As of 2015, in the RBI 6th Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy Statement, a different variation of Fixed Deposit (FD) was announced known as Non-Callable Bank Fixed Deposits (FDs). According these guidelines, Axis bank, one of the leading private banks in India, launched the first non-callable fixed deposit scheme for its customers. To understand what this new concept is, it is essential that we understand what a callable fixed deposit is so that we can differentiate between the two. We can also take a look at their pros and cons which would ensure that you can make an informed decision when choosing either.
A fixed deposit is generally a deposit scheme where an amount or the whole amount can be withdrawn by the account holder prior to the maturity date of the deposit. In other words, all the fixed deposits which allow premature withdrawals are called as callable deposits. Banks may charge some amount of money as penalty for withdrawing the amount before maturity. However callable fixed deposits do not have any lock in period.
Prior the launch of non-callable fixed deposits were announced all fixed deposit schemes in India were callable.
There are certainly some major disadvantages of callable fixed deposit, which is why perhaps the alternative has been introduced:
Non-callable fixed deposits simply don’t have any lock in period. The amount that an investor invested in this product can’t be withdrawn prior to the date of maturity with the exceptions that include Bankruptcy of the account holder, winding up of business, orders by, in the case of death, etc. Also, the minimum amount for the deposits are supposed to be much higher compared to callable deposits. They have a higher premium rate of interest since the funds are blocked for the period of maturity.
There are disadvantages of non-callable fixed deposits as well, which are as follows:
The first bank to introduce a non-callable fixed deposit scheme is Axis Bank. Here are the features of the product:
The important thing to notice is that this type of FD comes with the huge minimum deposit requirement in the case of the Axis Bank which is a minimum of Rs.15, 00,001. Hence, if you have a feeling that your goal is fixed in short periods such as 1 or 2 years and you would not require such money, then you can easily deposit. Otherwise, the high interest rate is not worth it if you may be in trouble of liquidating it.
In addition, you will find that from Axis Bank’s Fixed Deposit Plus that the minimum and maximum tenure is only 1 year and 2 years respectively. Hence, you will not be able to park your cash in such deposit for few months. Also you cannot deposit the amount for more than 2 years to continue warning the interest. The difference between Axis Bank’s normal FD as compared to this Non-callable FD is just 0.10%. Hence, it might not be all that worth after all.
Therefore, if you are not one of those giant investors or who have surplus amount of money to park and which may not be required in the near future i.e. upto a couple of years these fixed deposits are not an intelligent investment.