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  • Fixed Deposit BYTES FROM OUR KITCHEN

    Personal Loan against Fixed Deposit

    What would you if you are in need of quick cash but wary of rising bank lending rates? The typical knee jerk reaction would be to liquidate your assets to meet your immediate financial requirements. Think again. Experts suggest you would be better off take a loan against your fixed deposits instead of liquidating your high interest FD.

    Liquidating FD vs taking a loan against FD

    Most lenders will charge premature withdrawal penalties in case of liquidation of a fixed deposit. The penalty charged is usually 0.5 to 1% for the period the deposit is with the bank. In most cases, banks do not charge processing fees for personal loans taken against fixed deposits.

    Standalone personal loan vs personal loan against FD

    Personal loans have higher interest rates since they are unsecured as compared to personal loans taken against fixed deposits, which typically have lower interest rates, since they have the underlying deposit as the collateral. Getting a personal loan against a fixed deposit can be a good move in terms of your financial planning for the following reasons

    • Provides funds during a liquidity crunch for the short-term.
    • Cheaper than personal loan or credit card loan in that your fixed deposit continues to earn interest, while the loan only costs 100-200 bps or just 1-2% above your FD rate. (Government-owned banks usually charge 100-150 bps above the deposit rate while private banks charge 200 bps above the deposit rate)
    • Customers can avail of overdraft facility (withdraw more than the deposit) in many cases. All banks do not offer both loan and overdraft facilities. For instance, while ICICI Bank offers both facilities, ING Vysya Bank offers only the overdraft facility.
    • Many banks usually do not charge any processing charge since there is no risk involved.
    • In most cases, there are no prepayment penalties.
    Terms and conditions
    • Amount
    • Most banks usually offer 90 per cent of the value of your fixed deposit as the loan amount. For example, if you have a fixed deposit of Rs. 1 lakh with a bank for a tenure of two years, the bank would offer 90% of the amount as loan. The bank would lend you more money factoring in the interest accrued on your fixed deposit for two years. The loan can, therefore, be taken for any duration except that it should not exceed the tenure of the deposit.

    • Interest Rate
    • Most banks offer personal loans at an interest rate ranging from 16% to 24%. However, if you take a personal loan taken against a fixed deposit, you typically pay just 1% more than the rate of interest payable on the fixed deposit. For instance, if a bank charges 8% interest on a fixed deposit, the rate of interest payable on the personal loan raised against it would be 9%.

    • Documentation
    • A personal loan against fixed deposit involves simple documentation. You have to produce the following documents as notified by the bank

      • Demand promissory note
      • Deposit receipt
      • Loan documents
      • Pledge/lien letter
      • Overdraft agreement
      • Signed receipt
      • Application form
    • Charges
    • Most banks usually do not charge prepayment penalties for personal loans against fixed deposits. However, some banks do charge a small processing fee. Nevertheless, preferred customers, in some cases, may get half of their fees waived if their bank chooses to do so.

    • Repayment
    • Banks may offer a flexible repayment plan, wherein loan can be paid either in instalments or in a lump sum. Customers can also choose to repay a fixed amount every month. In some cases, banks ask customers to pay interest on a monthly basis. In many cases, customers can settle the loan at the time of the maturity of the fixed deposit.

      The borrowed amount plus interest should not exceed your deposit, failing which, you will have to repay the amount. Similarly, the tenure of the personal loan should not exceed the residual tenure of your fixed deposit.

      Customers who have a long standing relationship with their bank can avail of the overdraft facility which provides more liquidity for the short term. The customer pays interest only for the time he or she availed money from the bank.

      In case of a default, the bank may choose to foreclose the fixed deposit to recover the loan amount.

    Banks offering personal loans against fixed deposits
    • HDFC Bank
    • ICICI Bank
    • ING Vyasa Bank
    • Axis Bank
    • Citibank
    Points to Remember
    • Money should be free from lien or encumbrance
    • Deposit should not be in a minor's name.
    • If the deposit is under the joint name of both husband and wife, all holders of the deposit are liable to repay the loan.
    Financial Prudence

    Although taking a personal loan against your fixed deposit is easier compared to a standalone personal loan, tread with caution and don’t go overboard. If you don’t repay your loan on time, you will lose your fixed deposit (banks may foreclose the fixed deposit to recover the loan amount). Consequently, your CIBIL score will take a beating.

    Customer Reviews

    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good FD account"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have invested the fixed deposit with State bank of India. Since the branch is nearest by my home and they have given me a locker facility hence i have chosen the fixed deposit with SBI. Overall, I'm very much satisfied with the services with SBI.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jan 18, 2019
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Fraud by Yes Bank"
      0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
      Yes Bank has not credited Interest for my Fixed Deposit. On enquiring they gave me a story that the interest amount has been adjusted towards TDS. They have not provided credit entry for the interest and the debit entry for the TDS respectively.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , bhopal
      Reviewed on Jan 11, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Smart Investment"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In ICICI fixed deposit interest rate is around 6.75% per annum, I opened the FD through online. I have invested Rs. 1 lakh they wont take any charges for the pre matured fixed interest. I believe the interest rate is good compared to the government bank.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , yamuna nagar
      Reviewed on Jan 10, 2019
    • Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Average service"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I am having a Fixed Deposit account with Kotak Mahindra bank, they provide good services when compared to other banks. I get good interest rate in returns after the maturity period which is after 3 years. Customer support is average with Kotak Mahindra bank.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Jan 10, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Hassle free"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I also have a fixed deposit account with HDFC Bank. The process to open this account is easy. I can do it online. They also offer a good rate of interest on the account. The bank has always been up to the mark to ban with. It is very convenient and easy.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , noida
      Reviewed on Jan 09, 2019
    • IOB Fixed Deposit
      "Better Banking Experience"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have invested a fixed deposit with Indian Overseas Bank. My wife has recommended me about this bank since she is working over there. I invested the money of Rs. 50000. I don't remember about the tenure period. Before 1 years, i have invested the money with them.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , tiruchirapalli
      Reviewed on Jan 09, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Deposit"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have invested a fixed deposit with ICICI. There is no reason for selected this bank. They have offered me a interest rate of 6.5% and there is no processing fee. I have invested the money 8 months before. This is a one year plan. I'm happy about the services provided by the ICICI for this account
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , thane
      Reviewed on Jan 04, 2019
    • Corporation Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Average"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I had account with Corporation Bank and its very old one. I put fixed deposit before 3 to 4 years. The interest rate was around 7% which was minimum compared to others but am satisfied. I have deposited for 5 years. Actually have not taken any benefits, just have invested. The customer service was okay.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , pune
      Reviewed on Jan 04, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I do have a fixed deposit account with HDFC Bank. They are giving good interest. I can manage this account on line. I have chosen HDFC because of bank financial is good. I have just started long time, The process was very quick and it was done through on line.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , thane
      Reviewed on Jan 02, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Best Investment plan"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have taken fixed deposit account in State Bank Of India . They are not charging any charges for the account . I used to get income tax benefits . Am satisfied with the customer service and response.They are giving good rate of interest . Overall am happy with my account .
      Was this review helpful? 5
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Dec 29, 2018
    • review Fixed Deposit
      "Good online features on FD"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In Saraswat bank they are providing the interest around 7% per annum, the minimum amount Rs. 5000 to max, still my FD is running with this bank. The online options are excellent without visiting I can track the interest and deposit amount through online.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , pune
      Reviewed on Dec 17, 2018
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Convenient FD with HDFC"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In HDFC I can deposit for minimum of Rs. 5000 to max amount. I done the investment of one time payment around Rs.6 lakhs. I can chose the tenure period based on the convenient, it gives the interest of 7% its maximum. I can open and close the account through online.
      Was this review helpful? 6
      , pune
      Reviewed on Dec 17, 2018
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Very Good Service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I had made this investment pretty long time back and the services which they had provided so far has been good. The interest rate with them has been good and the growth with the investment has also been good. Their customer support has been helpful in guiding with everything.
      Was this review helpful? 9
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      It has been a good service which they had been providing so far and i had started this investment a log time back. Their customer support has been helpful in guiding me in the investment plans and explaining with the growth of the investment. The interest rate with them has also been good.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • Citibank Fixed Deposit
      "Not satisfied with the service"
      0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
      I had started this investment a pretty long time back and they had been providing a good service. Their customer support has not been responsive and i do not suggest any one to make an investment through them. There has not been a good growth with the investment.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good Investment Plan"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have taken fixed deposit account in STATE BANK OF INDIA . They are not charging any charges for the account . I used to get income tax benefits . Am satisfied with the customer service and response.They are giving good rate of interest . Overall am happy with my account .
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Dec 12, 2018
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Good investment plan"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have started investing in the fixed deposit almost more than 5 years. I have invested a variable amount in different times. They have offered me a interest rate of 7.5%. The response was good. I have chosen the post office because of the safe and security.
      Was this review helpful? 14
      , guwahati
      Reviewed on Dec 12, 2018
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have the fixed deposit account with the Yes bank and the interest rate they have given me is good, also the customer service is good too they have co-ordinated with me well they time to time update me about there date of pay my next fixed deposit date.On line banking services are fine one too and am really happy with them.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Dec 11, 2018
    • Axis Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Average bank to avail fixed deposit"
      0.5 4.5/5 "Excellent!"
      I have chosen the Axis bank for my fixed deposit. I have deposited around of Rs. 50000. Since they are providing very good services in their branch. They have offered me a interest rate of 6.5%. I put the money in 2015. I have visited their branch many times and the service is very much prompt. I had no issues with them.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Dec 11, 2018
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Satisfactory"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      My fixed deposit is with ICICI Bank. I had to go to the bank and meet the executive and open the account. I can close the account online. There is a lock in period for 12 to 13 months. The interest I earn is satisfactory. I have a deposit of 70K. Overall good.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , new delhi
      Reviewed on Dec 07, 2018
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