Election Results

All you need to know about the upcoming Lok Sabha elections

The 17th Lok Sabha elections are scheduled to be held anytime around April or May, in 2019. In total, the candidates all over the country from various political parties will contest for as many as 543 seats. In addition to this, the president of India will nominate two members. To gain a majority in the lower house of the parliament and to be eligible to form the government at the centre, a party or a coalition needs to win at least 272 out of 543 seats.

Breakdown of Lok Sabha seats per state

Here are the complete schedule of Election dates 2019

Name of the state Term starting on date Term ending on date Number of Lok Sabha seats Number of legislative assembly seats Number of seats in Rajya Sabha
ANDHRA PRADESH 19.06.2014 18.06.2019 25 175 11
ARUNACHAL PRADESH 02.06.2014 01.06.2019 2 60 1
ASSAM 01.06.2016 31.05.2021 14 126 7
BIHAR 30.11.2015 29.11.2020 40 243 16
CHHATTISGARH 06.01.2014 05.01.2019 11 90 5
GOA 16.03.2017 15.03.2022 2 40 1
GUJARAT 19.02.2018 18.02.2023 26 182 11
HARYANA 03.11.2014 02.11.2019 10 90 5
HIMACHAL PRADESH 09.01.2018 08.01.2023 4 68 3
JAMMU & KASHMIR* 17.03.2015 16.03.2021 6 87 4
JHARKHAND 06.01.2015 05.01.2020 14 81 6
KARNATAKA - - 28 224 12
KERALA 02.06.2016 01.06.2021 20 140 9
MADHYA PRADESH 08.01.2014 07.01.2019 29 230 11
MAHARASHTRA 10.11.2014 09.11.2019 48 288 19
MANIPUR 20.03.2017 19.03.2022 2 60 1
MEGHALAYA 16.03.2018 15.03.2023 2 60 1
MIZORAM 16.12.2013 15.12.2018 1 40 1
NAGALAND 13.03.2018 12.03.2023 1 60 1
NCT DELHI 23.02.2015 22.02.2020 7 70 3
ODISHA 12.06.2014 11.06.2019 21 147 10
PUDUCHERRY 09.06.2016 08.06.2021 1 30 1
PUNJAB 28.03.2017 27.03.2022 13 117 7
RAJASTHAN 21.01.2014 20.01.2019 25 200 10
SIKKIM 28.05.2014 27.05.2019 1 32 1
TAMIL NADU 25.05.2016 24.05.2021 39 234 18
TELANGANA 09.06.2014 08.06.2019 17 119 7
TRIPURA 23.03.2018 22.03.2023 2 60 1
UTTAR PRADESH 15.05.2017 14.05.2022 80 403 31
UTTARAKHAND 24.03.2017 23.03.2022 5 70 3
WEST BENGAL 31.05.2016 30.05.2021 42 294 16
One seat each for UTs of ANI, CH, DNH, DD and LKD 5
Nominated Members in Rajya Sabha 12
Nominated Members in Lok Sabha 2
Total 545 4120 245

The competitors

The Lok Sabha elections will be contested between three major coalitions in the country. They are:

The National Democratic Alliance (NDA):

  • The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is the coalition of centre and right ideology political parties in India. It was formed in 1998 and had 13 members at the time. The coalition returned to power in the 2014 general elections with 38.5% of the total share of votes. Narendra Modi was sworn in as the prime minister. The NDA does not have a Politburo or a governing structure in place. Instead all the important decisions such as sharing of seats in the election, who should be allocated what ministry and the issues to be raised in the parliament. The coalition does have a convener who looks after the proceedings and solves disputes among the member political parties on different issues. Currently, Chandrababu Naidu of TDP is the convener of NDA.
  • Prime Minister candidate: The prime minister candidate for NDA will be Narendra Modi. Being the undisputed choice, the current prime minister will be bidding for his second term in the office. Narendra Modi has long been a member of BJP and became the chief minister of Gujarat in 2001.

    Currently, political parties who are members of the NDA coalition are:

    Name of the political party Number of MPs in Lok Sabha The base state
    Bharatiya Janata Party 274 (271 elected, 2 nominate by the president of India and 1 speaker) National party
    Shiv Sena 18 Maharashtra
    Lok Janshakti Party 6 Bihar,Manipur
    Shiromani Akali Dal 4 Punjab
    Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 3 Bihar
    Apna Dal 2 Uttar Pradesh
    Pattali Makkal Katchi 1 Tamil Nadu
    All India N.R. Congress 1 Puducherry
    Naga People's Front 0 Nagaland
    Republican Party of India (A) 0 Maharashtra
    Bodoland People's Front 0 Assam
    Janata Dal (United) 2 Bihar
    Sikkim Democratic Front 1 Sikkim
    Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party 1 Nagaland
    National People's Party 0 Meghalaya
    Mizo National Front 0 Mizoram
    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha 0 Maharashtra
    Shiv Sangram 0 Maharashtra
    Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi 0 Tamil Nadu
    Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi 0 Tamil Nadu
    Puthiya Needhi Katchi 0 Tamil Nadu
    Jana Sena Party 0 Telangana,Andhra Pradesh
    Gorkha Janmukti Morcha 0 West Bengal
    Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party 0 Goa
    Goa Forward Party 0 Goa
    Goa Vikas Party 0 Goa
    All Jharkhand Students Union 0 Jharkhand
    Indigenous People's Front of Tripura 0 Tripura
    Manipur Peoples Party 0 Manipur
    Kamtapur People's Party 0 West Bengal
    Jammu and Kashmir People's Conference 0 Jammu and Kashmir
    Kerala Congress (Thomas) 0 Kerala
    Bharath Dharma Jana Sena 0 Kerala
    Asom Gana Parishad 0 Assam
    Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy 0 Kerala
    People's Party of Arunachal 0 Arunachal Pradesh
    United Democratic Party 0 Meghalaya
    Hill State People's Democratic Party 0 Meghalaya
    Praja Socialist Party 0 Kerala
    Janadhipathya Rashtriya Sabha 0 Kerala
    Kerala Vikas Congress 0 Kerala
    Pravasi Nivasi Party 0 Kerala
    Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party 0 Uttar Pradesh
    Kerala Congress (Nationalist) 0 Kerala
    People's Democratic Front 0 Meghalaya
    Manipur Democratic People's Front 0 Manipur

    United Progressive Alliance (UPA):

  • The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) is the coalition of centre and left ideological parties in the country. Currently, Sonia Gandhi is the chairperson of UPA. The last time the coalition was in power was back in 2009 when Manmohan Singh became the prime minister of the country. Since then it has been taking its place as the opposition in the parliament.
  • Prime Minister candidate: The prime minister candidate for UPA is Rahul Gandhi. He is also the current party president of Congress which is the leader of the UPA coalition. This is the first time that Rahul Gandhi will compete for the post of prime minister.

    The members of the UPA coalition are:

    Name of the political party Number of MPs in Lok Sabha The base state
    Indian National Congress 48 National Party
    Nationalist Congress Party 7 National Party
    Rashtriya Janata Dal 3 Bihar
    Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 0 Tamil Nadu
    Indian Union Muslim League 2 Kerala
    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 2 Jharkhand
    Janata Dal (Secular) 1 Karnataka
    Kerala Congress (M) 1 Kerala
    Rashtriya Lok Dal 1 Uttar Pradesh
    Revolutionary Socialist Party 1 Kerala
    Communist Marxist Party (John) 0 Kerala
    Kerala Congress (Jacob) 0 Kerala
    Peace Party of India 0 Uttar Pradesh
    Mahan Dal 0 Uttar Pradesh

    • The third front: The third front refers to an alliance formed by political parties that neither wants to be part of the NDA nor the UPA coalition. Since 1989, the third front has seen many political parties join and leave the coalition in order to be at the helm of governance in the country. Over the years, the third front has fought the Lok Sabha elections under different names. Some of these are The National Front which lasted from 1989 to 1991 under the leadership of N.T. Rama Rao of Janata Dal and The United Front which was in power from 1996 to 1998. Historically, the governments formed by third front political parties have been unstable due to varying difference of opinion and the absence of a major political party. Currently, the Third Front is known as the federal front with parties such as Trinamool Congress (TMC) and Telugu Desam Party (TDP) leading the way for a three-way fight against NDA and UPA in the general elections in 2019.

    Opinion polls for general elections Results 2019

    The opinion polls conducted by various polling agencies of the general elections 2019 over the past three years are as follows:

    Date of the opinion poll Name of the polling agency NDA UPA Others Lead of the winning coalition
    August 2018 India Today- Karvy 255, 228,281 248,224,122 46, 91, 140 7, 4, 141
    May 2018 ABP News-CSDS 274 164 105 110
    Jan 2018 Republic-C,VoterIndia Today 335 89 119 216
    Jan 2018 ABP News-CSDS 309 102 132 177
    Jan 2018 India Today 301 127 115 174
    August 2017 India Today 349 75 119 230
    Jan 2017 India Today 370 60 123 237
    Aug 2016 India Today 304 94 145 159
    Feb 2016 India Today 286 110 147 139
    Aug 2015 India Today 288 81 174 114
    April to May 2014 General elections 2014 336 60 147 276

    New initiatives introduced by election commission for general elections in 2019

    • In order to encourage more voters to come out and vote, the election commission is going to great limits to make the upcoming Lok Sabha elections accessible for everyone.
    • Specially-abled people have difficulties during the day of polling. EC is taking steps to ensure that the physically challenged do not feel uncomfortable while polling.
    • The election commission also conducted a two-day national consultation on accessible elections where discussions were held between the state level and district level election commission officers on how to increase the voter turnout.
    • The voting equipment that will be used in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections namely, Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) and Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail machines (VVPAT) are the most advanced they have ever been.
    • The trail of the vote polled by the voter in the machine cannot be traced. This will prevent machine fraud and ensure the results of the elections are genuine.
    • Also, the number of EVMs and VVPATs will be the largest since they have were first used by the EC. Approximately, 34 lakh ballot units, 26 lakh control units and 27 lakh VVPAT machines will be required in the Lok Sabha elections.

    Voting equipment to be used in the 2019 lok sabha elections

    • The election commission is set to use EVMs and VVPATs in all polling stations in the country for the elections in 2019 as per the poll panel constituted by EC.
    • The opposition parties have asked for ballot boxes to be used for polling of votes as they feel that the machines can be tampered with which could change the results in the elections.
    • However, the EC has already said that the machines that will be used for elections have already undergone thorough testing in BEL offices.
    • Some of the modifications made to the voting equipment to be used in the 2019 elections include:
    1. A built-in hood in all the VVPAT machines to ensure that they are not overly exposed to heat and light.
    1. Design improvements in EVMs and VVPATs to prevent them from malfunctioning during the elections.

    Election Results of legislative assembly elections 2018

    Tripura - Election Results 2018

    Name of political party Number of seats won in the election
    Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) 36
    Communist Party of India (Marxist) 16
    Indigeneous People’s Front of Tripura (IPFT) 8
    Indian National Congress (INC) 0
    Communist Party of India (CPI) 0
    Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) 0
    Indigeneous Nationalist Party of Twipra (INPT) 0
    All India Forward Bloc (AIFB) 0
    All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) 0
    Independents (IND) 0

    Meghalaya - Election Results 2018

    Name of the political party Number of seats won in the election
    Indian National Congress (INC) 21
    National People’s Party (NPP) 19
    United Democratic Party (UDP) 6
    Independents 3
    Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 2
    People’s Democratic Front (PDF) 4
    Hill State People’s Democratic Front (HSPDP) 2
    Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) 1
    Garo National Council (GNC) 0
    Khun Hynniewtrep National Awakening Movement (KHNAM) 1
    All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) 0
    None of the Above (NOTA) -

    Nagaland - Election Results 2018

    Number of seats won in the election
    Name of the political party Number of seats won
    Nagaland People’s Front (NPF) 26
    Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party (NDPP) 18
    Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 12
    National People’s Party (NPP) 2
    Janata Dal United (JDU) 1
    Independents 1
    Indian National Congress (INC) 0
    Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) 0
    Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) 0
    Lok Janashakti Party (LJP) 0
    None of the Above (NOTA) -

    Karnataka - Election Results 2018

    Name of the political party Number of seats won
    Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 104
    Indian National Congress (INC) 80
    Janata Dal (Secular) 37
    Independents 1
    Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) 1
    Karnataka Pragnavantha Janatha Party (KPJP) 1
    Other parties and candidates 0

    Madhya Pradesh - Election Results 2018

    Name of the political party Number of seats won
    Indian National Congress+ (INC) 114
    Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 109
    Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) 2
    Samajwadi Party (SP) 1
    Independents 4

    Chhattisgarh - Election Results 2018

    Name of the political party Number of seats won
    Indian National Congress (INC) 68
    Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 15
    Janata Congress Chhhattisgarh (JCC) 5
    Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) 2
    None of the above (NOTA) 0

    Mizoram - Election Results 2018

    Name of the political party Number of seats won
    Mizo National Front (MNF) 26
    Indian National Congress (INC) 5
    Zoram People’s Movement (ZPM) 8
    Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 1
    Others 0

    Rajasthan - Election Results 2018

    Name of the political party Number of seats won
    Indian National Congress (INC) 100
    Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 73
    Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) 6
    Independents 13
    Communist Party of India Marxist (CPI) 2
    Rashtriya Lok Party (RLP) 3
    Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD) 1
    Bharatiya Tribal Party (BTP) 2
    Other parties and candidates 0
    None of the above (NOTA) -


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