All About National Health Insurance Schemes in India

The Modi Government came to power in the year 2014 and ever since, it has tried to work towards the upliftment and betterment of the Indian society, as a whole. The Modi government has successfully implemented multiple schemes for the benefit of the nation and along with that, they have also modified and extended some of the old ones.

Let us understand some of these schemes in detail:

  1. Ayushman Bharat National Health Protection Mission: A first-of-its-kind scheme designed by the Central Government, AB-NHPM was implemented keeping the wellness of poor and underprivileged families in mind. The scheme comprises two fundamental elements that are listed further. The first is establishment of at least 1,50,000 wellness centres in India by the Government. As a part of AB-NHPM, the Government’s first health and wellness centre was inaugurated in Birjapur as a scheme. The second element is that the scheme provides a total coverage of Rs.5 lakh per year to approximately 10 crore underprivileged families. These families have access to advanced medical care and cashless treatments at all the empanelled hospitals and medical centres in the country (both Government and private).
  2. National Nutrition Mission (POSHAN Abhiyan): To mark the importance of women empowerment, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched the National Nutrition Mission as an extension of the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao agenda on 8 March 2018. The primary objectives of the scheme are attainment of accurate nutritional status amongst children falling within the age group of 0-6 years, pregnant women, adolescent girls, and lactating women at regular intervals. Some of the other objectives of the scheme are to reduce instances of stunted growth among children, address the issue of malnutrition, and anemia among both children and women.
  3. Anti-Narcotics Scheme: In order to prevent substance consumption and abuse in India, the Government of India extended the Anti-Narcotics scheme from the year 2017 to 2020. India has been grappling with the issues of increased substance consumption and drug trafficking for a long time. With the Indian Government’s financial aid of Rs.21 crore for the scheme, this problem can be curbed to a great extent.
  4. Atal Bhujal Yojana: The Atal Bhujal Yojana is believed to be the Central Government’s most ambitious water conservation project that has been allocated a total budget of Rs.6,000 crore. With its core focus being on finding a solution to the ever-increasing depleting groundwater level crisis, some of the primary objectives of the project are creating adequate water storage for agricultural activities, revitalising the levels of groundwater, rejuvenating surface water bodies so that the level of groundwater can be significantly increased, specifically in the rural areas. Some of its objectives also include recharging the groundwater sources, and ensuring optimum usage of water at the local level. The Atal Bhujal Yojana was initially launched in the following cities that are majorly water-stressed - Haryana, Gujarat, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan.
  5. Green Revolution-Krishonnati Yojana: Comprising 11 different missions and schemes under its name, the Green Revolution-Krishonnati Yojana mainly focuses on the comprehensive development of the agriculture and allied domain. This scheme is of utmost importance to the farmers in India and for this reason the Government has further extended it till the year 2019-20.
  6. GOBAR Dhan Yojana: The Galvanising Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBAR-DHAN) programme was instituted by the Chief Minister of Haryana on 30 April 2018. The primary objective of the scheme is upliftment and betterment of the living circumstances and conditions of Indian villages and also rid them of the practice of open defecation. This project is part of the popular Swachh Bharat Abhiyan initiative of the Modi Government and it highly promotes the formation of manure and biogas through conversion of cattle dung and solid waste.

The above-mentioned schemes and projects are sure to pave way for a healthier and more sustainable India.

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