The PMKVY is one of the main schemes of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The scheme was launched by the National Skill Development Corporation. Under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), individuals who already have relevant learning experience can also be certified.
The government launched the scheme with the aim of training 400 million individuals by 2022. The National Skill Development Policy was initially brought into effect in 2009. A revised National Skill Development Policy came into effect in 2015 after the establishment of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship.
The main aim of the National Skill Development Policy is to ensure that the challenges of skilling are met at quality standards. A framework has been developed by the MSDE for different skilling activities and they have been linked with the common standards. Various agencies and institutions have been set up by the MSDE so that focus can be provided to different activities and areas. The three different agencies that the MSDE operates through are mentioned below:
National Skill Development Authority (NSDA): The main tasks of the NSDA are mentioned below:
- To ensure the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) is implemented.
- To ensure that the State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs) are strengthened.
National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC): The main tasks of the NSDC are mentioned below:
- To ensure that the PMKVY scheme is implemented.
- To provide loans to private sector skilling companies with basic terms and conditions.
- To ensure Sector Skill Councils (SSC) are established and monitored.
- Directorate General of Training (DGT): Long term vocational training institutions, known as Industrial Training Institutes (IITs), are established and monitored by the DGT.
Components of Vikas Yojana Scheme
The main components of the PMKVY scheme are mentioned below:
- Short Term Training: Indian citizens who have dropped out of school/college or unemployed benefit the most from Short Term Training. All PMKVY Training Centres (TCs) offer the program. The TCs also provide training in Digital Literacy, Finance Literacy, Entrepreneurship, and Soft Skills. Depending on the job role, the training duration ranges between 150 hours and 300 hours.
- Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL): Under the RPL component, individuals who have prior skills or experience will be certified after assessment. The main aim of the RPL is to align any competencies of India’s workforce that is unregulated to the NSQF. Various agencies SSCs and MSDE/NSDC designated projects will implement the RPL projects. RPL candidates will be offered Bridge Courses by Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs).
- Special Projects: Under the Special Projects program, PMKVY provides training in special areas for job roles that are not defined under any available National Occupation Standards (NOSs)/Qualification Packs. A deviation may be required from the terms and conditions for the Special Projects training. Proposing stakeholders of the Special Projects program can be the State Government and Central Government Institutions/Statutory Body/Autonomous Body or an equivalent body.
- Kaushal and Rozgar Mela: One of the main components that will bring about the success of the PMKVY scheme is social and community mobilisation. Accountability and transparency are ensured in the case of community participation. It also helps in the community functioning better. Special importance is assigned by the PMKVY scheme so that the targeted beneficiaries are involved. Kaushal and Rozgar Melas are conducted by the TCs every six months.
- Placement Guidelines: PMKVY aims to link the knowledge, aspiration, and aptitude of the skilled workforce that is created by it with the market demand and employment opportunities. Therefore, a lot of effort is provided to certified and trained candidates under PMKVY towards placement. Entrepreneurship development support is also provided by TCs.
- Monitoring Guidelines: In order to maintain high standards, empanelled Inspection Agencies and NSDC use different methods such as surprise visits, call validations, and self-audit reporting. With the implementation of the latest technologies, these methods will be enhanced as well.
Placement assistance is provided once the candidate completes the training. The government pays the entire fees for the program. Any training under this program will be NSQF Level 5 and lower.