In a country like ours, that is notorious for road accidents and related fatality, it is important for any automobile user to understand and practise road safety rules. Factors such as inappropriate maintenance of vehicles, poor infrastructure and a general disregard for the pedestrians and other drivers on the road has fuelled the incidence of road accidents in India. However, speeding and reckless driving still contribute to majority of the fatalities.
This indicates that following the rules can significantly reduce the occurrence of accidents on our roads. You can contribute to road safety by adhering to the guidelines listed below.
Carry Your Documents In The Car At All Times
When you are on the road, you need to ensure that you are equipped with a valid driver’s license, your vehicle’s registration certificate, the auto insurance policy and a valid pollution certificate. Having all documentation in place provides you more confidence on the road, and a sense of being in control. Moreover, it avoids unnecessary panic and the thought of dodging traffic officials, resulting in an accident risk.
Wear Safety Gear While Driving
It is important to think about your own safety, just as you would consider the safety of others on the road. You should wear a seatbelt while driving to protect yourself from crashing into the windshield, in the event of a collision. It is also advisable to get all passengers strapped in, even at the backseat.
Stick To Speed Limits
In spite of repeated reminders though road safety advertisements and hoardings, this is one safety guideline that is often overlooked. Driving at a higher speed than the prescribed limit can help you save time during the journey, but it adds to the risk of an accident.
Keep A Safe Distance With The Car In Front Of You
It is important to maintain a safe distance with the vehicle in front, so that in case you need to apply sudden brakes, you are protected from personal injuries and your car is safe from damage.
Do Not Drink And Drive
It is proven that alcohol impairs the reaction time of the human body. So even if you are feeling fine after a drink, you should refrain from driving as your body is not capable of doing so. You can always request a friend to drive you home or call a taxi instead.
Maintain The Car In Good Condition
- Maintaining your vehicle in good shape is a precursor to road safety.
- You must ensure that the tyre pressure is correct and replace old tyres to prevent skidding.
- You should replace brake fluid regularly.
- It is required to check the coolant levels in your car during the summer to prevent overheating of the engine.
Practise Defensive Driving
- Defensive driving is a practise that helps motor vehicle drivers consciously reduce the dangers linked to driving. In this form of driving, you anticipate scenarios that could result in an accident, such as unfavourable weather conditions and reckless motorists on the road. When more people practise defensive driving, the roads will be safer.
- Staying calm and avoiding road rage when you are in a difficult situation is part of defensive driving.
- It is important to be equipped with neon reflectors when you drive or park on the highway at night.
- You should be attentive when crossing the road as a pedestrian and use footpaths and subways as much as possible.
On the phone while driving is a punishable crime in India. If you get an emergency call on your phone, you need to pull over to the side of the road and complete the conversation before you resume driving. Other distractions like loud music and attention-demanding kids or pets should also be handled in a way that it does not interrupt a safe journey.
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