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  • Fixed Deposit BYTES FROM OUR KITCHEN

    Fixed Deposit versus Debt Mutual Fund

    If you have a sizeable amount of money saved up and your primary investment goals are:

    • To invest in a low risk, non-volatile, and safe avenue.
    • To see returns within 5 years.
    • To see at least an 8% - 9% rate of returns.
    Debt Mutual Fund Vs, Fixed Deposit

    Then you have two widely popular investment options open to you – Fixed Deposits (FDs) and Debt Mutual Funds (Debt Mfs). These are both investments that meet the above criteria, and have their own features which distinguish themselves from each other. The differences in the way these two investments work can be seen as advantages or disadvantages depending on the type of investor you are.

    Which is the better investment option? Fixed deposit or debt mutual fund?

    To answer this question, one must consider the following points, and evaluate the type of investor he or she is:

    1. Safety of Capital invested.

      • Fixed deposits:
        • Have a credit rating system (as shown in the table below) that classifies and segregates investments based on overall safety of the initial capital invested.
        • The classification and rating system takes into account various factors like commodities and securities or avenues being invested in, the duration, the current market status, its volatility, etc. and gives you a real picture of how your investment can be expected to perform and how safe your investment is.
        • Are guaranteed by the government up to the extent of Rs.1,00,000.
        • Rating

          Typically issued by:

          Safety Level

          "Sovereign"

          The Government of India.

          Highest – no investment is safer than a "sovereign" investment.

          "AAA"

          Banks, large private companies and PSUs.

          Very high – there is little likelihood that your investment will do badly.

          "AA"

          Private companies.

          High – these are tried and tested investments and consistently perform well.

          "BBB"

          Private companies.

          Below average – you stand a very realistic chance of losing your capital.

          "BB", "B", "C" and lower

          Private companies.

          Poor – you will almost definitely lose your invested capital and have probably fallen victim to empty promises of huge returns.

      • Debt Mutual Funds:
        • Do not have a rating system, but the safety of the investment is gauged on the investment portfolio. Approximate investment safety levels are considered.
        • Involve a lot of diligent analysis simply to determine the safety of the investment.
        • Are not guaranteed by any authority to any extent.

        If you’re the kind of investor who has a high risk appetite and can afford to wager your savings – for a potentially huge benefit – but against staggering odds in an unstable financial market that’s littered with scams, then try your hand at debt mutual funds. You might get lucky.

        If you’re the kind of investor who falls in the majority category of those who wish to take a highly informed decision to invest hard earned capital in an established avenue of investment, which has a safety rating and is guaranteed up to Rs.1,00,000 – invest in fixed deposits.

    2. Premature withdrawal from investment.

      • Fixed Deposits:
        • Do not allow withdrawals before maturity. If a withdrawal is necessary, you will have to break your FD.
        • Few banks allow for partial withdrawal (or partial breaking), but in most cases the FD will have to be entirely broken.
        • Breaking a fixed deposit results in lower rate of interest and payment of penalty.
        • Penalties range from 0-15% of the initial invested amount.

      • Debit Mutual Funds:
        • Any amount can be withdrawn from the debit mutual fund account.
        • Amounts can be withdrawn at any time, and the mutual fund continues to function on the remaining amount.
        • There is no loss of interest rate.
        • Penalties are charged in the form of exit load, ranging from 0.25% - 1% and only applicable for periods less than one year.

        If you feel that you will need to break your investment before it reaches maturity and liquefy funds at short notice, then invest in debt mutual funds. But bear in mind that you will never receive the full benefit from any form of investment if you habitually break investments.

        If your investment pattern involves allowing all your well-planned and premeditated investments to fully reach maturity – and make full use of the huge maturity benefits – then invest in fixed deposits. Once an investment has been made, it is assumed that enough precautions and measures have been taken to allow for full returns.

        Keep in mind that any investment, if withdrawn halfway through, will never pay out as much as you had hoped.

    3. Rates of Returns on Investment.

      • Fixed Deposits:
        • Operate on the model of a fixed interest rate that’s communicated before you invest.
        • Current interest rates are around 8% - 9% (for investments > 1 year). This does not change due even in financial crises or volatility.
        • Enables financial planning.
        • Guaranteed return on investment.
        • Allows for calculation of an accurate amount of money that can be expected as total return on investment.

      • Debt Mutual Funds:
        • No fixed pre-communicated rate of interest.
        • Rate of interest must be guesses at based on previous fund performance and investment portfolio.
        • No guaranteed returns on investment.
        • Rate of returns are subject to market volatility and fluctuations in interest rates.

        If you are the type of investor who no desire to know what the end result of the investment will be, or wishes to take the chance at perhaps earning more due to fluctuations in the market which could raise the rate of returns – then invest in debt mutual funds. These funds do not earn interest, but earn dividends which could go higher or lower than you anticipate. Historical performance data, however, does not support the notion that returns will be high.

        If your idea of investment is to have full knowledge and awareness of exactly how much you’re investing, and how much you expect to receive as profitable returns, then invest in fixed deposits. These will give you a real picture of what to expect, and when to expect it. It also facilitates better financial planning, as you will already know how much the maturity amount is and how much you’ll be earning at the end of the term.

    4. Tax Liability.

    5. To understand the different taxes that apply on these investments, it’s important to understand the kind of return on investment they offer. Fixed deposits offer you return on investment in the form of interest, and Debt Mutual Funds offer return on investment in the form of capital appreciation or dividend. These two heads of income are taxed differently.

      • Fixed Deposits:
        • Attract a high rate of tax. Up to 30% depending on your personal tax rate.
        • Tax is applicable even on accrued interest which hasn’t been received yet.
        • Eventual income that compounds is lesser than in the case of non-taxed dividend income.

      • Debt Mutual Funds:
        • Attract the same rate of tax as FDs during the first year.
        • Taxed at a lower rate than FDs between the first year and third year.
        • Tax free from third year onwards.

        The reason that capital gains and dividend are taxed at a lower rate than interest income is because it is unsecured and a certain element of risk exists – bringing with it ambiguity about whether the investment will yield a profit or not. This risk is balanced by lower taxation, but leaves the investor open to the possibility of losing his investment. Interest income is taxed because it is a definite source of income which has been promised to the investor and has been secured up to Rs.1,00,000. A little taxation is a small price to pay for an investment that will almost certainly yield a profit and returns.

        If your investment strategy aims at saving on a little tax at the cost of exposing yourself to risk, invest in debt mutual funds.

        If your investment strategy aims at secured and guaranteed returns on investment from a high rated scheme, invest in fixed deposits.

    Overall, it should be noted that fixed deposits are the investment of choice for the majority of people who have investable amounts of savings, as it is a safer and more secure investment where funds are locked until they mature. It is ideal for those looking to park their funds and earn a decent amount of interest and benefits. Economic fluctuations do not affect the rate at which interest will accrue, as it is decided beforehand.

    Debt mutual funds, on the other hand, are investments which are less secure and can fail due to multiple reasons not limited to fluctuations in the economy. These investments are for those who can afford the risk in order to enjoy the slightly higher reward (when compared to fixed deposits). The primary advantages here are that you can liquefy your investment fast and at minimal cost, and can save on tax – at the cost of a risky investment platform.

    Fixed Deposit versus Debt Mutual Fund Reviews

    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good FD account"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have invested the fixed deposit with State bank of India. Since the branch is nearest by my home and they have given me a locker facility hence i have chosen the fixed deposit with SBI. Overall, I'm very much satisfied with the services with SBI.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jan 18, 2019
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Fraud by Yes Bank"
      0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
      Yes Bank has not credited Interest for my Fixed Deposit. On enquiring they gave me a story that the interest amount has been adjusted towards TDS. They have not provided credit entry for the interest and the debit entry for the TDS respectively.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , bhopal
      Reviewed on Jan 11, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Smart Investment"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In ICICI fixed deposit interest rate is around 6.75% per annum, I opened the FD through online. I have invested Rs. 1 lakh they wont take any charges for the pre matured fixed interest. I believe the interest rate is good compared to the government bank.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , yamuna nagar
      Reviewed on Jan 10, 2019
    • Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Average service"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I am having a Fixed Deposit account with Kotak Mahindra bank, they provide good services when compared to other banks. I get good interest rate in returns after the maturity period which is after 3 years. Customer support is average with Kotak Mahindra bank.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Jan 10, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Hassle free"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I also have a fixed deposit account with HDFC Bank. The process to open this account is easy. I can do it online. They also offer a good rate of interest on the account. The bank has always been up to the mark to ban with. It is very convenient and easy.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , noida
      Reviewed on Jan 09, 2019
    • IOB Fixed Deposit
      "Better Banking Experience"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have invested a fixed deposit with Indian Overseas Bank. My wife has recommended me about this bank since she is working over there. I invested the money of Rs. 50000. I don't remember about the tenure period. Before 1 years, i have invested the money with them.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , tiruchirapalli
      Reviewed on Jan 09, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Deposit"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have invested a fixed deposit with ICICI. There is no reason for selected this bank. They have offered me a interest rate of 6.5% and there is no processing fee. I have invested the money 8 months before. This is a one year plan. I'm happy about the services provided by the ICICI for this account
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , thane
      Reviewed on Jan 04, 2019
    • Corporation Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Average"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I had account with Corporation Bank and its very old one. I put fixed deposit before 3 to 4 years. The interest rate was around 7% which was minimum compared to others but am satisfied. I have deposited for 5 years. Actually have not taken any benefits, just have invested. The customer service was okay.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , pune
      Reviewed on Jan 04, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I do have a fixed deposit account with HDFC Bank. They are giving good interest. I can manage this account on line. I have chosen HDFC because of bank financial is good. I have just started long time, The process was very quick and it was done through on line.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , thane
      Reviewed on Jan 02, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Best Investment plan"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have taken fixed deposit account in State Bank Of India . They are not charging any charges for the account . I used to get income tax benefits . Am satisfied with the customer service and response.They are giving good rate of interest . Overall am happy with my account .
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Dec 29, 2018
    • review Fixed Deposit
      "Good online features on FD"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In Saraswat bank they are providing the interest around 7% per annum, the minimum amount Rs. 5000 to max, still my FD is running with this bank. The online options are excellent without visiting I can track the interest and deposit amount through online.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , pune
      Reviewed on Dec 17, 2018
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Convenient FD with HDFC"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In HDFC I can deposit for minimum of Rs. 5000 to max amount. I done the investment of one time payment around Rs.6 lakhs. I can chose the tenure period based on the convenient, it gives the interest of 7% its maximum. I can open and close the account through online.
      Was this review helpful? 6
      , pune
      Reviewed on Dec 17, 2018
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Very Good Service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I had made this investment pretty long time back and the services which they had provided so far has been good. The interest rate with them has been good and the growth with the investment has also been good. Their customer support has been helpful in guiding with everything.
      Was this review helpful? 9
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      It has been a good service which they had been providing so far and i had started this investment a log time back. Their customer support has been helpful in guiding me in the investment plans and explaining with the growth of the investment. The interest rate with them has also been good.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • Citibank Fixed Deposit
      "Not satisfied with the service"
      0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
      I had started this investment a pretty long time back and they had been providing a good service. Their customer support has not been responsive and i do not suggest any one to make an investment through them. There has not been a good growth with the investment.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good Investment Plan"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have taken fixed deposit account in STATE BANK OF INDIA . They are not charging any charges for the account . I used to get income tax benefits . Am satisfied with the customer service and response.They are giving good rate of interest . Overall am happy with my account .
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Dec 12, 2018
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Good investment plan"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have started investing in the fixed deposit almost more than 5 years. I have invested a variable amount in different times. They have offered me a interest rate of 7.5%. The response was good. I have chosen the post office because of the safe and security.
      Was this review helpful? 14
      , guwahati
      Reviewed on Dec 12, 2018
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have the fixed deposit account with the Yes bank and the interest rate they have given me is good, also the customer service is good too they have co-ordinated with me well they time to time update me about there date of pay my next fixed deposit date.On line banking services are fine one too and am really happy with them.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Dec 11, 2018
    • Axis Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Average bank to avail fixed deposit"
      0.5 4.5/5 "Excellent!"
      I have chosen the Axis bank for my fixed deposit. I have deposited around of Rs. 50000. Since they are providing very good services in their branch. They have offered me a interest rate of 6.5%. I put the money in 2015. I have visited their branch many times and the service is very much prompt. I had no issues with them.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Dec 11, 2018
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Satisfactory"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      My fixed deposit is with ICICI Bank. I had to go to the bank and meet the executive and open the account. I can close the account online. There is a lock in period for 12 to 13 months. The interest I earn is satisfactory. I have a deposit of 70K. Overall good.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , new delhi
      Reviewed on Dec 07, 2018
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