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  • Fixed Deposit BYTES FROM OUR KITCHEN

    Renewals and Withdrawals of Fixed Deposits

    Fixed Deposits (FD), are a popular investment choice among Indians and is always subject to renewal and withdrawal. This applies to  all types of term deposits including those in banks and those in Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFC). Let’s say you open an FD account for Rs.3 lakh for 10 years at the rate of 10%. After the completion of 10 years, the term deposit will have to be renewed if you want to continue to hold to it. Otherwise, it has to be withdrawn. In case you forget to renew it, it will be auto renewed for the same tenure if you have given maturity instructions. Renewal happens at the present interest rate that is offered on the term deposit.

    It is very important to keep track of your term deposits, because if you completely forget to renew it, the maturity amount will be difficult to claim later or it may be paid to the nominee. Auto-renewal may prove disadvantageous if the bank has reduced its interest rates. On the other hand, premature withdrawal may be subject to penalty charges.

    Some important terms on renewal and withdrawal of FDs
    Withdrawal A term deposit holder can withdraw the principal invested along with the interest earned when the FD reaches maturity
    Renewal An FD holder can renew a deposit when it reaches maturity for the same tenure  if she/she wants to do so.
    Auto-withdrawal Auto-withdrawal happens when the bank or NBFC automatically credits the maturity amount (principal + interest) to the customer’s savings bank account upon completion of the deposit tenure.
    Auto-renewal If an FD holder has given instructions to the bank, the deposit will be automatically renewed for the same duration at the current rate of interest.
    Premature withdrawal When a deposit is broken before the maturity period it is referred to as premature withdrawal. Some banks may charge a penalty for this.

    Renewal of FDs

    • On maturity, an FD can be directed toward renewal or withdrawal.
    • The renewal clause is available as an auto-renewal feature, wherein the bank or financial institution will automatically renew your deposit for the same period of time and at the same interest rate on maturity.
    • This is a good option if you have invested funds without any foreseen need for them.

    Withdrawal of FDs

    • The auto-termination option shuts down the FD on maturity and transfers the funds to a preselected savings account.
    • Once again, the auto-termination option might result in lower interest rates on your reinvestment owing to market changes during the tenure of the original FD.
    • It is important to take an informed decision while renewing your FD so as to get the highest benefits.
    • Withdrawal can be done even before the FD matures, however, this may attract some penalty charges

    How to close an FD prematurely online: Step-by-step process

    Step 1: Log on to your bank website using all login credentials. Please note that you need to have an active internet banking account to close an FD online

    Step 2: Once logged in, go to the home page and click on ‘Close FD account prematurely’

    Step 3: A list of all the FDs that you have will be displayed, click on the one you wish to close

    Step 4: Verify details and provide password credentials to authenticate the transaction. The funds will be credited to the account that is linked to the term deposit

    What happens when you forget to renew an FD?

    ‘Buy and Forget’ mentality, you might sometimes lose out on better deals which you could have found even on a cursory look at available options.

    Let’s say you invested Rs.5 lacs in a 5 year FD with interest rate of 0%. At the end of 5 years, the fixed deposit rates have fallen to 8%, a significant decrease over the said period. In case you had opted for auto-renewal, you would have been automatically enrolled in the same FD for another 5 years and at the same rate of 10% regardless of market rates. If you had opted for withdrawal, a new FD will offer you 8% rate of interest on the deposit.

    Suppose you have bought an FD of Rs.5 lacs for a tenure of 5 years and forgot about the maturity date. At the 6th year when you do realize that you had invested in an FD, you go back to the bank and ask for withdrawal of funds. The bank obliges, but you end up losing interest for the excess 1 year of deposit because it will be considered preclosure of the account. If you had opted for auto-withdrawal, you would have received the amount in a bank account and taken decisions to grow it or let it idly earn savings interest.

    FAQs on FD withdrawal and renewal

    1. What is maturity instruction?

    When you are purchasing an FD, all banks and NBFCs ask for what is known as a maturity instruction. Instructions can be given for auto-renewal of the term deposit.

    2. Can an FD be renewed online?

    Yes. If the deposit account has been opened online, it can also be renewed online through net banking or mobile banking.

    3. Do all banks charge a fee/fine/penalty for premature withdrawal?

    This varies from bank to bank. While some banks or NCFCs may levy a certain fee, others may not.

    4. Can I withdraw a tax saver deposit before the completion of the said tenure?

    No. All Tax saver FDs come with a lock-in period of 5 years, before which no withdrawal can be made at any cost.

    5. How to ‘break’ an FD?

    In case of any kind of financial emergency, you can close the term deposit before the agreed duration and get the funds credited to your bank account.

    Customer Reviews

    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good FD account"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have invested the fixed deposit with State bank of India. Since the branch is nearest by my home and they have given me a locker facility hence i have chosen the fixed deposit with SBI. Overall, I'm very much satisfied with the services with SBI.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jan 18, 2019
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Fraud by Yes Bank"
      0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
      Yes Bank has not credited Interest for my Fixed Deposit. On enquiring they gave me a story that the interest amount has been adjusted towards TDS. They have not provided credit entry for the interest and the debit entry for the TDS respectively.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , bhopal
      Reviewed on Jan 11, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Smart Investment"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In ICICI fixed deposit interest rate is around 6.75% per annum, I opened the FD through online. I have invested Rs. 1 lakh they wont take any charges for the pre matured fixed interest. I believe the interest rate is good compared to the government bank.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , yamuna nagar
      Reviewed on Jan 10, 2019
    • Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Average service"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I am having a Fixed Deposit account with Kotak Mahindra bank, they provide good services when compared to other banks. I get good interest rate in returns after the maturity period which is after 3 years. Customer support is average with Kotak Mahindra bank.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Jan 10, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Hassle free"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I also have a fixed deposit account with HDFC Bank. The process to open this account is easy. I can do it online. They also offer a good rate of interest on the account. The bank has always been up to the mark to ban with. It is very convenient and easy.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , noida
      Reviewed on Jan 09, 2019
    • IOB Fixed Deposit
      "Better Banking Experience"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have invested a fixed deposit with Indian Overseas Bank. My wife has recommended me about this bank since she is working over there. I invested the money of Rs. 50000. I don't remember about the tenure period. Before 1 years, i have invested the money with them.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , tiruchirapalli
      Reviewed on Jan 09, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Deposit"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have invested a fixed deposit with ICICI. There is no reason for selected this bank. They have offered me a interest rate of 6.5% and there is no processing fee. I have invested the money 8 months before. This is a one year plan. I'm happy about the services provided by the ICICI for this account
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , thane
      Reviewed on Jan 04, 2019
    • Corporation Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Average"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I had account with Corporation Bank and its very old one. I put fixed deposit before 3 to 4 years. The interest rate was around 7% which was minimum compared to others but am satisfied. I have deposited for 5 years. Actually have not taken any benefits, just have invested. The customer service was okay.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , pune
      Reviewed on Jan 04, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I do have a fixed deposit account with HDFC Bank. They are giving good interest. I can manage this account on line. I have chosen HDFC because of bank financial is good. I have just started long time, The process was very quick and it was done through on line.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , thane
      Reviewed on Jan 02, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Best Investment plan"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have taken fixed deposit account in State Bank Of India . They are not charging any charges for the account . I used to get income tax benefits . Am satisfied with the customer service and response.They are giving good rate of interest . Overall am happy with my account .
      Was this review helpful? 5
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Dec 29, 2018
    • review Fixed Deposit
      "Good online features on FD"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In Saraswat bank they are providing the interest around 7% per annum, the minimum amount Rs. 5000 to max, still my FD is running with this bank. The online options are excellent without visiting I can track the interest and deposit amount through online.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , pune
      Reviewed on Dec 17, 2018
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Convenient FD with HDFC"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In HDFC I can deposit for minimum of Rs. 5000 to max amount. I done the investment of one time payment around Rs.6 lakhs. I can chose the tenure period based on the convenient, it gives the interest of 7% its maximum. I can open and close the account through online.
      Was this review helpful? 6
      , pune
      Reviewed on Dec 17, 2018
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Very Good Service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I had made this investment pretty long time back and the services which they had provided so far has been good. The interest rate with them has been good and the growth with the investment has also been good. Their customer support has been helpful in guiding with everything.
      Was this review helpful? 9
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      It has been a good service which they had been providing so far and i had started this investment a log time back. Their customer support has been helpful in guiding me in the investment plans and explaining with the growth of the investment. The interest rate with them has also been good.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • Citibank Fixed Deposit
      "Not satisfied with the service"
      0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
      I had started this investment a pretty long time back and they had been providing a good service. Their customer support has not been responsive and i do not suggest any one to make an investment through them. There has not been a good growth with the investment.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good Investment Plan"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have taken fixed deposit account in STATE BANK OF INDIA . They are not charging any charges for the account . I used to get income tax benefits . Am satisfied with the customer service and response.They are giving good rate of interest . Overall am happy with my account .
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Dec 12, 2018
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Good investment plan"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have started investing in the fixed deposit almost more than 5 years. I have invested a variable amount in different times. They have offered me a interest rate of 7.5%. The response was good. I have chosen the post office because of the safe and security.
      Was this review helpful? 14
      , guwahati
      Reviewed on Dec 12, 2018
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have the fixed deposit account with the Yes bank and the interest rate they have given me is good, also the customer service is good too they have co-ordinated with me well they time to time update me about there date of pay my next fixed deposit date.On line banking services are fine one too and am really happy with them.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Dec 11, 2018
    • Axis Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Average bank to avail fixed deposit"
      0.5 4.5/5 "Excellent!"
      I have chosen the Axis bank for my fixed deposit. I have deposited around of Rs. 50000. Since they are providing very good services in their branch. They have offered me a interest rate of 6.5%. I put the money in 2015. I have visited their branch many times and the service is very much prompt. I had no issues with them.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Dec 11, 2018
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Satisfactory"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      My fixed deposit is with ICICI Bank. I had to go to the bank and meet the executive and open the account. I can close the account online. There is a lock in period for 12 to 13 months. The interest I earn is satisfactory. I have a deposit of 70K. Overall good.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , new delhi
      Reviewed on Dec 07, 2018
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