The General elections to decide who will in power for the next 5 years in the largest democracy in the world will take place in the month of April or May 2019. The winners of the election will constitute the 17th lok sabha. There are total 543 seats up for grabs in the general election that will be contested by the candidates.
Election in India
The Republic of India has a federal government. Elections are held to choose officials at local, state and federal levels in this country. The Lok Sabha members elect the Prime Minister of the country, who acts as the head of the government.
The Election Commission of India conducts the elections. The Lok Sabha members are chosen through general elections that take place every 5 years. The Rajya Sabha members, on the other hand, are chosen by all the elected members of the state legislative assemblies and Union Territory Electoral College. The Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Parliament and the Rajya Sabha is its upper house.
List of upcoming elections in India in 2020
|Name of the state||Date of term completion||Month of election proposed as per election commission||Number of seats to be contested in the election|
|NCT Delhi||22/02/2020||Feb 2020||70|
List of upcoming elections in India
India is the largest democracy in the world and with it being divided into 29 states and 7 union territories, assembly elections are a regular event. In 2017, assembly elections took place in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Goa, Punjab and Manipur. Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh and in the next two years, legislative assembly elections in no less than 14 states are to take place with the Election Commission already having decided the months in which they will happen.
As far as the lok sabha elections are concerned, the last lok sabha elections were held in the year, 2014 and the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) formed the government under the leadership of Narendra Modi who became the prime minister. The next Lok Sabha elections will be held next year with all the alliances and coalitions already preparing for what would be a tightly contested battle.
List of states in which elections are scheduled in the next two years
The list of states in India in which assembly elections have been scheduled by the election commission in the next two to three years are:
|Name of the state||Date of term completion||Month of election proposed as per election commission||Number of seats to be contested in the election|
|Mizoram||15/12/2018||April or May 2018||40|
|Rajasthan||20/01/2019||Oct or Nov 2018||200|
|Chhattisgarh||05/01/2019||Dec 2018 or Jan 2019||90|
|Madhya Pradesh||07/01/2019||Dec 2018 or Jan 2019||232|
|Sikkim||27/05/2019||Apr or May 2019||32|
|Arunachal Pradesh||01/06/2019||Apr or May 2019||60|
|Telangana||08/06/2019||May or Jun 2019||119|
|Odisha||11/06/2019||May or Jun 2019||147|
|Andhra Pradesh||18/06/2019||May or Jun 2019||175|
|Haryana||02/11/2019||Sep or Oct 2019||90|
|Maharashtra||09/11/2019||Sep or Oct 2019||288|
|Jharkhand||05/01/2020||Nov or Dec 2020||81|
|NCT Delhi||22/02/2020||Jan or Feb 2021||70|
|Jammu and Kashmir||16/03/2021||Jan or Feb 2021||87|
The table below includes the states where the legislative assembly elections have already taken place:
|Assambly Election Held in 2018|
|Name of the state||Date of polling||Date of counting||Number of constituencies|
Elections to elect the ruling party in state of Karnataka were held on 12 May 2018. The voting for the 222 seats in the state was conducted in a single phase by the election commission.
- The election for 222 constituencies was held on 12 May 2018.
- The turn out for the elections was recorded at 72.13% which is the highest it has ever been since the elections in 1952.
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) emerged as the single largest party winning 104 seats although it could not achieve majority.
- Indian National Congress (INC) won 79 seats, and JDS, the regional party, winning 38 seats.
- The magic number required for forming a government in Karnataka is 113. The BJP fell short of the majority mark.
- Instead, INC and JDS came together to form a coalition government.
- This was not without controversy as both BJP and Congress were locked in a tussle to grab power in one of the most important states in the country.
- Representatives of both the groups willing to form the government met with the Governor of Karnataka.
- Some of the important dates of the Karnataka state elections were:
|Event||Date of the event||Day|
|Filing for nomination by the candidate||17/04/2018||Tuesday|
|Last date for filing for nomination by the candidate||24/04/2018||Tuesday|
|Verification of the details provided by the nominees||25/04/2018||Wednesday|
|Last date for withdrawal of candidature||27/04/2018||Friday|
|Date of election||12/05/2018||Saturday|
|Date of the counting of votes||15/05/2018||Tuesday|
|Date before which all the formalities of the election were completed||31/05/2018||Thursday|
The elections for the State of Tripura were held in the month of February this year. BJP emerged as the single largest party by winning 35 out of the 60 seats and formed the government under the leadership of Biplab Kumar Deb.
- On February 18, elections for 59 out of the 60 constituencies was held.
- The only constituency in Tripura where elections were not held was Charilam due to the death of the Communist party MLA, Ramendra Narayan Debbarma. The election for the constituency had been postponed to 12 March.
- Out of the 60 constituencies that fall under the state of Tripura, 20 are reserved for scheduled tribes, 10 for scheduled caste and the remaining 30 are for the general category.
- As per the data provided by the Tripura State Election Commission, the number of registered voters in the list was 25,69,216. Out of the these, 12,65,785 were female voters.
- The turnout for the elections was excellent and stood at 92%.
- 3,214 polling stations were set up across state to conduct the elections.
- To get a clear majority in the elections and form the government, a party or coalition needed 31 out of the 60 seats.
Elections in the State of Meghalaya were held on 27 February 2018. The results of the elections were declared on 3 March 2018.
- There are a total of 60 constituencies in Meghalaya out of which elections were conducted in 59 of them.
- Williamnagar was the only constituency where the elections were not held due to the death of MLA Jonathone Sangma. He was a member of the National Congress Party (NCP).
- A total of 18,42,163 voters were registered to vote in the election.
- Out of the total number of registered voters, 9,12,849 were men and 9,29,314 were women.
- A total of 3,082 polling booths were set up across the state.
- The voter turnout for the elections was recorded at 87%.
- Some of the important days in the election were:
|Filing of nomination||31 January 2018||Wednesday|
|Last date of filing for nomination||7 February 2018||Wednesday|
|Date on which details of the candidate are verified||8 February 2018||Thursday|
|Last date for candidature withdrawal||12 February 2018||Monday|
|Date of vote casting||27 February 2018||Tuesday|
|Date of vote counting||3 March 2018||Saturday|
|Last date of conducting the elections||5 March 2018||Monday|
The legislative elections in the state of Nagaland were held recently on 27 February 2018. The schedule for the legislative elections in Nagaland was as follows:
|Event to be held||Date||Day|
|Starting date for candidates to file nominations||31/01/2018||Wednesday|
|Last date for candidates to file nominations||07/02/2018||Wednesday|
|Date on which details of nominees will be verified||08/02/2018||Thursday|
|Last date before which candidates can withdraw their nomination||12/02/2018||Monday|
|Date of election||27/02/2018||Tuesday|
|Date on which the polled votes are counted||03/03/2018||Saturday|
|Date before which all the formalities of the election are counted||05/03/2018||Monday|
- A total of 9 parties and 11 independent candidates contested in the Nagaland Legislative assembly elections, 2018.
- In the election results, National People’s Front emerged as the single largest party by winning 27 of the 60 seats.
- But it was the coalition of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and National Democratic Progressive Party (NDPP) that formed the government after reaching the magic number with help from two independent candidates.
- Both the alliance between BJP and NDPP and NPF bagged 29 seats in the legislative election.
- Indian National Congress (INC), one of the major political parties in the country was unable to win even a single seat in the legislative elections.
- NDPP, which formed the government along with BJP, was formed only a few months prior to the elections by then former chief minister Neiphiu Rio.
Rajya Sabha elections were held in this year to elect members to replace the retiring members of the upper house of the parliament. The specific dates for election of members of Rajya Sabha belonging to different states was different.
Rajya Sabha Elections 2018 Schedule
- The date for the election of 3 members from Delhi and 1 member from Sikkim was set at 23/03/2018.
- The date for the election of 58 members from 16 states and 1 member from Kerala for the by elections was set at 23/03/2018.
- The date for electing 3 members from Kerala was set at 21/06/2018.
List of seats available in Rajya Sabha
|Name of the State or Union Territory||Number of Members Retiring||Retirement Date|
The Punjab legislative assembly elections were held on February 4 in 2017. The elections were held for 117 seats in the state. The major political parties in the state contesting for the power were Shiromani Akali Dal and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the coalition against Indian National Congress (INC). Aam Aadmi Party also contested the elections but did not get much joy. Captain Amrinder Singh was sworn in the chief minister after INC won the majority in the state. The voter turnout for the elections was recorded at 76.83%.
Important dates in Punjab legislative assembly elections, 2017
- The election was held on February 4, 2017. The voting date for the legislative assembly elections in Punjab fell on a Saturday.
- The votes polled in the Punjab legislative election was counted on 11 March 2017. The date fell on a Saturday.
- The government in power before the legislative elections in the state ended its operations on 18 March.
Features of the election
- The number of total registered voters eligible to vote in the Punjab legislative elections was recorded at 1.9 crores.
- The number of male registered voters for the election was recorded at 1.05 crore.
- The number of female registered voters for the election was recorded at 94 lakhs.
- The major issues to come up in the legislative elections were that of drug use, drug peddling, road rage, violence against Dalits and the 1984 riots against Sikhs.
- The election results saw Indian National Congress (INC) receive 38.5% of the total votes polled and win 77 out of the 117 seats in all. INC had a remarkable victory in the elections. Congress fielded candidates in all the 117 constituencies.
- Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) surprisingly emerged as the second largest party in the elections grabbing 23.7% of the total votes and winning 20 seats. It fielded candidates in 112 out of 117 constituencies.
- The coalition of Shiromani Akali Dal and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) together won almost five times fewer seats than the Indian National Congress. The number of seats won by the coalition was recorded at 18. The coalition contested the election in all the 117 seats.
Gujarat legislative assembly elections for the year 2017 were held in two phases, on December 9 and 14 of last year. The elections were held for 182 constituencies in the state. One of the most uniques things about the legislative assembly elections that were held in the state was the usage of Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) machines in all the polling booths.
Schedule for Gujarat legislative assembly elections, 2017
|Event||Phase 1||Phase 2|
|Date of notification||14/11/2017||20/11/2017|
|Last date for filing of nomination by the candidate||21/11/2017||27/11/2017|
|Date for verification of details provided by the candidate||22/11/2017||28/11/2017|
|Last date for withdrawal of candidature||24/11/2017||30/11/2017|
|Date on which votes are to be polled||09/12/2017||14/12/2017|
|Date on which votes will be counted||18/12/2017||18/12/2017|
|Date before which all the formalities of the election will be completed||20/12/2017||20/12/2017|
Gujarat legislative assembly elections, 2017 statistics
- As per data provided by the election commission, before September 25, 2017, there were 43.3 million registered voters in the state.
- The number of male registered voters was recorded at 2,25,57,032.
- The number of female registered voters was recorded at 2,07,57,032.
- The number of transgender registered voters was recorded at 169.
Gujarat legislative assembly elections, 2017 results
- Out of the 182 seats up for grabs, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) emerged as the single largest party after the results were announced and won 99 seats. They won 49.1% of the total votes polled in the election.
- The Indian National Congress (INC) emerged as the second largest party in the elections. They won 77 seats and secured 41.4% of the total votes.
- Vijay Rupani of the BJP was elected as the 16th Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat
The Himachal Pradesh legislative assembly elections in 2017 were held for 68 constituencies. The fight for power in the North Indian state was a direct tussle between the Indian National Congress (INC) and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). BJP emerged as the single largest party in the legislative assembly elections and Jai Ram Thakur was elected as the chief minister of the state.
Important dates for Himachal Pradesh legislative assembly elections, 2017
Some of the important dates for Himachal Pradesh legislative assembly elections, 2017 were:
|Event||Date of the event||Day of the event|
|Candidates filing nominations||16/10/2017||Monday|
|Last date for candidates to file nominations||23/10/2017||Monday|
|Verification of the details of nominees||24/10/2017||Tuesday|
|Last date for a candidate to withdraw his or her name||26/10/2017||Thursday|
|Date of polling votes||09/11/2017||Thursday|
|Date of counting of votes||18/12/2017||Monday|
|Last date before which all the formalities of the election have to be completed||20/12/2017||Wednesday|
Himachal Pradesh legislative assembly elections, 2017 statistics
- Over 5 million voters are registered in the state.
- 7,521 polling stations were set up by the election commission in Himachal Pradesh for the elections.
- The number of male voters in Himachal Pradesh was recorded at 2,531,321.
- The number of female voters was recorded at 2,457,032.
Himachal Pradesh legislative assembly elections, 2017 results
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) emerged as the single largest party in the state grabbing 48.8% of the total votes polled in the legislative assembly election.
- BJP won a whopping 44 out of the 68 seats and comfortably claimed majority in the state.
- Indian National Congress won 21 seats but won 41.7% of the total votes polled.
- Being the largest party in the state, BJP formed the government.
The Manipur legislative assembly elections, 2017 were held in two phases. The term of the legislative assembly in power during the period of elections ended on March 18, 2017. The legislative assembly elections were held in all 60 constituencies of the state. The Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) machines were used in four constituencies across the state.
Manipur legislative assembly elections, 2017 schedule
The schedule for the Manipur legislative assembly elections, 2017 was as follows:
|Event||Phase 1||Phase 2|
|Date of notification||07/02/2017||09/02/2017|
|Last date for filing nomination for candidates||14/02/2017||16/02/2017|
|Verification of details of nominees||16/02/2017||17/02/2017|
|Last date for withdrawal of candidature||18/02/2017||20/02/2017|
|Date on which votes were polled||04/03/2017||08/03/2017|
|Date on which votes were counted||11/03/2017||11/03/2017|
|Last date before which all the formalities of the elections are completed||15/03/2017||15/03/2017|
Manipur legislative assembly elections, 2017 results
- The results of the elections were declared on 11/03/2017.
- Indian National Congress (INC) emerged as the single largest party after the election results were announced. It emerged victorious in 28 out of the 60 seats and grabbed 35.1% of the total votes polled in the election.
- Although Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) received a larger share of votes than INC, it was only able to win 21 out of the 60 seats up for grabs in the election.
- The government was formed by a coalition between the BJP, Naga People’s Front, the National People’s Party and the Lok Janshakti Party.
- N Biren Singh was elected as the chief minister of the state.
The legislative assembly elections for the state of Uttarakhand were held on 15 February 2017. A total of 69 constituencies were up for grabs in the elections out of 70 constituencies. Due to the demise of BSP candidate Kuldeep Kanwasi in a road accident, the election in the constituency of Karnaprayag was postponed till 09/03/2017.
Important dates in Uttarakhand legislative assembly elections, 2017
Some of the important dates in Uttarakhand legislative assembly, 2017 were:
|Filing of nominations by prospective candidates||20/01/2017||Friday|
|Last date for Filing of nominations by prospective candidates||27/01/2017||Friday|
|Last date for verification of nominations filed by prospective candidates||30/01/2017||Monday|
|Last date for withdrawal of candidature||01/02/2017||Wednesday|
|Polling of votes||15/02/2017||Wednesday|
|Counting of votes||11/03/2017||Saturday|
|Last date before which all the formalities of the election will be completed||15/03/2017||Wednesday|
Uttarakhand legislative assembly elections, 2017 statistics
- Total number of voters registered in the Uttarakhand legislative assembly elections was recorded at 75,92,996.
- The number of male voters recorded for the elections was at 39,23,492.
- The number of female voters recorded for the elections stood at 35,72,029.
- The number of transgender voters recorded for the elections was 151.
- A total of 10,854 polling stations were set up in the state for the legislative assembly elections.
Uttarakhand legislative assembly elections, 2017 results
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) turned out to be the single largest party in the election. It grabbed 46.5% of the total votes polled.
- BJP won 57 of the 70 seats that were contested in the elections.
- Indian National Congress (INC) and independent candidates were the only other entities to win seats in the election.
- Congress won 11 seats with 33.5% of the total votes polled in its favor.
- Independent candidates received 2.4% of the total votes polled.
The Goa legislative assembly elections were held in the month of February, last year. The elections were held for 40 constituencies across the state. Despite Indian National Congress (INC) winning more seats than any other party, it was a coalition led by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Goa Forward Party (GFP) that formed the government.
Important dates in Goa legislative assembly elections, 2017
Some of the important dates in the Goa legislative assembly elections were:
- The polling for Goa legislative assembly elections were held on February 4, 2017.
- The results for the elections were declared on March 11, 2017.
- The term of the government in power ended on March 18, 2017.
Results of Goa legislative assembly elections, 2017
- The results for Goa elections came on March 11, 2017.
- Indian National Congress (INC) emerged as the single largest party in the state by winning 17 out of 40 seats. INC secured 28.4% of the total votes.
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) secured 13 seats in the elections and received 32.5% of the total votes polled.
- Out of the other regional political parties, the Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party (MGP) secured 3 seats and 11.3% of the total votes.
- Although Indian National Congress (INC) secured the most seats in the elections, the government was formed by a coalition of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Goa Forward Party (GFP).
- Manohar Parrikar, ex-defense minister, was sworn in as the chief minister of Goa for the second time.
The Indian Presidential election was held on 17 July, 2017 and Ram Nath Kovind was elected as the 14th president of India. He was at that time the governor of Bihar. Ram Nath Kovind succeeded Pranab Mukherjee as the president of the country. He was up against Meira Kumar, the candidate of Indian National Congress (INC). After being elected as president of India, Ram Nath Kovind assumed his responsibilities as president on 25 July, 2017. The president serves a term of 5 years.
Procedure of election
- The procedure for the election of the president is done via an electoral college.
- The electoral college is made of elected members of both the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha in addition to the members who have been elected from the union territories of Delhi and Puducherry.
- The electoral college has 777 members of parliament and 4,120 members of the legislative assembly.
- The voting power of a member of parliament depends on the specific state to which he or she belongs. Greater the population of the state, greater is the power of the vote polled in the presidential election by the electoral member.
- A total number of 1,098,903 votes were polled in the presidential elections.
- The majority mark stands at 549,452 votes.
- For a candidate to be eligible for nomination for the post of President in India, the candidate must be subscribed by at least 50 electors of the electoral college as a proposer and by 50 electors as seconders.
- The votes by members of the electoral college are polled in a secret ballot box.
- The officer in charge of the conduction of the elections was Anoop Mishra, general secretary of Lok Sabha.
Results of the presidential election, 2017
- Out of the total electoral votes and individual votes polled in the presidential election, 2017, Ram Nath Kovind won 702,044 and 2930 votes respectively.
- Meira Kumar, opposition to Ram Nath Kovind, won 367,214 electoral votes and 1,844 individual votes.
- A total of 77 individual and 20,942 electoral votes were discarded from affecting the result due to them being invalid.
The elections to elect the new vice-president of India were conducted on 5 August 2017. Venkaiah Naidu was sworn in as the 13th vice president of India after winning the election. Venkaiah Naidu succeeded Mohammad Hamid Ansari as the vice-president. The swearing-in ceremony of the vice president took place in Darbar Hall, Rashtrapati Bhavan. The election of vice-president has huge significance as the vice-president presides as speaker of Rajya Sabha and assumes the role of the president if the president is out of the country for 6 months or more.
- Just like the presidential elections, the vice-president is also elected by an electoral college.
- The electoral college comprises of members of both the houses of parliament. 543 members from Lok Sabha in addition to two members that have been nominated along with 233 elected members from Rajya Sabha in addition to two nominated members formed the electoral college for the vice-presidential election.
- The members of the house that have been specially nominated are also eligible to vote in the election.
- The voting is conducted via a secret ballot box and the votes are marked by the eligible voters using a special pen.
- The conducting officer for the vice-presidential election, 2017 was Shumsher K Sheriff.
- Out of the total votes polled in the vice-presidential election, Venkaiah Naidu, a candidate of the National Democratic Alliance earned 67.89% of the total votes polled which equated to 516 electoral votes.
- Naidu’s only opposition for the post of vice-president was Gopalkrishna Gandhi who fought the election as an independent candidate. He received 32.11% of the total votes which equated to 244 electoral votes.
- A total of 790 votes were polled out of which 760 were valid. There were 11 invalid votes polled and there were 14 absentees.
Political Parties in India:
The Republic of India consists of several political parties. They come with different ideologies and beliefs. Some of the prominent political parties in India re mentioned below:
- Telugu Desam Party or TDP
- Swatantra Party or SWA
- Samajwadi Party or SP
- Socialist Party of SOC
- Rashtriya Lok Dal or RLD
- Praja Socialist Party or PSP
- Janata Dal United or JD(U)
- Indian National Congress or INC
- Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam or DMK
- Communist Party of India (Marxist) or CPI(M)
- Communist Party of India or CPI
- Bharatiya Lok Dal or BLD
- Trinamool Congress or TMC
- Bharatiya Janata Party or BJP