India introduced Certificates of Deposit (CDs) in 1989 to increase the range of money market instruments in the country and thereby give investors greater flexibility in terms of utilization of their short-term funds.
What is a Certificate of Deposit?
A Certificate of Deposit (CD) is a money market instrument which is issued in a dematerialised form against funds deposited in a bank for a specific period. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issues guidelines for Certificate of Deposit from time to time.
Eligibility for Certificate of Deposit:
Certificates of Deposit are issued by scheduled commercial banks and select financial institutions in India as allowed by RBI within a limit. Certificates of Deposits are issued to individuals, companies, corporations and funds among others. Certificates of Deposits can also be issued to Non-Resident Indians but on a non-repatriable basis only. It is important to note that banks and financial institutions cannot provide loans against Certificates of Deposits. Also, banks cannot buy their own Certificates of Deposits prior to the latter’s maturity. However, the aforementioned norms may be relaxed by the RBI for a specific period of time. It is important to note that banks have to maintain the statutory liquidity ratio (SLR) and cash reserve ratio (CRR) on the price of a Certificate of Deposit.
Format of Certificates of Deposit
Banks and financial institutions should issue a Certificate of Deposit in a dematerialised form only. However, investors can seek a certificate in physical form as well as per Depositories Act, 1996. In case an investor seeks a certificate in a physical form, a bank informs the Financial Markets Department, Reserve Bank of India, Mumbai. Also, a Certificate of Deposit entails stamp duty charges as well. Given that Certificates of Deposits are transferable in a physical form, banks should ensure that they are issued on good quality paper. A Certificate of Deposit has to be signed by two or more signatories (authorized).
Minimum size and maturity of a Certificate of Deposit
A certificate of deposit can only be issued for a minimum of Rs.1 lakh by a single issuer and in multiples of Rs.1 lakh. The maturity of a certificate of deposit depends on the investor. For instance, for a certificate of deposit issued by banks, the maturity period is not less than 7 days and not above one year while for financial institutions, a certificate of deposit should not be issued for less than 1 year and not above three years.
A certificate of deposit which is not held in an electronic form can be transferred by endorsement and delivery. However, a certificate of deposit held in a demat form is transferred according to guidelines followed by demat securities.
A certificate of deposit can be issued at a discount on its face value. Furthermore, banks and financial institutions can issue certificates of deposits on a floating rate basis. However, the method of calculating the floating rate should be market-based.
Banks’ fortnightly return should include certificates of deposits as per Section 42 of the RBI Act, 1934. Furthermore, banks and financial institutions should also report about certificates of deposits under the Online Returns Filing System (ORFS).
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I am having a savings account with State Bank of India hence i have selected the Fixed deposit investment scheme with them. They are providing the interest rate of 8%. I have invested the money 2 years back and there is a lockin period of 72 months.
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Reviewed on Mar 02, 2020
Kotak Mahindra bank is a reliable bank and good management thats the reason i have invested the fixed deposit scheme in this bank. They have provided me a interest rate of 7% and i have kept for the period of 1 year and 1 month. Overall, I'm satisfied with their services.
I have purchased HDFC Fixed deposit which I am renewing for every 13 months. They have given me an interest rate of 7% and There is no processing fee and there is no locking period as well. If I'm withdrawing FD amount before locking period, they are charging some amount.
I went to the nearby branch for the Punjab National Bank for taking my fixed deposit as per my family members recommendation. I have invested the money of Rs. 50000 there was a lockin duration of 6 years when i withdraw the money, i got the money of Rs.1 lakhs. They have offered me a interest rate of 7%.
I was having my savings account from Post office hence i have invested my money into Post office Fixed deposit scheme. I have invested the money of Rs. 25000. There is a lockin period of 10 years. I have invested the money in the year of 2011. Post office service is proper. Overall, I'm happy about the services.
I have invested some money as a Fixed deposit in HDFC Bank and the interest rate is not that much great because they are giving interest as compared to others. I have invested the money of Rs. 3L and there is a locking period of 5 years. Its 7% interest rate. If they are increasing the interest rate, it would be fine. Since I do all my transactions with this bank, I have selected same for my FD as well.
I have chosen my fixed deposit scheme from State bank of India because I'm maintaining my salary account with them and they provided rate of interest is fine for me. I have invested the money of Rs. 2.75 lakhs. There is a locking period of 45 days. They are giving interest rate of 4.5%. Overall, I'm satisfied with their services.
I have been investing the money of Rs. 3 lakhs for the fixed deposit. I have selected Kotak mahindra bank for the FD because their net banking facility is very different when i compared to other. I can access everything regarding the account hence its easy to handle the transactions. I'm not sure about the interest rates. 7 months before, i have invested the money.
Its because of the competitive interest rates, i have selected the Fixed deposit in Kotak Mahindra bank. I have invested the fixed deposit 1.5 years ago and there is a lockin period of 5 years. They have invested the amount of Rs. 7.5 % and the employees are helpful in the branch.
I have a Fixed deposit in Axis bank. I have invested the money of Rs. 10000 for two FDs. There is a lockin duration of 1 year. They are giving a interest rate of 7%. Through net banking, i have activated this Fixed deposit. There is no tax benefits available. Axis bank service has been good. Overall, I'm happy about their services.
Since last 15 years, i have a account with Oriental bank of commerce thats the reason i have invested the money in fixed deposit with the same bank. I have invested the amount of Rs. 11 lakhs. They are giving the interest rate of 6.5%. There is no locking period but i have chosen the duration of 1.5 years. There is no additional charges deducted for this fixed deposit.
Interest rate is very low in Indian post office Fixed deposit scheme because they are providing only 8.5%. I have chosen this office because of the child benefits. I have invested the money of Rs. 1.5 years. Its 3 years lock in period. Overall, I'm satisfied with the service provided by post office employees.
I have invested the money in SBI for a fixed deposit and based on my wife recommendation i have chosen it. They are providing the interest rate of 7.25%. They have option to select the lock in period in that i have chosen 5 years. We had visited their branch and the response was good.
Its easy accessible and to redeem so that i have invested the money in Fixed Deposit with HDFC BANK. I have invested the money of Rs. 2.5 lakhs and they have provided me a interest rate of 7.5%. There is no locking period. I didn't got any additional charges till now.
I have paid the money of Rs. 4.5 lakhs as a fixed deposit in the Indian post office. For the safety purpose, i have chosen the post office account. They are offering me a interest rate of 7.9%. There is a lockin period of 5 years. If i withdraw the money in 1 year, they will reduce the interest rate of 2% and after 3 years, its 1%.
Interest rates are less in Central Bank of India so I had taken a fixed deposit. I have invested the money of Rs. 1 lakh in my wife's name. Branch is near from my place so I have chosen this bank. Yearly once, I get the money of Rs. 6,765 for the interest. There is a locking period of 1 year.
I am doing Fixed Deposit with ICICI BANK and its been around 5years. They haven't been paying good interest and its more or less same like other banks as I used to hold my salary account with ICICI, I have decided to be with one bank. There is no locking period and its flexible. They do give good support and the app is user friendly. Even deposit account can be opened through i-mobile or net banking itself.
I had a Fixed Deposit in State Bank of India, I have completed the tenure before 3months ago. I have no issues with the customer service. They are given me 7% interest rate for 2years. There is no profit and processing fee. I got an online access, where I can check the interest rate anytime on the YONO app or else SBI online.
I have invested some money through FD. My salary account is in SBI so i have a zero ATM charges and the limit is not actually set by SBI. They do have short term FDs which is pretty good. I have invested the money of Rs. 60000 and the interest rate is 10.01% for the tenure period of 16 months. There is no lockin period. There is no hassle to getting the money back.
I have invested the money in Dena bank through Fixed deposit and the growth is not that much good. They are not taking any hidden charges. Only because of the Government undertaken bank, i have selected them. They are providing a interest rate of 6% per annum. I have invested the money of Rs. 2 lakhs. There is a lockin period of 1 year.