The amount of fuel consumed by a vehicle for every unit of distance travelled, is referred to be its mileage or fuel efficiency. The fuel efficiency of a vehicle depends on a number of factors like the power and torque delivery of the engine, road conditions, traffic conditions, weight of the vehicle, etc.
Generally, a car is filled up with a particular amount of fuel and the distance run by the car before the exhaustion of the fuel is checked, to ascertain the fuel efficiency of the car.
Factors Responsible For Difference In Mileage:
There are a number of factors on which the fuel efficiency of a car depends. Some of the most common factors that are likely to affect the fuel consumption of a vehicle are-
- Weight of the vehicle - Heavier vehicles consume more fuel.
- Engine capacity - A bigger displacement will mean more combustion of fuel and also more loss of energy.
- Air conditioning - Cars with ACs will consume more fuel.
- Transmission - Manual transmissions offer better fuel efficiency in comparison to automatics.
- Tyre pressure - Low tyre pressure leads to greater fuel consumption.
- Lubricants - A significant amount of energy is lost due to friction. Using proper lubricants and changing them on time will reduce the loss to a great extent.
- Driving habits - An aggressive driving habit, i.e, accelerating and braking really hard in the course of driving, consumes more fuel than usual.
The Most Fuel-Efficient Cars In India Right Now:
Fuel efficiency has always been a major concern in the Indian car market. The overall performance of a car is partly judged by its average fuel consumption. High mileage cars have always had a preference in India. Given below is the list of the top ten best mileage cars that are currently available in the Indian market. The car mileage figures mentioned here are certified by ARAI.
- Maruti Dzire: The Maruti Dzire is one of the fastest selling cars in the sedan segment. The car is powered by a four cylinder, 1,197 cc engine that generates 61 Kw of maximum power @ 6,000 rpm and 113 Nm of maximum torque @ 4,200 rpm. In spite of being a fairly powerful vehicle, this fuel saver car offers a fuel efficiency of 22 kmpl on the petrol variant and an impressive 28.40 kmpl on the diesel variant.
- Maruti Ciaz: The Maruti Ciaz has been one of the strongest contenders in the mid-size sedan segment. The car comes in two variants: petrol and diesel. The petrol variant is powered by a 1,373 cc engine which churns out 68 Kw of power @ 6,000 rpm and 130 Nm of torque @ 4,000 rpm. The diesel variant, on the other hand, is powered by a 1,248 cc smart hybrid engine that delivers a maximum power of 66 Kw @ 4,000 rpm and a maximum torque of 200 Nm @ 1,750 rpm. In addition to the impressive power figures, the Maruti Ciaz is also one of the best mileage cars with a spellbinding fuel consumption of just 1 litre of diesel for every 28.09 kms.
- Maruti Baleno: Yet another efficient hatchback from the house of Maruti , the Baleno is an all-rounder vehicle. This car is also available in two variants: petrol and diesel. Under the hood, the petrol version stores a four cylinder 1,197 cc engine which produces 62 Kw of power @ 6,000 rpm and 115 Nm of torque @ 4,000 rpm. The diesel variant is powered by a four cylinder 1,248 cc engine that produces a maximum power of 55.2 Kw @ 4,000 rpm and a maximum torque of 190 Nm @ 2,000 rpm. The car has managed to make its position amongst the top mileage cars with a fuel efficiency of 27.39 kmpl (diesel variant).
- Honda Jazz: The Honda Jazz is undoubtedly one of the best high mileage cars in the market right now. This premium hatchback sports a sporty and agile stance and its 1.5 litre i-DTEC diesel engine juices out a maximum power of 100 ps @ 3,600 rpm and a maximum torque of 200 Nm @ 1,750 rpm. It is also available in a petrol variant wherein a 1.2 litre i-VTEC engine produces 90 ps of power @ 6,000 rpm and 110 Nm of torque @ 4,800 rpm. Although the i-DTEC diesel engine produces a lot of power, it still manages to act as a fuel saver and offers a fuel efficiency of 27.3 kmpl.
- Tata Tiago: The Tata Tiago is one of the newest players in the market and also one of the most fuel efficient cars out there. It comes in both petrol and diesel variants. The 1.2 litre three cylinder petrol engine gives a power output of 85 ps @ 6,000 rpm while the 1.05 litre three cylinder diesel engine produces 70 ps @ 4,000 rpm. The car mileage stands at 27.28 kmpl.
- Maruti Ignis: The Ignis comes with a refreshing new design from Maruti and with a wide range of customisation options. The Ignis offers both internal and external customisation and that makes it unique. The 1.2 Litre VVT engine delivers 61 Kw of power @ 6,000 rpm and 113 Nm of torque @ 4,200 rpm. The 1.3 Litre DDiS engine, on the other hand, churns out 55.2 Kw of maximum power @ 4,000 rpm and 190 Nm of maximum power @ 2,000 rpm. With a fuel consumption of just a litre of diesel for every 26.8 kms, the Maruti Ignis is definitely one of the best mileage cars.
- Ford Figo: The new generation, facelifted Figo is just as successful as its predecessor. The car is packed with some of the best-in-class features and is available in both petrol and diesel variants. The petrol variant comes in two models based on the engine capacity: 1.2 litre and 1.5 litre. The diesel variant comes with a 1.5 litre TDCi engine with a maximum power delivery of 73 kw @ 3,750 rpm and a torque delivery of 215 Nm @ 1,750 - 3,000 rpm. The diesel engine is an absolute fuel saver and thus the Ford Figo is listed amongst one of the top mileage cars in India. The average fuel efficiency delivered by the Figo is 25.83 kmpl.
- Ford Figo Aspire: The Figo Aspire is the sibling of the Ford Figo which falls under the compact sedan segment. It shares its technical specifications with its sibling and gets the boot space as an addition to that. With the same engine under the hood, the Ford Figo Aspire offers the same fuel economy as the Figo.
- Honda Amaze: The Honda Amaze is a strong player in terms of top mileage cars, although it has not been very successful in terms of sales figures. Both the 1.2 litre petrol engine and 1.5 litre diesel engine are highly efficient and refined, but however, the i-DTEC diesel engine manages to churn out a robust mileage of 25.80 kmpl.
- Honda City: The much loved executive sedan segment leader from the creed of Honda recently got a facelift and has been one of the bestsellers since its first appearance. The car comes in petrol and diesel variants, both with a 1.5 litre four cylinder engine. The petrol version produces a maximum power of 119 ps @ 6,600 rpm and 145 Nm of torque @ 4,600 rpm and offers a fuel efficiency of 17.40 kmpl. The 1.5 litre i-DTEC diesel engine pumps out 100 ps of power @ 3,600 rpm and 200 Nm of torque @ 1,750 rpm while offering a mileage of 25.60 kmpl.
As mentioned earlier, all the above mentioned mileage figures are as per the ARAI certification and might change subject to driving style and other conditions.
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