Types of Motor Vehicles Permit in India

Types of permits available for motor vehicles in India and the conditions to be met

The permits provided for motors vehicles operating on Indian roads is divided varies depending upon the type of vehicle. The type of vehicle as far as permits are considered, is divided into goods vehicles and passenger vehicles. In this page, permits available for the two class of vehicles will be looked at in detail.

Permits available for goods vehicles

The different types of permits available for a goods vehicle are as follows:

  • Goods carrier permits:

    A goods carrier permit can be obtained by the owner of a goods vehicle under Section 79 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 if the vehicle is in operation within the state. This permit is applicable only for a specified area in the state.
  • Counter Signatures of Goods Carrier permits:

    Counter signatures of Goods Carrier permits is issued in one state and is valid in another state provided it is approved by the state regional transport authority in that state. Under section 88 of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, since January 5 2006 in Delhi, counter signatures of goods carrier permits will not be given to goods vehicles that are registered in another state and have a gross weight of upto 7500 kg if they are not operating on a clean fuel.
  • National permits:

    A national permit is issued to a goods vehicle which requires to move out of the home state. A national permit is issued for at least four states in continuation taking the home state into account as per rule 86 and 87 of the Central Motor Vehicles Rule, 1989. To obtain a national permit, the age of the goods vehicle should not be more than 12 years and the age of a multi axle vehicle should not be more than 15 years. To apply for a national permit for a goods vehicle, the applicant has to fill the form via Form 46 and Form 48.

Permits available for passenger vehicles

The different types of permits available for a passenger vehicle are as follows:

  • Auto Rickshaw and Taxi permits:

    Auto Rickshaw and Taxi permits are issued to auto rickshaws and taxis in the region of Delhi by MLO Burari. The fare levied by these vehicles is calculated via a meter mounted. The fares for auto rickshaw and taxi are as follows:
Type of vehicle Fare
Auto Rickshaw Rs.8 for the first kilometer and Rs.3.50 for every kilometer after that.
Taxi Rs.10 for the first kilometer and Rs.5 for every kilometer after that.
  • Maxicab permit:

    A Maxicab permit is issued to a type of vehicle that takes passengers via a fixed route in Delhi. The fares are decided by the STA and the capacity of the vehicle including the driver should not exceed more than 13.
  • Phat Phat sewa:

    A Phat Phat sewa permit was earlier issued to motor vehicles that were three wheeled and had harley davidson engines. Now Phat Phat sewa permits are issued to vehicles that ply on a fixed route and have a maximum capacity of 10 people including the driver. The fares are determined by the STA.
  • Eco friendly sewa:

    The eco friendly sewa permit is issued to vehicles that have three wheels and run on battery. These vehicles can have a seating capacity upto 11 including the driver.
  • Contract Carriage Buses Permits (Chartered Buses):

    A Contract Carriage Buses Permits (Chartered Buses) is the most common type of permit issued in the mould of hire and reward purpose. A contract is signed between the holder of the permit and the operator of the vehicle which allows the bus to be driven from one location to another on a fixed route. The driver of the bus should possess the list of passengers travelling in the chartered bus. The driver cannot allow any other passenger other than the names mentioned on the list to travel on the chartered bus. Contract Carriage Buses Permits (Chartered Buses) ar issued under section 74 of Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. An applicant for this permit via PCA form.
  • Stage carriage permits:

    Stage carriage permits are issued by the government of Delhi to buses that travel on different routes of the city picking up passengers. The Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) buses and private buses come under this category. Stage carriage permits are issued under section 70 of Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. The fares are determined by STA. The fares are as follows:
Distance Fee levied
Upto 4 Kilometers Rs.2.00
From 4 to 8 Kilometers Rs.5.00
From 8 to 12 Kilometers Rs.7.00
From 12 to 16 Kilometers and above Rs.10.00
  • Temporary permits:

    Temporary permits are issued to vehicles under section 87 of Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. It allows the vehicle to operate outside of Delhi for a limited period of time. The circumstances in which a vehicle is issued a temporary permit are as follows:
  1. If the vehicle is travelling outside of the city and carrying passengers for a religious event or convention.
  2. If the vehicle is travelling outside of the city for the purpose of seasonal business.
  3. If the vehicle is travelling outside of the city so that a person can apply for the renewal of a permit or to resolve a pending decision.

To obtain a permit for motor cabs, the following criteria should be met:

  1. The colour of the cab should be white.
  2. Its seating capacity should be five.
  3. The applicant applying for this permit should have an office with a telephone at a suitable location such that passengers can book it.
  4. The applicant should have the finances to buy the vehicle for which he or she is applying for a permit. Also, the applicant should have adequate parking space for the parking of vehicles.
  • Rent a cab permits:

    Rent a cab scheme was launched in India in 1989. To obtain a Rent a cab permit, the following criteria should be met by the applicant:
  1. The applicant should possess a 24 hour telephone.
  2. The applicant should have adequate parking space.
  3. The applicant should have experience of transport and passenger business.
  4. The applicant should at least be the owner of 50 cabs and 50% of them should be air conditioned.
  5. The passenger tax is paid in the state of operation by the applicant.
  • Institution/School Buses:

    Under the societies act of 1960, Institution/School Buses permits are provided to vehicles that are owned by educational institutions. The vehicles are painted in golden yellow color and also exempted from road tax.
  • All India Tourist Permit (AITP):

    For a vehicle to obtain All India Tourist Permit (AITP) the criteria to be met is as follows: If the vehicle is a bus, it should be a luxury bus which is white in color. It should have a blue ribbon which is 5 cms wide that is placed at the center of the exterior of the body of the bus. The word ‘Tourist’ is to be included on the two sides of the vehicle.

The national permit for a vehicle expires in 9 years from the date of its issue for a motor cab and 8 years for any vehicle other than the motor cab. If the motor vehicle is replaced by another vehicle that is not older than 2 years, no renewal is required. Also it essential for the vehicle to be equipped with public address system, drinking water, push full back seats, fans, curtains, a separate driver cabin etc.

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