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Cars And Their Effects On Us And Our Surroundings

Ever since cars became commercial, they have been associated with pollution. Especially air pollution. The presence of foreign elements in the air which are not supposed to be there, or excessive amounts of impurities which are hazardous to health is termed as air pollution. Cars burn fossil fuels like petrol or diesel to run the engines and as a result of this combustion, fumes are generated. These fumes are expelled into the environment through the exhaust pipes of the vehicles. The exhaust fumes can cause a number of environmental issues like global warming, soil pollution, water pollution, and air pollution. In turn, these affect the human health as well. Not only that, these pollutants have an adverse effect on the ozone layer.

Components Present In Exhaust Fumes:

The main components in vehicle fumes are carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, hydrocarbons, and particulate matters. The emissions of these pollutants are regulated by the Euro emissions standards. Generally, modern cars emit very small quantities of these pollutants, but the number of vehicles running on the roads has also gone up significantly and the accumulative pollution caused by them still strikes a major issue. The effects of these pollutants are being discussed below:

  • Carbon Monoxide (CO): This is perhaps one of the highest vehicle-emitted pollutants and has manifold effects on our health. CO reduces the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood, thus causing reduction of oxygen supply to key organs. Carbon Monoxide might also expose a person to the risk of suffering from heart ailments.
  • Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx): Oxides of Nitrogen like nitrogen oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO?) can cause major health issues, especially among people already suffering from respiratory problems. The NO from exhaust fumes reacts with oxygen in the air to form NO?. Long-term exposure to oxides of nitrogen may affect the normal functioning of the lungs as well and decrease the ability to tolerate allergens, thus making a person more sensitive and prone to allergies and lung ailments. The oxides of nitrogen also contribute to environmental hazards like smog formation and acid rain. It can cause vegetation damage and promote ground-level ozone formation as well.
  • Hydrocarbons (HC): Hydrocarbons are responsible for a number of ailments in human beings. They can add to ground-level ozone formation which leads to the risk of damaging the respiratory system. They also have carcinogenic characters and can lead to cancer.
  • Particulate matter (PM): Particulate matter is a complex mixture of tiny solid and liquid particles. These are fine particles which are suspended in air and often have an adverse effect on our health. Particulate matters can cause health issues related to respiratory problems or cardiovascular problems.

Effects Of Pollution Caused By Cars:

Pollutants from cars can cause both immediate as well as long-term problems. The above mentioned pollutants can harm both our health and environment in various ways. Some of the ill-effects are being listed below:

  • Global warming: Although there are innumerable factors affecting global warming, the pollutants expelled from cars are one of the major reasons. Combustion of fossil fuels leads to release of gases like carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. It also releases other greenhouse gases including hydrocarbons (which are indirect greenhouse gases). These gases leads to global warming and in turn affects the environment.
  • Air, water, and soil pollution: Air, water, and soil are heavily affected by the effects of vehicular pollution. The ozone layer is depleting which puts the earth at risk of being exposed to harmful ultraviolet radiation of the sun. Oxides of sulphur and nitrogen mixes with rainwater to create acid rain.
  • Health hazards: Right from respiratory ailments to cancer, car pollutants are responsible for a lot of health hazards. It is also responsible for making the immunity weak. Thus, the the risk of being exposed to different diseases and complications also increases.

What Can We Do To Reduce Car Pollution?

The maximum amount of pollution is emitted from old and unmaintained vehicles. The usage of electric cars or hybrid cars helps in toning down the pollution levels. The modern and fuel efficient cars can also help in reducing the impact of pollution to a great extent. While buying a car, you can look for the rating of the vehicle. A higher rating signifies a lower pollution rate. Maintaining good driving habits and servicing your vehicles on time will also lead to better fuel economy and hence, lesser pollution. Using public transportation wherever possible and walking for travelling short distances can also help in toning down the pollution problems.

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Car Insurance Reviews

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  • Bajaj Allianz Car Insurance
    " ."
    0.5 3.5/5 "Pretty good"
    I got the car insurance through dealer with Bajaj Allianz. The claim process was good and they do settlements directly with the dealer. I did not face any troubles in getting the claims. It was a first party insurance and had Nissan. I was associated with this insurer for only 3 to 4months.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , gurgaon
    Reviewed on Jul 20, 2019
  • New India
    New India Car Insurance
    "Good in claim settlement"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    Last year I met with an accident, they done it very well. My car front bumper and radiator was damaged, I got the cash less garages the just taken one week of time to reflect the issue. I paid the premium of 11,000 for zero depreciation plan its fully covered.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , ghaziabad
    Reviewed on Jul 19, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Car Insurance
    "Premium should be reduced"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I took car policy from ICICI Lombard, the policy cost is bit higher compared to others. I paid premium around Rs. 18,000 for one year comprehensive plan. It would be great if they reduced the cost of the premium so that many customer can avail their service.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , noida
    Reviewed on Jul 19, 2019
  • New India Car Insurance
    "Needs improvement on the claim process"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I had chosen New India Assurance for my car insurance because I know a employee so I get some waiver off on the premium. I had claims on my previous car and the experience was not good. They need to improve on the benefits because I need to pay first for the cliam process then they send a cheque after 1 or 1.5 months that too after analyzing. I get 80% and sometimes 85% of the claim.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , gurgaon
    Reviewed on Jul 19, 2019
  • New India Car Insurance
    "Good Experience"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I purchased zero depreciation car insurance with New India Assurance, the cost is reasonable. Last year I paid the premium of Rs. 14,000 for one year policy its for four years old car. They got tie up with many service centers, the service is good I can reach at any time.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , mumbai
    Reviewed on Jul 18, 2019
  • Royal Sundaram Car Insurance
    "Useful Policy"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    My agency people where i took the car, they have proposed the policy from Royal Sundaram. I paid the premium amount of Rs. 13K nearly. My claim experience is very good and they have processed the claim within 1 day and its a 100% covered policy and i didn't pay anything from my pocket.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , coimbatore
    Reviewed on Jul 18, 2019
  • United India Car Insurance
    "For new car, don't go for it"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    The amount they are charging is less thats the reason i opted the car insurance policy from united India. I pay the premium amount of Rs. 2500. This is a third party insurance policy. Through consultancy, i used to renew my policy. I have not applied for any claim so far.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jul 16, 2019
  • HDFC Ergo Car Insurance
    "Whichever policy, Go for Zero dept"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    My car insurance policy was with HDFC ergo because it was recommended by my dealer. I had claim experience and it was cashless and good. I did not pay anything from my pocket within 3 days, they have processed the claim and handed over my vehicle. It was a zero depreciation policy.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , greater noida
    Reviewed on Jul 15, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Car Insurance
    "Good policy "
    0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
    Every time, i used to visit their showroom to renew my car insurance policy. I'm receiving the no claim bonus. This is a bumper to bumper covered policy. I pay the premium amount of Rs. 10000 and I'm not sure about the IDV value. They are providing the hard copy of the documents immediately. I do not have any claim experience.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , greater noida
    Reviewed on Jul 15, 2019
  • HDFC Ergo Car Insurance
    "Good"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    HDFC ERGO GENERAL INSURANCE is the company where I have taken the car insurance policy for life time policy, the premium amount is nominal I use to yearly basis. I use to do payment through an online. Their service is good. They used to process the claim as soon as possible and they will take care of the claim.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Jul 13, 2019
  • Royal Sundaram Car Insurance
    "Should be transparent"
    0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
    I met with an accident, I had to get it claim because I have Royal Sundaram car policy it was bumper to bumper at the time of enrollment they said its fully covered. But when I went for the claim, the insurer said car engine was not covered. Then I fought with Royal sundaram Insurance company. They quoted 1.40 lakh claim value and they made me to pay Rs. 70,000 from my end. However the additional cost of engine protection is just around Rs. 400 but I paid the premium of Rs. 20,000. I am very disappointed with them because they are not transparent. So I suggest to all, before going policy make sure whether its fully covered.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Jul 13, 2019
  • Royal Sundaram Car Insurance
    "Policy not up to the mark"
    0.5 3.5/5 "Pretty good"
    The policy was overall good but end of the day i was not satisfied with the policy. When i purchase the policy, they said its a zero depreciation policy and its nil dept. But when i applied the claim, they have given me a claim only for 50%. In that, my car steering was not covered, Some engine parts and bumper was not covered.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Jul 13, 2019
  • New India Car Insurance
    "GOOD"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I have bee using the car insurance policy with NEW INDIA ASSURANCE where the customer support is prompt by giving the information regrading the policy expiry date. I had no claim also the IDV value is good provided with the insurance policy.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , mumbai
    Reviewed on Jul 10, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Car Insurance
    "GOOD"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I have purchased the two wheeler insurance policy with the ICICI LOMBARD GENERAL INSURANCE where i had no claim experience with the policy. The premium paid was nominal also the IDV value is good with the policy. The service is good with the policy.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jul 10, 2019
  • National Insurance Car Insurance
    "Good Claim Experience"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I believe the premium is lesser for National Insurance car policy and they have good claim ratio when compared to private sector but the service needs to be improved. I done a claim there a small damage within a week time they came and took the details and within 15 days I got the reimbursement. I paid last premium of Rs. 10,461 for my Maruthi Baleno car.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , pune
    Reviewed on Jul 09, 2019
  • Oriental Insurance Car Insurance
    "GOOD"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I am using the policy since from last 2 years with ORIENTAL INSURANCE where they have given coverage is for bumper to bumper. The premium paid was nominal and the IDV value was good also there was a road side assistance. No claim bonus is there with the policy.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , new delhi
    Reviewed on Jul 08, 2019
  • Bajaj Allianz Car Insurance
    "Good policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    When i purchased my new car, i have bought the car insurance from Bajaj Allianz. I have made th premium amount of Rs. 33000 for the coverage amount of Rs. 9 lakhs. I do not applied for any claim till now. For the premium amount has taken along with the loan amount.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , kochi
    Reviewed on Jul 06, 2019
  • New India Car Insurance
    "Need to improve the service"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    Taken my car insurance from New India. My dealer has given the policy with them and I'm continuing with the same company. I pay the premium amount of Rs. 16000 for the coverage amount of Rs. 7.50 lakhs. I haven't got my no claim bonus. When i informed about the same, they were not ready to provide proper response.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , kochi
    Reviewed on Jul 06, 2019
  • National Insurance Car Insurance
    "Excellent car insurance policy"
    0.5 4.5/5 "Excellent!"
    I went to the dealer and he had a tie up with the National Insurance company hence i have chosen them. I paid the premium amount of Rs. 22000. They have provided me a coverage amount of Rs. 4 lakhs. They have provided me a hard copy of the documents. Its a zero depreciation policy. I get a facilities of no claim bonus, roadside assistance.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , rewari
    Reviewed on Jul 05, 2019
  • HDFC Ergo Car Insurance
    "GOOD"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    HDFC ERGO GENERAL INSURANCE is the company where i am using the car insurance policy since from last 6 months also the premium paid was nominal added on that the IDV value is nominal with the policy. The policy coverage is for bumper to bumper with the policy.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , jamnagar
    Reviewed on Jul 05, 2019
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