Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission
The Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission or SPMRM is a new initiative from the incumbent Modi government that aims to set up 300 rural clusters by 2020. This scheme is set to replace the Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA) mission launched by the erstwhile UPA government. The scheme was launched in 2014-15 budget and was formally launched on 16th August 2015 by the Union Cabinet.
What are the objectives of SPMRM?
The aim of this scheme is to enhance the social, economic and infrastructural development in rural areas of the country. The scheme hopes to fulfil these goals through the following means:
- Bridging urban-rural divide
- Improving living standards of the rural populace
- Reducing large scale migration from rural to urban areas
Features of SPMRM
The failure of the previous scheme called PURA by the government has been believed to have resulted from a voluntary basis participation, and that too only for the private sector. This seriously limited the scope of the original scheme and its effects were largely muted. Government participation was needed to spur the mission and affect lives of people in rural clusters.
The new scheme aims to involve the government also in implementation. As per the recommendation of states, the scheme will get implemented in suggested quarters. The Rural Development Ministry is also involved to ensure streamlining of the mission movement as well as implementation at the ground level.
The scheme is said to be inspired from the Gujarat model where the emphasis was on enhancing basic infrastructure such as roads, shelter, drinking water and power in rural clusters. The implementation of the Gujarat model was successful and its implementation on a national level is hoped to bring in better lives in for the rural populace.
How will target locations be chosen?
The rural clusters are to be selected from gram panchayats that are geographically neighbouring each other. In case of plain or coastal regions, villages with population between 25,000 and 50,000 will be selected on satisfaction of all criteria.
In case of hilly, desert or tribal regions, the villages to be selected should have a population of at least 5,000 and not more than 15,000. The tribal and non-tribal districts will be shortlisted on the basis of different approaches. The selected villages will ideally follow the administration conjunction of gram panchayats.
Objectives of the scheme
The scheme comes with 14 objectives should mandatorily be covered.
- Digital literacy
- Skill development training
- Road connectivity between villages
- Establishment of mobile health units
- E-gram connectivity
- Citizen service centres
- Public transportation services
- Agro processing
- LPG connections
- Sanitation facilities
- Storage and warehousing of agricultural outputs
- Piped water supply
- Enhancement of education establishments
- Liquid and solid waste management
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