• Fixed Deposit versus Debt Mutual Fund

    If you have a sizeable amount of money saved up and your primary investment goals are:

    • To invest in a low risk, non-volatile, and safe avenue.
    • To see returns within 5 years.
    • To see at least an 8% - 9% rate of returns.
    Debt Mutual Fund Vs, Fixed Deposit

    Then you have two widely popular investment options open to you – Fixed Deposits (FDs) and Debt Mutual Funds (Debt Mfs). These are both investments that meet the above criteria, and have their own features which distinguish themselves from each other. The differences in the way these two investments work can be seen as advantages or disadvantages depending on the type of investor you are.

    Which is the better investment option? Fixed deposit or debt mutual fund?

    To answer this question, one must consider the following points, and evaluate the type of investor he or she is:

    1. Safety of Capital invested.

      • Fixed deposits:
        • Have a credit rating system (as shown in the table below) that classifies and segregates investments based on overall safety of the initial capital invested.
        • The classification and rating system takes into account various factors like commodities and securities or avenues being invested in, the duration, the current market status, its volatility, etc. and gives you a real picture of how your investment can be expected to perform and how safe your investment is.
        • Are guaranteed by the government up to the extent of Rs.1,00,000.
        • Rating

          Typically issued by:

          Safety Level

          "Sovereign"

          The Government of India.

          Highest – no investment is safer than a "sovereign" investment.

          "AAA"

          Banks, large private companies and PSUs.

          Very high – there is little likelihood that your investment will do badly.

          "AA"

          Private companies.

          High – these are tried and tested investments and consistently perform well.

          "BBB"

          Private companies.

          Below average – you stand a very realistic chance of losing your capital.

          "BB", "B", "C" and lower

          Private companies.

          Poor – you will almost definitely lose your invested capital and have probably fallen victim to empty promises of huge returns.

      • Debt Mutual Funds:
        • Do not have a rating system, but the safety of the investment is gauged on the investment portfolio. Approximate investment safety levels are considered.
        • Involve a lot of diligent analysis simply to determine the safety of the investment.
        • Are not guaranteed by any authority to any extent.

        If you’re the kind of investor who has a high risk appetite and can afford to wager your savings – for a potentially huge benefit – but against staggering odds in an unstable financial market that’s littered with scams, then try your hand at debt mutual funds. You might get lucky.

        If you’re the kind of investor who falls in the majority category of those who wish to take a highly informed decision to invest hard earned capital in an established avenue of investment, which has a safety rating and is guaranteed up to Rs.1,00,000 – invest in fixed deposits.

    2. Premature withdrawal from investment.

      • Fixed Deposits:
        • Do not allow withdrawals before maturity. If a withdrawal is necessary, you will have to break your FD.
        • Few banks allow for partial withdrawal (or partial breaking), but in most cases the FD will have to be entirely broken.
        • Breaking a fixed deposit results in lower rate of interest and payment of penalty.
        • Penalties range from 0-15% of the initial invested amount.

      • Debit Mutual Funds:
        • Any amount can be withdrawn from the debit mutual fund account.
        • Amounts can be withdrawn at any time, and the mutual fund continues to function on the remaining amount.
        • There is no loss of interest rate.
        • Penalties are charged in the form of exit load, ranging from 0.25% - 1% and only applicable for periods less than one year.

        If you feel that you will need to break your investment before it reaches maturity and liquefy funds at short notice, then invest in debt mutual funds. But bear in mind that you will never receive the full benefit from any form of investment if you habitually break investments.

        If your investment pattern involves allowing all your well-planned and premeditated investments to fully reach maturity – and make full use of the huge maturity benefits – then invest in fixed deposits. Once an investment has been made, it is assumed that enough precautions and measures have been taken to allow for full returns.

        Keep in mind that any investment, if withdrawn halfway through, will never pay out as much as you had hoped.

    3. Rates of Returns on Investment.

      • Fixed Deposits:
        • Operate on the model of a fixed interest rate that’s communicated before you invest.
        • Current interest rates are around 8% - 9% (for investments > 1 year). This does not change due even in financial crises or volatility.
        • Enables financial planning.
        • Guaranteed return on investment.
        • Allows for calculation of an accurate amount of money that can be expected as total return on investment.

      • Debt Mutual Funds:
        • No fixed pre-communicated rate of interest.
        • Rate of interest must be guesses at based on previous fund performance and investment portfolio.
        • No guaranteed returns on investment.
        • Rate of returns are subject to market volatility and fluctuations in interest rates.

        If you are the type of investor who no desire to know what the end result of the investment will be, or wishes to take the chance at perhaps earning more due to fluctuations in the market which could raise the rate of returns – then invest in debt mutual funds. These funds do not earn interest, but earn dividends which could go higher or lower than you anticipate. Historical performance data, however, does not support the notion that returns will be high.

        If your idea of investment is to have full knowledge and awareness of exactly how much you’re investing, and how much you expect to receive as profitable returns, then invest in fixed deposits. These will give you a real picture of what to expect, and when to expect it. It also facilitates better financial planning, as you will already know how much the maturity amount is and how much you’ll be earning at the end of the term.

    4. Tax Liability.

    5. To understand the different taxes that apply on these investments, it’s important to understand the kind of return on investment they offer. Fixed deposits offer you return on investment in the form of interest, and Debt Mutual Funds offer return on investment in the form of capital appreciation or dividend. These two heads of income are taxed differently.

      • Fixed Deposits:
        • Attract a high rate of tax. Up to 30% depending on your personal tax rate.
        • Tax is applicable even on accrued interest which hasn’t been received yet.
        • Eventual income that compounds is lesser than in the case of non-taxed dividend income.

      • Debt Mutual Funds:
        • Attract the same rate of tax as FDs during the first year.
        • Taxed at a lower rate than FDs between the first year and third year.
        • Tax free from third year onwards.

        The reason that capital gains and dividend are taxed at a lower rate than interest income is because it is unsecured and a certain element of risk exists – bringing with it ambiguity about whether the investment will yield a profit or not. This risk is balanced by lower taxation, but leaves the investor open to the possibility of losing his investment. Interest income is taxed because it is a definite source of income which has been promised to the investor and has been secured up to Rs.1,00,000. A little taxation is a small price to pay for an investment that will almost certainly yield a profit and returns.

        If your investment strategy aims at saving on a little tax at the cost of exposing yourself to risk, invest in debt mutual funds.

        If your investment strategy aims at secured and guaranteed returns on investment from a high rated scheme, invest in fixed deposits.

    Overall, it should be noted that fixed deposits are the investment of choice for the majority of people who have investable amounts of savings, as it is a safer and more secure investment where funds are locked until they mature. It is ideal for those looking to park their funds and earn a decent amount of interest and benefits. Economic fluctuations do not affect the rate at which interest will accrue, as it is decided beforehand.

    Debt mutual funds, on the other hand, are investments which are less secure and can fail due to multiple reasons not limited to fluctuations in the economy. These investments are for those who can afford the risk in order to enjoy the slightly higher reward (when compared to fixed deposits). The primary advantages here are that you can liquefy your investment fast and at minimal cost, and can save on tax – at the cost of a risky investment platform.

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    Fixed Deposit versus Debt Mutual Fund Reviews

    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Customer centrice & User friendly app"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I am doing Fixed Deposit with ICICI BANK and its been around 5years. They haven't been paying good interest and its more or less same like other banks as I used to hold my salary account with ICICI, I have decided to be with one bank. There is no locking period and its flexible. They do give good support and the app is user friendly. Even deposit account can be opened through i-mobile or net banking itself.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , nasik
      Reviewed on Oct 15, 2019
    • SBI
      SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I had a Fixed Deposit in State Bank of India, I have completed the tenure before 3months ago. I have no issues with the customer service. They are given me 7% interest rate for 2years. There is no profit and processing fee. I got an online access, where I can check the interest rate anytime on the YONO app or else SBI online.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , tirupati
      Reviewed on Oct 15, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Interest charges are good. "
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I have invested some money through FD. My salary account is in SBI so i have a zero ATM charges and the limit is not actually set by SBI. They do have short term FDs which is pretty good. I have invested the money of Rs. 60000 and the interest rate is 10.01% for the tenure period of 16 months. There is no lockin period. There is no hassle to getting the money back.
      Was this review helpful? 7
      , kolkata
      Reviewed on Oct 01, 2019
    • Dena Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good plan for senior citizen"
      0.5 2.0/5 "Expected more"
      I have invested the money in Dena bank through Fixed deposit and the growth is not that much good. They are not taking any hidden charges. Only because of the Government undertaken bank, i have selected them. They are providing a interest rate of 6% per annum. I have invested the money of Rs. 2 lakhs. There is a lockin period of 1 year.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , new delhi
      Reviewed on Sep 24, 2019
    • Axis Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Interest should be increased for FD"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I have opt for fixed deposit for the tax saving purpose because I have chosen five years tenure with AXIS Bank, still its going on. Only once I Invested my money it has the locking period of five years. I have option to check my transactions through mobile app. But I have concern about the interest rate is very lesser for this FD.
      Was this review helpful? 5
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Sep 19, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "FD process should be simpler"
      0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
      I had fixed deposit with SBI then I withdrawn the amount, I done Rs. 3 lakhs of investment on my daughter name then I taken the liquidity to purchase the land, at the time I struggled a lot to take that money because the process was difficult to withdrawn the money after seven months of tenure.
      Was this review helpful? 15
      , madurai
      Reviewed on Sep 03, 2019
    • Union Bank of India Fixed Deposit
      "Not good"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I had a Fixed Deposit with Union Bank of India and its closed 18 to 19 months due to personal reasons. I am doing investment but my experience is not good with FD account. In my home town, there is no other banks so just decided to go with this bank. The returns are good.
      Was this review helpful? 7
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Aug 28, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good to go with HDFC"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have one FD with HDFC, I deposited Rs. 1 lakh, I was opt for 45 days of tenure. Finally I got 6.25% of interest for 45 days. It won't cover the tax, if we need tax benefits we should go for five years term. I can track the details through netbanking, on the maturity date the amount credits automatically in the account. Even the notification can customized.
      Was this review helpful? 8
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Aug 27, 2019
    • HSBC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "wrong calculation of interest rates"
      0.5 0.5/5 "Unacceptable"
      HSBC staff wrongly pre closed my fixed deposit .. and calculated the interest rates wrongly and when asked them for clarification never got back .. even after following up with them repeatedly for more than 3 months.. would highly recommend not using their services.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , visakhapatnam
      Reviewed on Aug 24, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I do have a Fixed deposit account with SBI and it was carried out by Mom and even I have account for my daughter. Its still running and they have Google application separately to access online. The returns are good. I am doing monthly investment and it was opened quite a long may be 4 years.
      Was this review helpful? 9
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Aug 23, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I just opened a Fixed Deposit with ICICI BANK and have not done any survey on this. I am account holder with them so it was easy to do FD account even they are providing 7% interest rate. The process is very user friendly and never faced any hassle. I could access this account via online.
      Was this review helpful? 6
      , new delhi
      Reviewed on Aug 21, 2019
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Good for future"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      In post office rate of interest is higher for the fixed deposit when compared to the bank, I invested Rs. 5000 on monthly basis its comes in a year Rs. 60,000 after 5 years I got Rs. 3.75,000 I got Rs. 75,000 extra. The service is not comfortable if we have any relative who working there it would supportive or else difficult.
      Was this review helpful? 17
      , burdwan
      Reviewed on Aug 09, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good for future saving"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have FD with SBI, I have opt for one year term there is no such limitation for depositing the money. The interest rate is good for the FD, the online banking is convenient to take liquidity. They resolve the queries on time. Its most safe and secured.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , visakhapatnam
      Reviewed on Aug 08, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Average"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have selected state bnak of indis fixed deposit amount 1 lakhs , Tenure 5 years and Rate of interest 8 percentage after renewal fixed deposit 6 percentage is very less .while document directly bank . Customer service is not good and responsive.
      Was this review helpful? 8
      , kochi
      Reviewed on Aug 05, 2019
    • Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent Banking"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I activated FD account with Kotak, I have been maintaining this account since when I opened saving account, I converted Rs. 5000 for one year. They are providing interest around 7.6% per annum, the online netbanking and mobile app is very convenient for deposit to FD.
      Was this review helpful? 5
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Aug 03, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have invested my FD with ICICI BANK and also have a 3in1 account with them. The interest rate is pretty good. Recently started before 6months, I can do premature withdrawal and also have selected a locking period of 3 years. The customer service is good and overall am satisfied with this bank.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Aug 01, 2019
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Safe and Secured"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      My Post office branch is located in own campus hence there is no queue. I opened the fixed deposit, I made one time investment for five years its has tax exemption. They are providing 7% of interest for per annum. I believe it has online access as well.
      Was this review helpful? 13
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Aug 01, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Too much good scheme"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      Chosen my fixed deposit from State bank of India. I have invested the money of Rs. 57000 and SBI is a most popular bank all over the India and offering all the facilities compared to bank. Since i have a salary account with them, its easy to transfer the money. They are providing the interest rate of 6.5%.
      Was this review helpful? 7
      , kolkata
      Reviewed on Jul 31, 2019
    • Union Bank of India Fixed Deposit
      "Good Investment"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      Union of India fixed deposit is same as other investment. Being an existing customer I have opt for one year of fd, the online banking feature is good to open and closing the account, they was no charges for the liquidity of fund before the maturity.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Jul 29, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good investment plan"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      Chosen my fixed deposit from state bank of India because the given rate of interest is high. They are not deducting any service charges. I have invested the money of Rs. 1 lakhs and there is no lockin period and i have chosen the plan for 1 year and they are giving a interest rate of 6.75%.
      Was this review helpful? 11
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Jul 25, 2019
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