad
      Reviewed on Apr 30, 2019
    • Punjab National Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      Iam having fixed deposit with Punjab national bank ,interest is good .The banking service is good so far .I have not faced any issues so far .Money will be safe on this account .Whenever need money can take and can deposit as well .The banking service is good and satisfied so far .Will get frequent update as well.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , faridabad
      Reviewed on Apr 30, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Can do better"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      SBI gives only 6.7% of interest for the fixed deposit, there is some charges applicable for the per matured liquidity amount. They take 1% from the paid amount, its not flexible as HDFC. The customer dealing is also average to resolve the queries.
      Was this review helpful? 6
      , delhi
      Reviewed on Apr 29, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Flexible Fixed deposit"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      HDFC Is more convenient to open and close the FD through online, they give better interest as per the RBI around 6.8%. The online portal is easy to track the fixed deposit details, the help desk is good to handle the queries. I am very much happy with HDFC. I can take the tenure from three months to max tenure.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , delhi
      Reviewed on Apr 29, 2019
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