A credit report is a detailed account of a person’s credit history. The credit report will include details of your credit accounts, like, credit cards, auto loans, home loans and any other form of credit availed from a registered lender. The credit report will also include details like payment history, credit limit and account balance, opening date of credit, status of loans (close or open, paid in full, not paid in full). The report will also include new credit inquiries, collection records and public records, for cases in which an individual has filed for bankruptcy or a tax lien.
A credit report can seem like quite an intimidating document to read, but listed below is a section-wise breakdown of how a person should read his/her credit report:
This section of the credit report will contain information pertaining to the individual’s identity, such as, the person’s name, address, current and previous accounts, date of birth, etc. An individual should check the details provided under this section, if there is an incorrect address in the report or the person’s name has been misspelled, he/she should report this to the Credit Rating Agency (CRA) as this could be a sign of wrong data being reflected in the report or credit fraud.
This section of the credit report will carry information pertaining to the person’s present and past credit account. The individual should check the details of this section carefully as this is quite a detailed section. The following details should be checked:
- Date of opening
- Name of creditor
- Current balance
- Highest balance/credit limit
- Monthly payment history
- Account type (Instalment, revolving, open)
- Account ownership (Individual or joint)
- Payment status
The individual should check the details in this section to verify that they are accurate. The balance reflected in various accounts are on the statement date, this can be a little confusing, as it may reflect a balance even if the individual has paid off in full or may show account that were closed prior to receiving the Credit Report.
This section of the Credit Report will list and bankruptcies filed by the individual, tax liens availed by the individual or collection accounts. The dates provided in this section should be checked as they will directly affect how long they will appear on an individual’s credit report and affect the person’s credit score.
This section carries data pertaining to any inquiries made by companies regarding an individual’s credit score. If an individual applies for multiple lines of credit, this could affect his/her score negatively. In most cases inquiries do not affect a person’s credit score, as they are soft inquiries by lenders for promotional purposes. A soft inquiry is generated when the request for the credit report is not related to the individual’s request for credit.