The advancement of technology has enabled various financial institutions to provide a high standard of service in all aspect of banking and financial services. While modern technology is helping banks and other businesses to streamline their services, customers are no longer required to visit banks and their branches to carry out a wide range of banking services. With banks constantly upgrading their services on the online platforms, customers can use either internet banking or mobile banking to fulfil their banking requirements.
Though there are many factors concerning the safety of online banking platforms, a significant rise in the usage of online transactions has proven it be useful and convenient. Customers now have access to multiple online fund transfer options ranging from National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT), Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS), Immediate Payment Service (IMPS), digital wallets, to UPI-based options, etc. After demonetization of high-value currency in India, the online money transfer options have provided flexibility and convenience across the nation.
Most banks the internet multiple options when it comes to transferring money online. Though the money transfer options have with their own advantages and disadvantages, it allows individuals to have the flexibility to choose one over the other based on their requirements.
Online Fund Transfer Options
Following are few of the popular online money transfer options in India -
|National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT)||Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS)||Immediate Payment Service (IMPS)|
|NEFT is known to be the most cost-effective and convenient online money transfer option for various reasons. Regulated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), NEFT is available on internet banking and mobile banking services provided by most banks in India. NEFT allows individuals to transfer even the smallest amount without being worried about the fee charged by the bank. NEFT transactions are processed in batches and the funds are settled based on the cut-off time specified by RBI.||When an individual needs to transfer Rs.2 lakh and above, they can consider RTGS for the real-time settlement factor. Under RTGS, the funds are settled in real-time without any delay. Unlike NEFT, RTGS doesn't follow the batch processing method, each transaction is processed on instruction by instruction basis, making it faster and efficient||As the name suggests, when an individual needs to transfer and settle fund immediately to another account, IMPS can turn out to be useful since it settles fund immediately. Compare to NEFT of RTGS, IMPS is comparatively a new concept in India. Most banks allow IMPS through their internet banking and mobile banking platform.|
In order to carry out any of the online money transfer methods, the bank levies a transaction charge based on various factors such as the fund value, fund transfer method, etc. Though these are the popular methods of transferring money online in India, the following new methods are also being used for added flexibility and convenience -
- Digital Wallets – After the demonetization of high-value currency towards the end of 2016, many digital wallets have been introduced to the Indian market to facilitate digital transactions. Digital wallets are not only popular and useful for being an optional method for online transactions but also for the ease and convenience of transferring money to another user or bank account. Post demonetization, many banks have introduced their own digital wallets to cater to the increasing demand.
- Unified Payments Interface - The Unified Payments Interface (UPI) from the National Payments Corporation of India is a new concept of digital transaction that is introduced by the Government of India. Based on the mobile platform, UPI allows users to transfer money from one bank account to the other without the need of bank details. In order to send and receive funds, UPI uses a Virtual Payment Address (VPA) which is created during the registration process with bank account details as the pre-requisites. Once the registration is completed, any UPI user can use the VPA to transfer funds.
Factors to Consider for Money Transfer Online
- Details of the beneficiary - In order to transfer money online, the beneficiary's details such as account number, branch, etc. play a vital role. As the individual initiative the online fund transfer, you will need to make sure that the details are accurate which will determine the effective fund settlement time. Additionally, it will be your responsibility to pay the required transaction fee for the online transfer.
- Risk factors - Irrespective of which bank account you hold, if you are one of the internet or mobile banking users, your bank must be sending out do’s and don'ts of safe online banking practices. Though they might sound like basic guidelines, it is essential to follow them so you don’t fall prey to any of the online banking scams.
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