Dialysis or renal replacement therapy is a procedure of filtering and purifying the blood of solutes, toxins, and excess water in patients whose kidneys have failed to perform these functions. It is critical in patients affected with end-stage renal disease, Stage 5 chronic kidney disease or acute kidney injury. High blood pressure and diabetes are the main causes contributing to these kidney ailments and the number of people affected by these ailments in India are rising at a disturbing rate.
With India recording 19.3 million cases of diabetes in 1995 which is expected to rise to 57.2 million by 2025 while the number of people affected by hypertension in the year 2000 was 118.2 million, the number of people requiring dialysis are expected to shoot up. Dialysis treatments may cost around Rs.10,000 to Rs.20,000 per month which may not be affordable by the economically challenged sections of the society and hence, to provide relief the Government of Karnataka decided to launch dialysis centers in each district of the state. These dialysis centers charge Rs.350 per dialysis session whereas private hospitals charge around Rs.1,000 to Rs.2,000 per session.
At the moment, dialysis centers have been set up in 2 taluk hospitals and 16 district hospitals of Karnataka. During the first phase (2008-09), dialysis centers were set up in the district hospitals of Bagalkote, Bidar, Gulbarga, Karwar, Bijapura, Chitradurga, Chikmagalur and Chamarajanagar. In Bangalore, the dialysis center was set up at the KC General Hospital. The second phase saw the set-up of dialysis centers in district hospitals of Ramanagaram, Kolar, Gadag, Tumkur, Chikballapur, Madikeri, Dharwad, and General Hospital Jayanagar, Bangalore.
More than 44,546 dialysis cycles were delivered during 2012-13 while for the period of 2013-14, the number of dialysis cycles was 46,315. Government hospitals housing dialysis centers delivered more than 54,740 dialysis cycles during the year 2014-15.