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    Certificate of Deposit

    India introduced Certificates of Deposit (CDs) in 1989 to increase the range of money market instruments in the country and thereby give investors greater flexibility in terms of utilization of their short-term funds.

    What is a Certificate of Deposit?

    A Certificate of Deposit (CD) is a money market instrument which is issued in a dematerialised form against funds deposited in a bank for a specific period. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issues guidelines for Certificate of Deposit from time to time.

    Eligibility for Certificate of Deposit:

    Certificates of Deposit are issued by scheduled commercial banks and select financial institutions in India as allowed by RBI within a limit. Certificates of Deposits are issued to individuals, companies, corporations and funds among others. Certificates of Deposits can also be issued to Non-Resident Indians but on a non-repatriable basis only. It is important to note that banks and financial institutions cannot provide loans against Certificates of Deposits. Also, banks cannot buy their own Certificates of Deposits prior to the latter’s maturity. However, the aforementioned norms may be relaxed by the RBI for a specific period of time. It is important to note that banks have to maintain the statutory liquidity ratio (SLR) and cash reserve ratio (CRR) on the price of a Certificate of Deposit.

    Format of Certificates of Deposit

    Banks and financial institutions should issue a Certificate of Deposit in a dematerialised form only. However, investors can seek a certificate in physical form as well as per Depositories Act, 1996. In case an investor seeks a certificate in a physical form, a bank informs the Financial Markets Department, Reserve Bank of India, Mumbai. Also, a Certificate of Deposit entails stamp duty charges as well. Given that Certificates of Deposits are transferable in a physical form, banks should ensure that they are issued on good quality paper. A Certificate of Deposit has to be signed by two or more signatories (authorized).

    Minimum size and maturity of a Certificate of Deposit

    A certificate of deposit can only be issued for a minimum of Rs.1 lakh by a single issuer and in multiples of Rs.1 lakh. The maturity of a certificate of deposit depends on the investor. For instance, for a certificate of deposit issued by banks, the maturity period is not less than 7 days and not above one year while for financial institutions, a certificate of deposit should not be issued for less than 1 year and not above three years.

    Transferability

    A certificate of deposit which is not held in an electronic form can be transferred by endorsement and delivery. However, a certificate of deposit held in a demat form is transferred according to guidelines followed by demat securities.

    Discount

    A certificate of deposit can be issued at a discount on its face value. Furthermore, banks and financial institutions can issue certificates of deposits on a floating rate basis. However, the method of calculating the floating rate should be market-based.

    Reporting

    Banks’ fortnightly return should include certificates of deposits as per Section 42 of the RBI Act, 1934. Furthermore, banks and financial institutions should also report about certificates of deposits under the Online Returns Filing System (ORFS). 

    Certificate of Deposit Reviews

    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good FD account"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have invested the fixed deposit with State bank of India. Since the branch is nearest by my home and they have given me a locker facility hence i have chosen the fixed deposit with SBI. Overall, I'm very much satisfied with the services with SBI.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jan 18, 2019
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Fraud by Yes Bank"
      0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
      Yes Bank has not credited Interest for my Fixed Deposit. On enquiring they gave me a story that the interest amount has been adjusted towards TDS. They have not provided credit entry for the interest and the debit entry for the TDS respectively.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , bhopal
      Reviewed on Jan 11, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Smart Investment"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In ICICI fixed deposit interest rate is around 6.75% per annum, I opened the FD through online. I have invested Rs. 1 lakh they wont take any charges for the pre matured fixed interest. I believe the interest rate is good compared to the government bank.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , yamuna nagar
      Reviewed on Jan 10, 2019
    • Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Average service"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I am having a Fixed Deposit account with Kotak Mahindra bank, they provide good services when compared to other banks. I get good interest rate in returns after the maturity period which is after 3 years. Customer support is average with Kotak Mahindra bank.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Jan 10, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Hassle free"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I also have a fixed deposit account with HDFC Bank. The process to open this account is easy. I can do it online. They also offer a good rate of interest on the account. The bank has always been up to the mark to ban with. It is very convenient and easy.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , noida
      Reviewed on Jan 09, 2019
    • IOB Fixed Deposit
      "Better Banking Experience"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have invested a fixed deposit with Indian Overseas Bank. My wife has recommended me about this bank since she is working over there. I invested the money of Rs. 50000. I don't remember about the tenure period. Before 1 years, i have invested the money with them.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , tiruchirapalli
      Reviewed on Jan 09, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Deposit"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have invested a fixed deposit with ICICI. There is no reason for selected this bank. They have offered me a interest rate of 6.5% and there is no processing fee. I have invested the money 8 months before. This is a one year plan. I'm happy about the services provided by the ICICI for this account
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , thane
      Reviewed on Jan 04, 2019
    • Corporation Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Average"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I had account with Corporation Bank and its very old one. I put fixed deposit before 3 to 4 years. The interest rate was around 7% which was minimum compared to others but am satisfied. I have deposited for 5 years. Actually have not taken any benefits, just have invested. The customer service was okay.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , pune
      Reviewed on Jan 04, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I do have a fixed deposit account with HDFC Bank. They are giving good interest. I can manage this account on line. I have chosen HDFC because of bank financial is good. I have just started long time, The process was very quick and it was done through on line.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , thane
      Reviewed on Jan 02, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Best Investment plan"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have taken fixed deposit account in State Bank Of India . They are not charging any charges for the account . I used to get income tax benefits . Am satisfied with the customer service and response.They are giving good rate of interest . Overall am happy with my account .
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Dec 29, 2018
    • review Fixed Deposit
      "Good online features on FD"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In Saraswat bank they are providing the interest around 7% per annum, the minimum amount Rs. 5000 to max, still my FD is running with this bank. The online options are excellent without visiting I can track the interest and deposit amount through online.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , pune
      Reviewed on Dec 17, 2018
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Convenient FD with HDFC"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In HDFC I can deposit for minimum of Rs. 5000 to max amount. I done the investment of one time payment around Rs.6 lakhs. I can chose the tenure period based on the convenient, it gives the interest of 7% its maximum. I can open and close the account through online.
      Was this review helpful? 6
      , pune
      Reviewed on Dec 17, 2018
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Very Good Service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I had made this investment pretty long time back and the services which they had provided so far has been good. The interest rate with them has been good and the growth with the investment has also been good. Their customer support has been helpful in guiding with everything.
      Was this review helpful? 9
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      It has been a good service which they had been providing so far and i had started this investment a log time back. Their customer support has been helpful in guiding me in the investment plans and explaining with the growth of the investment. The interest rate with them has also been good.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • Citibank Fixed Deposit
      "Not satisfied with the service"
      0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
      I had started this investment a pretty long time back and they had been providing a good service. Their customer support has not been responsive and i do not suggest any one to make an investment through them. There has not been a good growth with the investment.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good Investment Plan"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have taken fixed deposit account in STATE BANK OF INDIA . They are not charging any charges for the account . I used to get income tax benefits . Am satisfied with the customer service and response.They are giving good rate of interest . Overall am happy with my account .
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Dec 12, 2018
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Good investment plan"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have started investing in the fixed deposit almost more than 5 years. I have invested a variable amount in different times. They have offered me a interest rate of 7.5%. The response was good. I have chosen the post office because of the safe and security.
      Was this review helpful? 14
      , guwahati
      Reviewed on Dec 12, 2018
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have the fixed deposit account with the Yes bank and the interest rate they have given me is good, also the customer service is good too they have co-ordinated with me well they time to time update me about there date of pay my next fixed deposit date.On line banking services are fine one too and am really happy with them.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Dec 11, 2018
    • Axis Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Average bank to avail fixed deposit"
      0.5 4.5/5 "Excellent!"
      I have chosen the Axis bank for my fixed deposit. I have deposited around of Rs. 50000. Since they are providing very good services in their branch. They have offered me a interest rate of 6.5%. I put the money in 2015. I have visited their branch many times and the service is very much prompt. I had no issues with them.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Dec 11, 2018
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Satisfactory"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      My fixed deposit is with ICICI Bank. I had to go to the bank and meet the executive and open the account. I can close the account online. There is a lock in period for 12 to 13 months. The interest I earn is satisfactory. I have a deposit of 70K. Overall good.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , new delhi
      Reviewed on Dec 07, 2018
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