Types Of Motor Insurance Policies

Motor insurance is one of the primary financial protection tools that you should have in your possession. With the ever-increasing incidence of accidents in the country and the strict regulations laid out by the government, it is inevitable that you buy adequate insurance protection for your vehicle.

There are various types of motor insurance policies available in the country. You should ideally assess your insurance requirements and decide on a policy that safeguards you in the most optimum way.

How To Choose The Right Motor Insurance Coverage?

Motor insurance plans are classified into different categories based on the extent of coverage offered and the type of vehicle for which the insurance is sought.

  1. Amount of insurance coverage - Motor insurance plans can be divided into three types based on the amount of insurance protection offered:
    1. Third-party liability insurance - This is the most basic form of car insurance and hence, it is also the cheapest. This insurance scheme is also referred to as liability-only insurance or act-only plan. The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, mandates that all car owners are in possession of this insurance policy for the protection of their vehicles. In case you drive a car without a minimum of third-party liability insurance cover, you are liable to face penalties.
      1. The coverage offered by this insurance plan includes protection to a third party for incidents such as injuries/death and property damage caused in an accident involving the insured vehicle.
      2. It should be noted that the third-party liability insurance cover does not offer own-damage cover, i.e., coverage for the insured vehicle or the owner-driver.
      3. Some insurance companies offer a personal accident cover for the owner-driver along with the third-party liability insurance plan.
      4. Although there is no upper limit on the amount a third party can receive as compensation for death/disabilities, there is a cap of Rs.7.5 lakh on the maximum amount offered for third-party property damages. However, the final claim amount is decided by the court.
    2. Comprehensive motor insurance - Often referred to as a package policy by some insurers, this plan provides more exhaustive insurance protection, as it encompasses third-party liability coverage and own-damage cover. The detailed coverage of the comprehensive motor insurance plan is as described below:
      1. Own-damage cover - This includes protection for the insured vehicle from the following events:
        • Accidental damages
        • Damages while in transit via rail, road, waterways, lift, etc.
        • Damages caused by natural calamities, such as earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, etc.
        • Damages from man-made disasters such as strikes, riots, vandalism, etc.
        • Theft of the insured vehicle

        Additionally, the comprehensive motor insurance plan offers personal accident cover to the owner-driver.

      2. Third-party liability cover - This part of the comprehensive motor insurance policy protects the policyholder from legal liabilities to a third party from accidental injuries/death or property damage. The maximum amount of coverage under this insurance for injuries/death is unlimited. However, there is a cap of Rs.7.5 lakh on coverage for third-party property damage. The final claim payout for property damage is decided by the court.
    3. Motor insurance add-on plans - Apart from the comprehensive and third-party liability insurance plans detailed above, most motor insurance companies also offer add-on covers that can enhance the coverage of the base policy. These riders should be purchased from the same insurance provider by paying an additional amount. Some of these add-on plans are as described below:
      1. Zero depreciation cover - This is a popular motor insurance add-on plan that offers significant savings at the time of a claim. It is also referred to as nil depreciation cover or bumper to bumper policy. Consider that your vehicle is insured with a comprehensive motor insurance policy. At the time of a claim, you will still have to bear the expenses pertaining to depreciation of the vehicle parts and excesses. However, if your comprehensive motor insurance plan was reinforced with a nil depreciation cover, the insurer would bear the expenses for the depreciation of vehicle parts.
      2. Engine protect cover - A comprehensive motor insurance plan does not protect the vehicle from mechanical or electrical damages to the engine. Buying an engine protect cover offers your engine the much-needed protection, especially if you reside in an area prone to waterlogging.
      3. Return to Invoice (RTI) cover - This add-on plan protects your vehicle from total loss expenses. In the event of a total loss scenario such as a car theft, it provides you the actual invoice value of the vehicle, without accounting for its depreciation with age.
      4. Loss of personal belongings cover - Loss of expensive electronic equipments, laptops, etc. kept in the insured vehicle is offered coverage under this add-on insurance plan.
      5. No Claim Bonus (NCB) protect cover - No Claim Bonus is a significant bonus offered by insurers to drivers who refrain from raising motor insurance claims in a policy year. You can preserve this bonus even after raising a claim if your vehicle insurance has an NCB protect cover.
      6. Personal accident cover for the passengers - The comprehensive car insurance policy can be enhanced to offer protection for the passengers by opting for this rider.
      7. Key replacement cover - Under this cover, the insurance company reimburses the cost of replacement of the vehicle keys if these were lost or misplaced.
      8. Roadside assistance cover - This add-on cover offers 24/7 protection to the policyholder from incidents such as flat tyre, fuel depletion, requirement for expert scrutiny, etc.
      9. Consumables cover - Components that are used in a vehicle such as nuts and bolts, screen washers, engine oil, etc. are collectively referred to as consumables. The insurance company does not bear the cost of these components at the time of a claim. However, if your vehicle insurance was equipped with this rider, you will receive coverage for consumables.
      10. Daily allowance cover - This add-on cover offers reimbursement for the expenses involved in hiring an alternate vehicle when the insured automobile is undergoing repairs at a garage.
  2. Type of vehicle - Motor insurance policies can be classified into two types based on the vehicle for which it is purchased:
    1. - This coverage offers insurance protection for all types of cars and SUVs.
    2. Two-wheeler insurance - This insurance plan is availed to protect a two-wheeler from eventualities such as accidents, natural disasters, theft, man-made calamities, etc.

    Apart from the above, motor insurance is also segregated based on the purpose of use of the vehicle. So, you can opt to buy a private motor insurance policy for your personal vehicle. Along the same lines, a commercial motor insurance plan will offer insurance coverage for the vehicle you will be using for business purposes.

    In conclusion, motor insurance in India can be of several types. It is up to you to understand your unique insurance needs and decide on a policy that suits you best. It is also advisable to buy motor insurance online for the security and convenience that it offers.

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Types Of Motor Insurance Policies Reviews

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  • Universal Sompo Car Insurance
    "Good Insurance"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    Taken my car insurance from Universal Sompo because the premium is less when i compared to other insurance provider, they have provided me a IDV value of Rs. 4 lakh. When i have done the cashless claim, they have sanctioned in 2 days. I'm getting renewal message in prior when the policy is getting lapsed. This is a first party insurance policy.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Feb 20, 2020
  • Reliance General
    Reliance General Car Insurance
    "Good Policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    My friend has referred me about the car insurance from Reliance. I pay the premium amount of Rs. 10,200 for this policy. This is a third party insurance. My friend is working as a agent and he will renew the policy. I have not approached them for any kind of claim. They use to send the reminders to renew the policy.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , tirupur
    Reviewed on Feb 20, 2020
  • Oriental Insurance Car Insurance
    "One of the best policy"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    My car insurance was selected from Oriental insurance since the branch office is located to nearby my office. I pay the premium amount of Rs. 6000 for that they are providing me a IDV value of Rs. 2.8 lakhs. This is a first party insurance. Even though i don't have any claim experience, they have not provided me any no claim bonus.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , guwahati
    Reviewed on Feb 19, 2020
  • National Insurance Car Insurance
    "Good policy"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    For the economical and low premium purpose, i have chosen the two wheeler insurance from National. I pay the premium amount of Rs. 7000 every year and they are giving the IDV value of Rs. 4 lakh. I used to renew the policy in the branch nearby located to my place. I have no claim experience till now.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , kolkata
    Reviewed on Jan 30, 2020
  • National Insurance Car Insurance
    "Excellent policy"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    TATA AIG car insurance is pretty awesome policy. So I have taken my car insurance from this company because they are providing me a bumper to bumper offer, comprehensive policy even if the car is 7 years old and this is the only company who provides this facility. To apply the claim is very easy in a single call. They have provided me 100% claim.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 28, 2020
  • United India Car Insurance
    "Secure and fast claim"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    My car insurance was purchased from United India and i have been renewing the policy with the same company for last 5 years. My claim experience is very fast and there is no struggle in getting the claim. The person will come to the spot by the next day once we applied the claim. I got the claim upto 90%. I have been receiving the no claim bonus also.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , kochi
    Reviewed on Jan 22, 2020
  • Royal Sundaram Car Insurance
    "Money waste policy"
    0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
    I have taken my car insurance from Royal Sundaram at earlier but I'm not satisfied with their services. When i applied for my claim, they have taken most of the part and they didn't provide the cashless claim in their garages. Quality of service is not that much good. I bought the policy through online. They didn't promised their word.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2020
  • Oriental Insurance Car Insurance
    "Need to improve the service"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    ORIENTAL INSURANE has provided a car insurance and they have provided me a better offer with the better quotation including the bumper to bumper offer so that i took the same and till now i never spoke with the customer care also. I have not approached for them for any claim. They have offered me a coverage value of Rs. 3.5L. I have renewed the policy in online.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2020
  • United India Car Insurance
    "Service is good"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    Took my car insurance from United India based on the agent suggestion. I pay the premium amount of Rs. 3600 its because of the no claim bonus and some extra discounts. I have not applied any claim till now. From 7 years, i have been renewing the policy with the same company. They will give reminder call and I'm getting SMS from United India before the policy expiry.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , jaipur
    Reviewed on Jan 16, 2020
  • New India Car Insurance
    "Good policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    Chosen my car insurance from New India since its a government sector company and i have a known person over there. There is no cashless claim i had because there is a delay in that and it takes almost 1 week. They are giving claim upto 70% since my vehicle is old one. I pay the premium amount of Rs. 12500 on every year. They said they are providing a road side assistance and no claim bonus facility.
    Was this review helpful? 2
    , coimbatore
    Reviewed on Jan 16, 2020
  • Liberty Car Insurance
    "Wrost service ever "
    0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
    My car in total loss and they have reject my claim. 2 months they have investigate case and after they reject. they says your car is sold by you . i am saying i have not sold and i have proof but they dont want to listen us. never buy from liberty insurance.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , ahmedabad
    Reviewed on Jan 13, 2020
  • Iffco Tokio Car Insurance
    "Good Insurance Policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I have a zero claim experience for my car insurance from Iffco Tokio. Actually my friend has suggested me to take the car insurance from Iffco Tokio because he is working as a agent over there. I have paid the premium amount of Rs. 8000 for that they are providing the coverage value of Rs. 2.75 lakhs. I have no idea about the road side assistance and no claim bonus.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , vapi
    Reviewed on Jan 06, 2020
  • New India Car Insurance
    "Good Insurance company"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    Taken my car insurance from New India Assurance. When i purchased the car from the showroom that time they have provided this insurance which i'm continuing. Till now i didn't claimed anything and i have no idea about the coverage value. They are giving good customer support and wish to continue the same.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 06, 2020
  • Reliance General Car Insurance
    "good service"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I have chosen Reliance insurance as my friend is a franchise. I have taken a third party car insurance from them. I pay the premium of Rs.3000 on yearly basis. Even though it is a third party insurance, I can get upto 15lakhs. I will not get notification for renewal. I pay the premiumthrough online or directly to them.
    Was this review helpful? 2
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Dec 27, 2019
  • Reliance General Car Insurance
    "Good service"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I have taken a car insurance from RELIANCE GENERAL INSURANCE. It has some good benefits and the premium is low. I pay Rs.7,000 on yearly basis and also as no claim bonus options. It also includes garage benefits. I have no claim experience yet. I will get notification regarding the insurance from car showroom not from the insurance provided. I pay through online or cheque.
    Was this review helpful? 2
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Dec 22, 2019
  • Reliance General Car Insurance
    "Good policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    Chosen my car insurance from Reliance. Because their office near by my work place, so that its easy to renew the policy. They have provided me IDV value of Rs. 4.50 lakhs and the provided premium amount was Rs. 9,500. This is a third party insurance. I have not applied for any claim till now. I have got the no claim bonus of 30%.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Dec 20, 2019
  • Shriram Car Insurance
    "Good Plan"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    1 month ago, i have purchased the car insurance policy from Shriram General Insurance. Since the premium amount was less, i have chosen the same. They have given me a documents on the same day. I have not got any no claim bonus. I have paid the premium amount of Rs. 19000. Its a third party cover policy.
    Was this review helpful? 2
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Dec 20, 2019
  • Iffco Tokio Car Insurance
    "Good Claim experience"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    Earlier i had a car insurance with Iffco Tokio and had a claim experience. Since the premium amount is high and the IDV value is less hence i have changed the policy by next year. They have processed the claim in one week. They have cover upto 100% and i have paid only Rs. 500. I have paid the premium amount of Rs. 50000 for the coverage amount of Rs. 7.40 lakhs.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Dec 18, 2019
  • Bajaj Allianz Car Insurance
    "Easy policy to take"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    From Bajaj Allianz, i have chosen the car insurance policy. Its easy to claim hence my friend had recommended me about this policy. I have paid the premium amount of Rs. 30000. They are giving a IDV value of Rs. 6.90 lakhs. Its a zero depreciation policy. I do not have any claim experience as of now.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Dec 18, 2019
  • Oriental Insurance Car Insurance
    "Good Service"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    Chosen my car insurance from Oriental because their office is located next to my office. I had a claim experience once and it was very good. They have provided the claim immediately as per the spot instruction. They provided me a 100% since its a zero depreciation policy. I used to visit their branch to renew the policy.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , coimbatore
    Reviewed on Dec 17, 2019
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