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  • Fixed Deposit BYTES FROM OUR KITCHEN

    Personal Loan against Fixed Deposit

    What would you if you are in need of quick cash but wary of rising bank lending rates? The typical knee jerk reaction would be to liquidate your assets to meet your immediate financial requirements. Think again. Experts suggest you would be better off take a loan against your fixed deposits instead of liquidating your high interest FD.

    Liquidating FD vs taking a loan against FD

    Most lenders will charge premature withdrawal penalties in case of liquidation of a fixed deposit. The penalty charged is usually 0.5 to 1% for the period the deposit is with the bank. In most cases, banks do not charge processing fees for personal loans taken against fixed deposits.

    Standalone personal loan vs personal loan against FD

    Personal loans have higher interest rates since they are unsecured as compared to personal loans taken against fixed deposits, which typically have lower interest rates, since they have the underlying deposit as the collateral. Getting a personal loan against a fixed deposit can be a good move in terms of your financial planning for the following reasons

    • Provides funds during a liquidity crunch for the short-term.
    • Cheaper than personal loan or credit card loan in that your fixed deposit continues to earn interest, while the loan only costs 100-200 bps or just 1-2% above your FD rate. (Government-owned banks usually charge 100-150 bps above the deposit rate while private banks charge 200 bps above the deposit rate)
    • Customers can avail of overdraft facility (withdraw more than the deposit) in many cases. All banks do not offer both loan and overdraft facilities. For instance, while ICICI Bank offers both facilities, ING Vysya Bank offers only the overdraft facility.
    • Many banks usually do not charge any processing charge since there is no risk involved.
    • In most cases, there are no prepayment penalties.
    Terms and conditions
    • Amount
    • Most banks usually offer 90 per cent of the value of your fixed deposit as the loan amount. For example, if you have a fixed deposit of Rs. 1 lakh with a bank for a tenure of two years, the bank would offer 90% of the amount as loan. The bank would lend you more money factoring in the interest accrued on your fixed deposit for two years. The loan can, therefore, be taken for any duration except that it should not exceed the tenure of the deposit.

    • Interest Rate
    • Most banks offer personal loans at an interest rate ranging from 16% to 24%. However, if you take a personal loan taken against a fixed deposit, you typically pay just 1% more than the rate of interest payable on the fixed deposit. For instance, if a bank charges 8% interest on a fixed deposit, the rate of interest payable on the personal loan raised against it would be 9%.

    • Documentation
    • A personal loan against fixed deposit involves simple documentation. You have to produce the following documents as notified by the bank

      • Demand promissory note
      • Deposit receipt
      • Loan documents
      • Pledge/lien letter
      • Overdraft agreement
      • Signed receipt
      • Application form
    • Charges
    • Most banks usually do not charge prepayment penalties for personal loans against fixed deposits. However, some banks do charge a small processing fee. Nevertheless, preferred customers, in some cases, may get half of their fees waived if their bank chooses to do so.

    • Repayment
    • Banks may offer a flexible repayment plan, wherein loan can be paid either in instalments or in a lump sum. Customers can also choose to repay a fixed amount every month. In some cases, banks ask customers to pay interest on a monthly basis. In many cases, customers can settle the loan at the time of the maturity of the fixed deposit.

      The borrowed amount plus interest should not exceed your deposit, failing which, you will have to repay the amount. Similarly, the tenure of the personal loan should not exceed the residual tenure of your fixed deposit.

      Customers who have a long standing relationship with their bank can avail of the overdraft facility which provides more liquidity for the short term. The customer pays interest only for the time he or she availed money from the bank.

      In case of a default, the bank may choose to foreclose the fixed deposit to recover the loan amount.

    Banks offering personal loans against fixed deposits
    • HDFC Bank
    • ICICI Bank
    • ING Vyasa Bank
    • Axis Bank
    • Citibank
    Points to Remember
    • Money should be free from lien or encumbrance
    • Deposit should not be in a minor's name.
    • If the deposit is under the joint name of both husband and wife, all holders of the deposit are liable to repay the loan.
    Financial Prudence

    Although taking a personal loan against your fixed deposit is easier compared to a standalone personal loan, tread with caution and don’t go overboard. If you don’t repay your loan on time, you will lose your fixed deposit (banks may foreclose the fixed deposit to recover the loan amount). Consequently, your CIBIL score will take a beating.

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    Customer Reviews

    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Interest rates are good compared to others"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      No reason for choosing my fixed deposit account with state bank of India. They are providing a interest rate of 6.75%. I have invested the amount of Rs. 50000. There is a lockin period of 2 years. I can deposit for a long time as well. There is processing fee for my FD account.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , kolkata
      Reviewed on Jun 24, 2019
    • Standard Chartered Bank
      Standard Chartered Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Recommendable Product"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      For the fixed deposit, Standard Chartered is providing flexible duration based on that interest may get vary. I would say its very attractive than other banks. Minimum we can invest from Rs. 10,000, the online transaction is very convenient as well.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , noida
      Reviewed on Jun 24, 2019
    • Standard Chartered Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Recommendable Product"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      For the fixed deposit, Standard Chartered is providing flexible duration based on that interest may get vary. I would say its very attractive than other banks. Minimum we can invest from Rs. 10,000, the online transaction is very convenient as well.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , noida
      Reviewed on Jun 24, 2019
    • Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Good Experience"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I activated fixed deposit through Kotak Mahindra online banking, minimum we can invest from Rs. 10,000 for the duration of one year. The interest rate is good than other bank, there is no charges for per mature liquidity. The closure procedure is very easily I can also deactivate the FD service through online.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , chandigarh
      Reviewed on Jun 21, 2019
    • Karur Vysya Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Service is good"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      Rate of interest is little bit high compared to other bank hence i have chosen the Karur Vysya bank for my fixed deposit. I have invested the amount of Rs. 5 lakhs. They have given me a monthly interest rate of Rs. 4400. I have got a proper response from the bank. On the maturity date, i have submit the bond and get the cash.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Jun 16, 2019
    • Indian Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Service is good"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have chosen the Indian bank because of its a Government undertaken bank. I have invested the amount of Rs. 5 lakhs. They have given me a interest rate of 4100 monthly basis. They won't charge for anything extra. I visited their branch and put the money and the employee response. I'm happy about the returns because i got the interest on monthly basis.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Jun 16, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Safe and secured"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      Being a middle class person definitely I think to invest my money that's the reason I chosen SBI fixed deposit because its safe and secured. I can deposit for long term, the online feature is great and I can open and close the FD account through netbanking.
      Was this review helpful? 5
      , kolkata
      Reviewed on Jun 13, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I did a Fixed deposit in ICICI BANK for my kids because I got my salary account and also have opened separate account for my kids and wife on the same bank so its easy to do the payment and linked together. The interest rate is 6.75% moreover the options are very flexible, the locking period is like 1month , 3 months, one year,etc and even the online services are enabled. Whenever I have good amount on the account so go for FD on the selected month, the interest amount will be credited into account.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jun 11, 2019
    • Oriental Bank of Commerce Fixed Deposit
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have Oriental bank Of Commerce Fixed deposit account ,I have not faced any difficulties so far on using this account .Customer service is also good so far .Each and every transaction will be safe and secure .There was no drawbacks faced so far .I am very much comfortable and easy going and completely satisfied with the service.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jun 06, 2019
    • Axis Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have a Fixed deposit account with Axis Bank. I have not faced any difficulties so far on using this account. The customer service is also good so far. Each and every transaction will be safe and secure .There was no drawbacks faced so far. I am very much comfortable in using this account.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jun 06, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I done a Fixed Deposit account with HDFC BANK before 2 years and the rate of interest was good. I have withdrawn the money and its neither loss or nor profit. My money is safer and return is very low. There was no locking period and the executive is supportive.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on May 30, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Its Good"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I had fixed deposit in HDFC for the amount of Rs.10,000 then I withdrawn in two months I got some interest. I went to the bank for account opening within few minutes they helped to open the account. There is no charges for pre matured liquidity fund.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on May 25, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Returns from HDFC"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      As per the guidance , I taken a Fixed Deposit in HDFC . This is one year plan and worth enough to take this plan in HDFC comparing with the interest rate . I am really happy with the better returns for my FD . I thought of continuing after one year also .
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on May 13, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I am using HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit for the past 6 years ,using net banking is also good ,customer service is good .flexy deposit ,whenever required can take the amount and can deposit it later .There was no issues faced so far .The Banking service is good to me so far.I am satisifed with the banking service.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , chennai
      Reviewed on May 13, 2019
    • Oriental Bank of Commerce Fixed Deposit
      "Trusted investment for the future"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have fixed deposit with Oriental Bank of commerce, they give interest rate around 7.5%when I was invested but I am not sure about current one. However there is no charges applicable for the fd maintenance, They have nice online banking to open or close the account and its a trusted one.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on May 13, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Have to be more quick in their procedure"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I have Fixed Deposit with ICICI also which was matured earlier even it was a tax free accounts they are charging some amount. Before the financial year completion, i need to submit the document to income department to get my fund but the procedure is too long and I did not get the money. I had done investment of 1L and 0.50L which am unhappy. I would suggest them to provide the bills on time after this experience have stopped investing with them.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on May 12, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Very much convenient"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      My all time favorite is Fixed Deposit which is secured and I can count the returns on evey month which am most comfortable. My family all have them are having in HDFC account, the manager is very friendly and rendering the service. Am doing investment since 2011 and their services are more good than the profit.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on May 12, 2019
    • Axis Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Convenient fixed deposit"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      My fixed deposit was opened with Axis bank, I invested around Rs. 1 lakh for one year. If I want I can also extend the tenure. I believe the rate of interest is more than 7% for per annum. I can also track the fixed deposit through online banking its more simple.
      Was this review helpful? 6
      , thane
      Reviewed on May 04, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Userfriendly FD experience"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I do have fixed deposit with HDFC, I opened it through online there is no locking period, while opening I have specified the maturity date. Minimum deposit start from Rs. 5000, they are providing 7.3% per annum. Its safe and secured to invest money with HDFC.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on May 03, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I am having fixed deposit with State Bank Of India ,interest is good .The banking service is good so far .I have not faced any issues so far .Money will be safe on this account .Whenever need money can take and can deposit as well .The banking service is good and satisfied so far .Will get frequent update as well. I am satisfied with the overall service.
      Was this review helpful? 13
      , faridabad
      Reviewed on Apr 30, 2019
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