A fixed deposit is an investment option provided by banks or non-banking financial companies to deposit money and earn a certain rate of interest. The advantage of depositing money in a fixed deposit account is that it will give you a higher rate of return than a normal savings account. The maturity term for an FD account ranges from 7 days to 10 years. A short term fixed deposit has a maturity term from 7 days to a maximum of 12 months. Fixed deposit interest rates vary from bank to bank and this will fluctuate and may be also revised.
Given below are the interest rates offered on short-term deposits by top banks:
|Bank||Regular FD Rate (per annum)||Senior Citizen FD Rate (per annum)|
|SBI||5.75% to 6.40%||6.25% to 6.90%|
|Axis Bank||3.50% to 6.50%||5.50% to 6.90%|
|ICICI||4.00% to 6.50%||4.50% to 7.00%|
|Citibank||3.00% to 5.00%||3.50% to 5.50%|
*The tenure taken is less than 365 days and the deposit value is less than Rs.1 crore
To open this type fixed deposit account, the requirements vary bank to bank. Most banks ask you to open a savings account along with the short term fixed deposit account. This removes the hassle of collecting the interest amount in person and it can be directly transferred to your savings account. Also the account holder should be a resident Indian although some banks offer Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) the option to open a short term fixed deposit account as well. To open fixed deposit account you would need an identity proof, passport size photos and proof of address.
Investing and saving money is something everyone wants and needs. Even though, most of the time, saving money and investments are on a long-term basis. Mutual funds, fixed deposits are beneficial on a long-term basis and helps in accumulation of a large amount of money with the help of good interest rates.
However, it is also highly beneficial to invest money on a short-term basis. While long-term investments can range from 1 year to 3 years or 5 years or 10 years, short-term investments range between 1 week to up to a year.
One of the most common modes of short-term or long-term investments are recurring deposits.
The duration of recurring deposit ranges from a minimum of 3 months and can go up to 10 years as well. There are no premature withdrawals allowed. The only way you can withdraw the money is during maturity or due to premature closing.
The rate of interest for a recurring deposit is currently ranging between 4.5% per annum to 7.9% per annum.
Short Term Bank Fixed Deposit:
A short-term bank fixed deposit is another method of investing money for a shorter period of time. The tenure for this type of fixed deposit can range between 7 days and up to 1 year.
The interest rate ranges between 3.5% per annum to 6.75% per annum which is taxable. There is no maximum limit for the fixed deposit, however the minimum amount is Rs.100.
Post Office Time Deposit:
Under this type of short-term investment, the tenure ranges between 1 to 5 years. This type of deposit is under the tax exemption scheme under Section 80C.
The rate of interest is high and ranges between 6.9% per annum to 7.8% per annum. The minimum amount required to open the account is Rs.200.
Sweep-in Fixed Deposit:
This is an alternative for a savings account where any kind of excess amount which is more than the stipulated limit can be shifted to a sweep-in fixed deposit account. This account is known by different names depending on the bank.
The rate of interest is the same as fixed deposits of the bank which is around 6.5% per annum and the tenure is mostly 12 months. The interest earned annually will be taxed if it is above Rs.10,000.
There are other methods or options for short-term investments such as debt funds or debt mutual funds. The tenure is less than 12 months and the rate of interest is around 7% per annum.
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