• Cumulative FD and Non-Cumulative FD

    Fixed deposits are one of the most sought-after financial instruments in India. Millions of Indians put their life savings in fixed deposit schemes offered by banks across India. However, investors should understand the various types of fixed deposits to ensure that they get their desired results on their deposits. A fixed deposit can be placed for a minimum period of seven days. Fixed deposit schemes are offered by all banks in india such as State Bank of India, ICICI Bank, IDBI Bank, HDFC Bank, Bank of India and Corporation Bank among many others.

    What is a cumulative fixed deposit?

    There is no fixed interest payable over a quarter, half-year or annually in a cumulative fd scheme in that the interest rate is compounded every quarter or year and payable at the time of maturity with the principal.

    What is a non-cumulative fixed deposit?

    The interest is paid on a quarterly, monthly or annual basis in non-cumulative fixed deposit schemes. Also, the interest earned monthly from your non-cumulative fixed deposits will be taxable. This scheme is most suitable for an individual who is in need of an interest payout periodically.

    Cumulative versus non-cumulative FD

    There are two types of fixed deposits- cumulative and non-cumulative fixed deposits. There is no fixed interest - half-yearly or every year in a cumulative fixed deposit scheme, i.e, interest rate is compounded every year and then paid at the end of the tenure. For instance, if you deposit in a financial firm at 10% interest under a cumulative scheme, you will not get interest every month or yearly but only at the end of the scheme tenure. At the end of tenure, the firm will pay the principal amount and accumulated interest. In other words, if you have a fixed deposit for Rs.1 lakh, every year, you can earn an interest of Rs.10,000 (simple rate of interest). At the end of the first year, you will get back Rs. 1.10 lakhs.

    If Rs, 1 lakh is put in a non-cumulative scheme, the interest is paid every annually or monthly as decided by a firm. If the interest is paid every quarter, an individual gets Rs.2500. Investors who want a regular income can opt for non-cumulative scheme and those who do not can opt for cumulative schemes.

    In a cumulative or reinvestment fixed deposit, interest is compounded quarterly. The compounded interest is then reinvested with the principal amount. The maturity period of cumulative fixed deposits ranges anywhere from six months to 10 years. Given that in a cumulative fixed deposit scheme, interest is paid at the time of maturity in addition to the principal amount, it is most suitable for individuals who are not in need of regular interest payment. Cumulative fixed deposit schemes can, therefore, be known as money multiplier schemes. On the contrary, in a non-cumulative fixed deposit scheme, interest is payable at fixed frequencies. Non-cumulative fixed deposit schemes are, therefore, suitable for pensioners who are in need of periodical payment of interest.

    Fixed deposit calculator

    The fixed deposit calculator gives the return on the principal amount upon quarterly compounding of interest. Also, the effective yield, the return on a fixed deposit depends on the interest rate and the compounding frequency. In India, most major banks do quarterly compounding to arrive at the maturity value of fixed income deposits. To use the calculator, you will have to fill in details such as the following:

    • Principal amount
    • Interest Rate
    • Period of Deposit
    • Upon filling up of the above details, you will have to submit the data to get the maturity amount, interest and yield.

      For instance, if you have a fixed deposit of Rs. 1 lakh at 8% interest for a period of five years, your total interest receivable will be Rs.48,595. The total maturity amount will be Rs.1,48,595 while the effective yield will be 9.719.

      The compounding interest formula(quarterly) is as follows:

      A= P (1+r/n)nt

      A = final amount

      P = principal amount

      r = nominal interest rate (as a decimal)

      n = number of times interest is compounded (monthly compounding - 12, half-year - 2 and 4 for quarter)

      t = number of years

    Example

    Customers can also opt for monthly, quarterly, half-yearly or yearly compounding frequency. For instance, if you deposit Rs.1 lakh for a period of 5 years at 8.5% interest and monthly compounding frequency, you will receive Rs.1,52,730 as maturity amount and 10.54 as effective yield. If your opt for quarterly compounding for the same principal and interest, you will receive Rs. 1,52,279 as maturity amount with an effective yield of 10.45. If you opt for half-yearly compounding frequency for the same principal and FD interest rate, you will receive Rs.1,51,621 as maturity amount and 10.32 as effective yield. If you opt for compounding frequency on an annual basis, you will receive Rs.1,50,365 as maturity amount and 10.07 as effective yield.

    If you put Rs.1,00,000 in a non-cumulative fixed deposit scheme on an annual basis for a period of five years at 9.25% p.a, your maturity amount will be Rs.1,46,250 (interest earned is Rs.46,250). On a monthly, half-yearly and quarterly basis for the same principal, interest rate and tenure, the maturity amounts will be Rs.1,44,500 and Rs.1,45,250 and Rs.1,44,750 respectively.

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    Cumulative FD and Non-Cumulative FD Reviews

    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good in FD service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I am having a savings account with State Bank of India hence i have selected the Fixed deposit investment scheme with them. They are providing the interest rate of 8%. I have invested the money 2 years back and there is a lockin period of 72 months.
      Was this review helpful? 32
      , visakhapatnam
      Reviewed on Mar 02, 2020
    • Kotak
      Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Safe and secure"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      Kotak Mahindra bank is a reliable bank and good management thats the reason i have invested the fixed deposit scheme in this bank. They have provided me a interest rate of 7% and i have kept for the period of 1 year and 1 month. Overall, I'm satisfied with their services.
      Was this review helpful? 6
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Mar 01, 2020
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Safe and Secure"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have purchased HDFC Fixed deposit which I am renewing for every 13 months. They have given me an interest rate of 7% and There is no processing fee and there is no locking period as well. If I'm withdrawing FD amount before locking period, they are charging some amount.
      Was this review helpful? 16
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Mar 01, 2020
    • Punjab National Bank Fixed Deposit
      "PNB Fixed Scheme is good"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I went to the nearby branch for the Punjab National Bank for taking my fixed deposit as per my family members recommendation. I have invested the money of Rs. 50000 there was a lockin duration of 6 years when i withdraw the money, i got the money of Rs.1 lakhs. They have offered me a interest rate of 7%.
      Was this review helpful? 12
      , jamshedpur
      Reviewed on Feb 27, 2020
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I was having my savings account from Post office hence i have invested my money into Post office Fixed deposit scheme. I have invested the money of Rs. 25000. There is a lockin period of 10 years. I have invested the money in the year of 2011. Post office service is proper. Overall, I'm happy about the services.
      Was this review helpful? 39
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Feb 25, 2020
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "FD is not good with HDFC"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have invested some money as a Fixed deposit in HDFC Bank and the interest rate is not that much great because they are giving interest as compared to others. I have invested the money of Rs. 3L and there is a locking period of 5 years. Its 7% interest rate. If they are increasing the interest rate, it would be fine. Since I do all my transactions with this bank, I have selected same for my FD as well.
      Was this review helpful? 15
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Jan 31, 2020
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good support"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have chosen my fixed deposit scheme from State bank of India because I'm maintaining my salary account with them and they provided rate of interest is fine for me. I have invested the money of Rs. 2.75 lakhs. There is a locking period of 45 days. They are giving interest rate of 4.5%. Overall, I'm satisfied with their services.
      Was this review helpful? 24
      , namakkal
      Reviewed on Jan 18, 2020
    • Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Good App"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have been investing the money of Rs. 3 lakhs for the fixed deposit. I have selected Kotak mahindra bank for the FD because their net banking facility is very different when i compared to other. I can access everything regarding the account hence its easy to handle the transactions. I'm not sure about the interest rates. 7 months before, i have invested the money.
      Was this review helpful? 11
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Jan 08, 2020
    • Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent Services"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      Its because of the competitive interest rates, i have selected the Fixed deposit in Kotak Mahindra bank. I have invested the fixed deposit 1.5 years ago and there is a lockin period of 5 years. They have invested the amount of Rs. 7.5 % and the employees are helpful in the branch.
      Was this review helpful? 8
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Jan 08, 2020
    • Axis Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Savings scheme"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have a Fixed deposit in Axis bank. I have invested the money of Rs. 10000 for two FDs. There is a lockin duration of 1 year. They are giving a interest rate of 7%. Through net banking, i have activated this Fixed deposit. There is no tax benefits available. Axis bank service has been good. Overall, I'm happy about their services.
      Was this review helpful? 9
      , kolkata
      Reviewed on Dec 31, 2019
    • Oriental Bank of Commerce Fixed Deposit
      "Good Scheme"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      Since last 15 years, i have a account with Oriental bank of commerce thats the reason i have invested the money in fixed deposit with the same bank. I have invested the amount of Rs. 11 lakhs. They are giving the interest rate of 6.5%. There is no locking period but i have chosen the duration of 1.5 years. There is no additional charges deducted for this fixed deposit.
      Was this review helpful? 17
      , bulandshahr
      Reviewed on Dec 03, 2019
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Good Service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      Interest rate is very low in Indian post office Fixed deposit scheme because they are providing only 8.5%. I have chosen this office because of the child benefits. I have invested the money of Rs. 1.5 years. Its 3 years lock in period. Overall, I'm satisfied with the service provided by post office employees.
      Was this review helpful? 61
      , parvathipuram
      Reviewed on Dec 03, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good bank for Fixed Deposit"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have invested the money in SBI for a fixed deposit and based on my wife recommendation i have chosen it. They are providing the interest rate of 7.25%. They have option to select the lock in period in that i have chosen 5 years. We had visited their branch and the response was good.
      Was this review helpful? 34
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Nov 12, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good one"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      Its easy accessible and to redeem so that i have invested the money in Fixed Deposit with HDFC BANK. I have invested the money of Rs. 2.5 lakhs and they have provided me a interest rate of 7.5%. There is no locking period. I didn't got any additional charges till now.
      Was this review helpful? 20
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Nov 12, 2019
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Safety deposit"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have paid the money of Rs. 4.5 lakhs as a fixed deposit in the Indian post office. For the safety purpose, i have chosen the post office account. They are offering me a interest rate of 7.9%. There is a lockin period of 5 years. If i withdraw the money in 1 year, they will reduce the interest rate of 2% and after 3 years, its 1%.
      Was this review helpful? 112
      , jaipur
      Reviewed on Nov 08, 2019
    • Central Bank of India Fixed Deposit
      "Good Bank"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      Interest rates are less in Central Bank of India so I had taken a fixed deposit. I have invested the money of Rs. 1 lakh in my wife's name. Branch is near from my place so I have chosen this bank. Yearly once, I get the money of Rs. 6,765 for the interest. There is a locking period of 1 year.
      Was this review helpful? 14
      , tirupur
      Reviewed on Nov 06, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Customer centrice & User friendly app"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I am doing Fixed Deposit with ICICI BANK and its been around 5years. They haven't been paying good interest and its more or less same like other banks as I used to hold my salary account with ICICI, I have decided to be with one bank. There is no locking period and its flexible. They do give good support and the app is user friendly. Even deposit account can be opened through i-mobile or net banking itself.
      Was this review helpful? 20
      , nasik
      Reviewed on Oct 15, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I had a Fixed Deposit in State Bank of India, I have completed the tenure before 3months ago. I have no issues with the customer service. They are given me 7% interest rate for 2years. There is no profit and processing fee. I got an online access, where I can check the interest rate anytime on the YONO app or else SBI online.
      Was this review helpful? 31
      , tirupati
      Reviewed on Oct 15, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Interest charges are good. "
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I have invested some money through FD. My salary account is in SBI so i have a zero ATM charges and the limit is not actually set by SBI. They do have short term FDs which is pretty good. I have invested the money of Rs. 60000 and the interest rate is 10.01% for the tenure period of 16 months. There is no lockin period. There is no hassle to getting the money back.
      Was this review helpful? 44
      , kolkata
      Reviewed on Oct 01, 2019
    • Dena Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good plan for senior citizen"
      0.5 2.0/5 "Expected more"
      I have invested the money in Dena bank through Fixed deposit and the growth is not that much good. They are not taking any hidden charges. Only because of the Government undertaken bank, i have selected them. They are providing a interest rate of 6% per annum. I have invested the money of Rs. 2 lakhs. There is a lockin period of 1 year.
      Was this review helpful? 17
      , new delhi
      Reviewed on Sep 24, 2019
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