An amalgamation of the currently running EAS and JGSY programmes in 2001 led to the formation of the Sampoorna Gramin Rojgar Yojana (SGRY). Every year, 50 lakh tonnes of food grains are distributed free of cost to everyone, in all the States and Union Territories of India, who are Below the Poverty Line (under the BPL).
Organization and Financing
The Central and State governments raise Rs.10,000 crore in a 75:25 ratio, and organise the acquisition and distribution of around 50 lakh tonne food grains to people under the Poverty Line. Imbursement for the food is done at the FCI Level, through the Centre.
State governments are responsible for the financial requirements of transporting the food from the FCI Stock Site to workplaces, PDS Shops, and the allocation the same.
- Wages are paid to families below the Poverty Line when they are employed under the SGRY scheme.
- Wages are also paid to some families above the Poverty Line who are deprived of a basic livelihood.
- Wage structure: Wages are paid to those employed, as under:
- Minimum of 25% in cash.
- Minimum 5kg of food.
- Every 3 levels of Panchayat Raj Organization execute the plan.
- Each tier acts as a sovereign component for the purpose of developing an action plan and executing it to implementing the scheme.
- Asset disbursal structure: Assets are distributed in the following ratio – 20:30:50, as under:
|20 :||30 :||50|
- Personality Recipient Schemes: Up to 22.5% of the resources are to be allocated for the purpose of “personality recipient schemes”. These schemes are directed at Scheduled Castes and Tribes, and funding will be secured from the asset allocation of Intermediate Panchayats and District Panchayats.
- Infrastructure: Up to 50% of the resources are to be allocated to develop infrastructural facilities in areas inhabited by Scheduled Casts and Tribes.
- Direct handling: Funds will not be handled by intermediaries or middlemen, as none are allowed to be hired for the implementation of this scheme. This also assures that funds will not be misappropriated.
The progress of implementation and running of the scheme is regularly evaluated through impact studies conducted through government funded institutions and organizations.