With around 55 million youth in the country aged between 18-35 looking out for work opportunities, mainly in the rural sectors, Union Ministers Nitin Gadkari and Venkaiah Naidu set up the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana. Initiated on the 98th birth anniversary of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya, the scheme aims to provide skill to the poor youth of the country, thereby giving them opportunities for growth. Following the training program, youth are given placement opportunities and options to branch out as entrepreneurs. Since the scheme focuses on the poor youth of the country, the Government of India has set aside a corpus of Rs.1,500 crore to aid the cause.
Focus of the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
- The main focus of the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana is to drastically reduce the unemployment rate in the country. By offering youth the necessary skills to grab opportunities out there, the unemployment rate is sure to drop.
- To reduce poverty by increasing employment with monthly wages for the youth.
- Develop and bringing out the working ability of each individual, thereby making them self-reliant.
- Encouraging social mobilization in the country, inevitably increasing the amount of possible opportunities.
- Setting a standard of skill required for an individual to be desirable for employers in and outside the country.
How the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana has impacted youth across the country
- Besides developing the skill of an individual required to earn a job, the scheme focuses on making the individual aware of the opportunities one can take.
- It has managed to mobilize the youth under the umbrella of growth with employment.
- Counselling of both the parents and the youth have opened their minds to the broader aspects of life.
- Rural youth that are poor have been given an opportunity to grow and be self-dependant.
- In order for the individual to be employable, industry knowledge has been passed on to them as well as the right kind of attitude to have in a working environment.
- The scheme has given rural youth that were poor job opportunities with minimum monthly wages - of course, employment was based on their aptitude.
- Offers tips for sustainability in the working environment.
Key factors of the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
- The scheme has given youth the necessary skill required for employment, not only in India but globally.
- It provided them with a shift in emphasis. Youth are taught on the necessary evolvement required from shifting from the training circle to a working environment.
- For youth who were placed post the training program, the scheme helped youth overcome the barriers of migration.
- Every individual's input and productivity was monitored, thereby preparing them for placement and employment.
- Each state in the country has taken full responsibility and ownership of the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana. Enabling the outcome to be assessed efficiently.
- Collaborating with the Ministry for Rural Development, special skills training programs were given to the youth residing in the North-Eastern states.
Special components of the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
- For individuals that suffer from disabilities, a full coverage for the scheme is granted for them to feel socially included.
- 50% of the corpus of the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana was allotted to the youth belonging to the SC/ST.
- 15% of the corpus was set aside to aid minorities while 3% was allotted for youth suffering from disabilities.
- One-third of the people involved in the scheme should be women.
- To aid the youth from Jammu and Kashmir, the government set up a special scheme called Himayat. Another special scheme called Roshni was set up for the youth from tribal areas dominated by left-wing extremists. Both the schemes, like the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana, focused on the skill development of the youth.
The Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana model
The Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana revolves around a three-layers implementation model. The layers are - policy making, technical support and facilitation agency. Structured around this model, youth are first identified, trained and then finally placed in companies. Furthermore, the model even reached out to monitoring their growth and sustainability in their jobs.
Funding by the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
In order to train youth to be desirable for companies in India and around the globe, the complete training program of the individual is funded by the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana. Depending whether the individual is a resident or a non-resident and the type of skill he/she wishes to be trained in, each individual is given financial support between Rs.25,000 to more than a lakh a year.
The training lasts from a minimum of three months to a maximum of a year. Covering more than 250 working sectors, the training covers skills required for fields such as Retail, Construction, Health, Automotive, Leather, Plumbing, Electrical, Jewelery, Painting, Hospitality, etc. The goal of the training is to ensure that 75% of the participants are placed in reputed companies as soon as the training comes to an end.
In order to carry out this training, funding is given to certain PIAs by the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana that meet certain conditions:
- PIAs that can promise trainee foreign placements and fulfill their promise.
- Have connections with industries for internships for the trainees. The industry in this case has to co-fund the internship for the individual.
- Those PIAs that can ensure that at least 10,000 individuals are places in a span of two years.
- Those PIAs that can give the trainees a future in highly reputed educational institutions. The minimum NAAC grading of the institution should be 3.5.
Since its introduction, the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana has spread its wings over 33 states across India. The scheme has covered more than 600 districts in India and is closely linked with over 200 plus PIAs - employing youth in over 250 trades across 50 plus working sectors. In the Financial year 2016-2016, more than 2.7 lakh youth were trained and more than 1.3 lakh were employed. In FY 2016-2017, as of November, a lakh plus youth have been trained and 63,000 youth have been employed, a reflection of the benefit of the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana for the poor rural youth of the country.