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Cars And Their Effects On Us And Our Surroundings

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Ever since cars became commercial, they have been associated with pollution. Especially air pollution. The presence of foreign elements in the air which are not supposed to be there, or excessive amounts of impurities which are hazardous to health is termed as air pollution. Cars burn fossil fuels like petrol or diesel to run the engines and as a result of this combustion, fumes are generated. These fumes are expelled into the environment through the exhaust pipes of the vehicles. The exhaust fumes can cause a number of environmental issues like global warming, soil pollution, water pollution, and air pollution. In turn, these affect the human health as well. Not only that, these pollutants have an adverse effect on the ozone layer.

Components Present In Exhaust Fumes:

The main components in vehicle fumes are carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, hydrocarbons, and particulate matters. The emissions of these pollutants are regulated by the Euro emissions standards. Generally, modern cars emit very small quantities of these pollutants, but the number of vehicles running on the roads has also gone up significantly and the accumulative pollution caused by them still strikes a major issue. The effects of these pollutants are being discussed below:

  • Carbon Monoxide (CO): This is perhaps one of the highest vehicle-emitted pollutants and has manifold effects on our health. CO reduces the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood, thus causing reduction of oxygen supply to key organs. Carbon Monoxide might also expose a person to the risk of suffering from heart ailments.
  • Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx): Oxides of Nitrogen like nitrogen oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO?) can cause major health issues, especially among people already suffering from respiratory problems. The NO from exhaust fumes reacts with oxygen in the air to form NO?. Long-term exposure to oxides of nitrogen may affect the normal functioning of the lungs as well and decrease the ability to tolerate allergens, thus making a person more sensitive and prone to allergies and lung ailments. The oxides of nitrogen also contribute to environmental hazards like smog formation and acid rain. It can cause vegetation damage and promote ground-level ozone formation as well.
  • Hydrocarbons (HC): Hydrocarbons are responsible for a number of ailments in human beings. They can add to ground-level ozone formation which leads to the risk of damaging the respiratory system. They also have carcinogenic characters and can lead to cancer.
  • Particulate matter (PM): Particulate matter is a complex mixture of tiny solid and liquid particles. These are fine particles which are suspended in air and often have an adverse effect on our health. Particulate matters can cause health issues related to respiratory problems or cardiovascular problems.

Effects Of Pollution Caused By Cars:

Pollutants from cars can cause both immediate as well as long-term problems. The above mentioned pollutants can harm both our health and environment in various ways. Some of the ill-effects are being listed below:

  • Global warming: Although there are innumerable factors affecting global warming, the pollutants expelled from cars are one of the major reasons. Combustion of fossil fuels leads to release of gases like carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. It also releases other greenhouse gases including hydrocarbons (which are indirect greenhouse gases). These gases leads to global warming and in turn affects the environment.
  • Air, water, and soil pollution: Air, water, and soil are heavily affected by the effects of vehicular pollution. The ozone layer is depleting which puts the earth at risk of being exposed to harmful ultraviolet radiation of the sun. Oxides of sulphur and nitrogen mixes with rainwater to create acid rain.
  • Health hazards: Right from respiratory ailments to cancer, car pollutants are responsible for a lot of health hazards. It is also responsible for making the immunity weak. Thus, the the risk of being exposed to different diseases and complications also increases.

What Can We Do To Reduce Car Pollution?

The maximum amount of pollution is emitted from old and unmaintained vehicles. The usage of electric cars or hybrid cars helps in toning down the pollution levels. The modern and fuel efficient cars can also help in reducing the impact of pollution to a great extent. While buying a car, you can look for the rating of the vehicle. A higher rating signifies a lower pollution rate. Maintaining good driving habits and servicing your vehicles on time will also lead to better fuel economy and hence, lesser pollution. Using public transportation wherever possible and walking for travelling short distances can also help in toning down the pollution problems.

GST Update: GST of 18% is applicable on car insurance effective from the 1st of July, 2017

Car Insurance Reviews

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  • HDFC Ergo Car Insurance
    "Need to reduce the premium"
    0.5 4.5/5 "Excellent!"
    I had a car insurance with HDFC Ergo and I felt the premium is very high hence I changed my insurance provider. The customer service is very good. There was no claim experience. The policy period is one year. It is a zero dep policy which includes bumper to bumper and RSA. It is a first party insurance.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Jan 23, 2019
  • New India Car Insurance
    "Good"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    My car insurance was recently purchased with New India Assurance through online. When I logged into the online site it gives better option with multiple insurer and I felt New India Assurance is good with reasonable premium and better benefits. I have paid 13,500 rupees for a year. I got the insurance paper. The claim experience is very good.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Jan 23, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Car Insurance
    "Good Policy."
    0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
    I have bought my car insurance with ICICI Lombard for last 5 years which I'm continuing for with the same company. The claim experience was better and when i applied for the same, they have given upto 80%. Its covered with bumper to bumper facility. They have given the claim in 1 week.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 22, 2019
  • Royal Sundaram Car Insurance
    "Good policy "
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    My car insurance was purchased in the year 2014 with Royal Sundaram. My dealer has recommended me about this policy. I pay the premium amount of Rs. 14000 with the coverage value of Rs. 6.27 lakhs which covered with the bumper to bumper facility.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , ahmedabad
    Reviewed on Jan 22, 2019
  • Bajaj Allianz Car Insurance
    "Good Policy"
    0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
    I had taken this insurance policy a while back and the premium amount has been quite good and not too high. The payment method has been easy and there has not been any sort of charges, and the policy covers bumper to bumper. Their customer support has also been responsive and was helpful as well.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , mumbai
    Reviewed on Jan 22, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Car Insurance
    "Its Good"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    There was no claim experience for my Tata Tiago with ICICI Lombard. I have renewed the car policy at last june, I paid the amount around Rs. 10,600 because its around 1.5 year old vehicle. I took comprehensive plan which includes loss , damage, ICICI Lombard got tie up many showroom.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , new delhi
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Car Insurance
    "Best cover"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    Very recently I took policy from Car insurance for my new Baleno car, it was done by ICICI bank, they deducted insurance fee from the loan. The loan department issued the policy copy on time. For first year its 100% coverage available its a bumper to bumper with ex showroom.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , new delhi
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Car Insurance
    "Good Car Insurance policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I have selected the ICICI Lombard for my car since the dealer has given me this insurance. I have been paying the premium amount of Rs. 15000. This is not covered for the bumper to bumper facility. They have given me a IDV value of Rs, 3.10 lakhs. They are providing the good garage facility all over the city.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • United India Car Insurance
    "Yet to experience the policy"
    0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
    I have applied the claim for my car recently. I have given the car into the showroom and they have asked me to inform in the insurance company. When i visited other branch they have asked me to the home branch. They have given me a sufficient IDV value. Its covered with a bumper to bumper facility.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Car Insurance
    "Reliable Policy"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    Purchased my car insurance through ICICI Lombard and They have given me a low premium since i have taken a loan from ICICI bank. They have given me a good IDV value. This is a bumper to bumper covered policy. They have given me a road side assistance, no claim bonus benefits.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • National Insurance Car Insurance
    "Good Insurance"
    0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
    My Honda amaze car got insured with National insurance for one year of tenure period. I think my old premium amount was around Rs.30,000. I took first party comprehensive plan it covers for loss, damage, theft. The customer support is good even the IDV is good.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , bhubaneshwar
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Car Insurance
    "Competitive price"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I have taken a car insurance from ICICI Lombard and the service is really good. I spoke wtih the customer care once for the claim. The garage people taken care of the full settlement process. The premium amount is nominal. They have given me a best claim what they can offer according to their norms.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • Royal Sundaram Car Insurance
    "Economic offering and wide accessibility"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    Because it was good comparison between other companies hence i have chosen the Royal sundaram. The premium amount is reasonable. The IDV value is good. This a comprehensive policy which covers third party insurance. They have tie up with most of the garages. They have cashless facility in most of the places.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • Royal Sundaram Car Insurance
    "Average"
    0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
    I took my car insurance with Royal Sundaram. I never contacted the customer service. It is a default insurance from the showroom. The premium is high because I go for bumper to bumper offer, road side assistance, zeo dep. It is a first party insurance and no claim. The policy period is one year.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 19, 2019
  • SBI General Car Insurance
    "Good Policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    The showroom people has offered me a car insurance policy with SBI. I have made a premium amount of Rs. 22000. They have given me a coverage value of 100%. Total IDV value is 90% of the car value. I have no claim experience till now. The documentation process was done by showroom.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , new delhi
    Reviewed on Jan 19, 2019
  • National Insurance Car Insurance
    "Smart protection with National"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    The major factor to chose National Insurance because of the premium is economic, I took the policy for 3 years the IDV value remains the same for the whole tenure. The customer support is good on time they activated the policy. I have Tata Tiago , its around four months vehicle. Its zero depreciation comprehensive plan. I taken the policy through showroom.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , lucknow
    Reviewed on Jan 19, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Car Insurance
    "Satisfied with the policy"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    My car insurance is with ICICI Lombard. The customer services are good and I got the policy documents on time. The policy coverage is good and there are features of a road side assistance is there. The premium is economical too. Good overall.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 19, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Car Insurance
    "Need to reduce the premium"
    0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
    I had a car insurance from ICICI LOMBARD which was offered by the showroom at the time of purchasing the vehicle. I felt the insurance premium is very high compared to others. I got a reminder call from the customer service at the time of renewal. It has zero dep for one year.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , new delhi
    Reviewed on Jan 19, 2019
  • Tata AIG Car Insurance
    "Excellent"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I took my car insurance from TATA AIG through online channel. They have given lesser premium with zero dep and it includes road side assistance. The customer service is very good. The policy period is one year. I have no claim experience. It is a first party insurance.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , new delhi
    Reviewed on Jan 19, 2019
  • Tata AIG Car Insurance
    "Satisfied policy"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    TATA AIG is the best company to take the car insurance. Since long time i have taken this insurance. The customer care people used to call me to renew the policy and they used to policy renewal letter. I will do payment through online. Several times i have claimed the policy and i have received very good response.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Jan 18, 2019
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