A fixed deposit is a financial instrument where an investor gives a certain sum of money to a bank or a financial institution(company) and the entity pays interest for the duration of the deposit. The rate of interest paid varies depending on the amount and tenure. Investor’s, especially conservative investors, prefer to open fixed deposits as it is a safe investment option and it can be opened easily and quickly.
The reason why fixed deposits are an ideal form of investment are as follows:
Unlike investment in the stock market or commodity market, fixed deposits are not a risky investment as they do not depend on fluctuating market rates. Investors can rest assured that his investments are safe and he will be getting back a guaranteed amount at the end of the tenure.
The amount that is invested in fixed deposit can be withdrawn at any time for a small penalty. The investor may have a financial emergency to meet financial needs during marriage, sickness or when his business is in loss. The penalty is less than that of selling stocks or real estate as the asset cannot be sold easily because of its high value and if you are in a distressed situation, you will sell it for a much lower rate. Whereas, fixed deposits can be withdrawn at any time and all you lose is a certain interest income.
Fixed deposits can be taken for a tenure of 1 month or 1 year or 10 years based on your needs and for whatever amount that you can invest. Fixed deposits can be invested for a tenure of your choice. If you have planned for a big event in 5 years, then you can have a fixed deposit kept for 5 years to meet your financial requirement in 5 years. You can have various fixed deposit accounts to save for different goals.
Fixed deposits require you to keep the amount for a certain period to accumulate the said interest amount. This encourages the saving habit of an individual. He will not be tempted to spend the money and find a way to manage his finances more efficiently.
The interest rate offered on fixed deposits are higher than that on savings account. It is also a safe form of investment where returns are guaranteed.
Interest can be paid at different intervals depending on the term you choose. Interest rates are paid at maturity, annually or monthly. Monthly and annual interest rate pay-out ensure that you have the extra income flow and can be reinvested for higher maturity benefits.
Yes, you can avail a loan against your FD. However, you cannot do the same in the case of tax-saver FDs.
You can invest in Fixed Deposits or FDs if you fall under any one of the following categories – residents, sole traders, Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs), Limited companies, Group companies, Partnership firms, family trusts, clubs, associations, societies, minors, and so on.
You can avail a loan amount of 60% to 90% of the deposited amount through a fixed deposit.
The maximum limit of tax savings under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961 for fixed deposits is Rs.1.5 lakh per annum.
Yes, in most cases senior citizens are eligible for higher rates of interest on their fixed deposit accounts. Typically, the rates are 0.5% to 0.75% higher than the regular rates of interest.
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