How to Read a Credit Report

A credit report is a detailed account of a person’s credit history. The credit report will include details of your credit accounts, like, credit cards, auto loans, home loans and any other form of credit availed from a registered lender. The credit report will also include details like payment history, credit limit and account balance, opening date of credit, status of loans (close or open, paid in full, not paid in full). The report will also include new credit inquiries, collection records and public records, for cases in which an individual has filed for bankruptcy or a tax lien.

A credit report can seem like quite an intimidating document to read, but listed below is a section-wise breakdown of how a person should read his/her credit report:

  1. Personal Information

    This section of the credit report will contain information pertaining to the individual’s identity, such as, the person’s name, address, current and previous accounts, date of birth, etc. An individual should check the details provided under this section, if there is an incorrect address in the report or the person’s name has been misspelled, he/she should report this to the Credit Rating Agency (CRA) as this could be a sign of wrong data being reflected in the report or credit fraud.

  2. Account Information

    This section of the credit report will carry information pertaining to the person’s present and past credit account. The individual should check the details of this section carefully as this is quite a detailed section. The following details should be checked:

    • Date of opening
    • Name of creditor
    • Current balance
    • Highest balance/credit limit
    • Monthly payment history
    • Account type (Instalment, revolving, open)
    • Account ownership (Individual or joint)
    • Payment status

    The individual should check the details in this section to verify that they are accurate. The balance reflected in various accounts are on the statement date, this can be a little confusing, as it may reflect a balance even if the individual has paid off in full or may show account that were closed prior to receiving the Credit Report.

  3. Public Records

    This section of the Credit Report will list and bankruptcies filed by the individual, tax liens availed by the individual or collection accounts. The dates provided in this section should be checked as they will directly affect how long they will appear on an individual’s credit report and affect the person’s credit score.

  4. Inquiries

    This section carries data pertaining to any inquiries made by companies regarding an individual’s credit score. If an individual applies for multiple lines of credit, this could affect his/her score negatively. In most cases inquiries do not affect a person’s credit score, as they are soft inquiries by lenders for promotional purposes. A soft inquiry is generated when the request for the credit report is not related to the individual’s request for credit.

News About How to Read a Credit Report

  • Election Results 2019: India’s credit rating depends on policies by new govt, says Moody’s

    Moody’s credit rating agency has stated that India’s credit rating will depend on policies of the new government, as per a latest report from PTI. The credit rating agency expressed hope that the country would continue with its fiscal consolidation plans. William Foster, Moody's Investors Service VP Sovereign Risk Group stated that new policies are yet to be formulated following which the agency will be able to allot credit ratings to the country. The credit rating agency expects broad push towards fiscal consolidation to remain. At the same time, it predicts a greater policy emphasis on supporting low income.

    Moody’ upped the country’s rating to 'Baa2' from 'Baa3', changing outlook to 'stable' from 'positive' in 2017. The US-based credit rating agency said reforms would help stabilise rising levels of debt. In the interim budget that was announced in February, the government pegged the fiscal deficit for 2019-20 at 3.4% of GDP, as against the original target of 3.1%. The fiscal deficit was 3.4% of GDP in 2018-19.

    24 May 2019

  • Credit Bureaus Waiting to Measure Creditworthiness with Alternate Data

    The credit bureaus want to use alternative data to measure creditworthiness of consumers who have no or limited loan records. As per a report from the Economic Times, the bureaus in the country are eagerly waiting for the final draft of the personal data protection law that will allow them to calculate credit scores of potential borrowers who have no credit history. A draft of the Indian Personal Data Protection Act has been placed in the public forum by the Ministry of Information Technology (MeiTY). By the end of 2019, it is widely anticipated to be tabled in parliament with a few amendments. Traditionally, the credit bureaus measure the creditworthiness of borrowers by measuring their credit health. However, the bureaus now want to move beyond credit and also take into consideration alternate data such as telecom companies, payment firms, and government databases. The factors outside the core banking system is expected to help the bureaus analyse the behaviour patterns of potential borrowers who

    When you apply for credit products like loan or credit card, lenders such as banks check your credit score. Higher credit scores suggest you have been a responsible borrower thereby resulting in cheaper interest rates on loans. Harshala Chandorkar, COO, Trans-Union CIBIL told ET that alternate data also has merit and it enables credit bureaus access behavioural patterns of individuals with no credit history. However, they have a phone connection which can give further access to alternate data. She added that any kind of payment behaviour can be predicted and can be analysed at the time of deciding whether to approve a loan or a credit card application. Manu Sehgal, business development leader, emerging markets at Equifax gave some insights about potential borrowers. He the current banking sector has around 400 million customers who have no credit history. Of them, around 300 million customers have one account and the rest 100 million have no account. As per Sehgal, the number of potential borrowers with not enough credit data is high and therefore, it is important to make it easier for them to get access to credit.

    The government has announced that the law would be comprehensive and modelled after the European legislation on data protection. At present, all the four credit bureaus in the country are mandated by Credit Information Companies (Regulation) Act (CIC Act). Under the act, the credit bureaus are not allowed to use alternative data in generating credit scores. These credit bureaus can only use loan account data from core banking system such as repayment time of loans, default history and the size of defaults.

    9 April 2019

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CIC Reviews

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  • review Personal Loan
    "Need to decrease interest rate "
    BAJAJ FINANCE LIMITED
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    BAJAJ FINANCE has offered a pre approved personal loan offer and I accepted for the same. I have taken this loan 2 months back. The process was smooth and submitted required docuemtns within 1.5 hrs amount was credited to my account with 1.64L with tenure period of 4 years. The rate of interest is 18% which is high. Fee was deducted of 9K. There is pre closure option after 30 days with charge of 4%. EMI need to pay the amount of 4K. The best which I would like to say is online process was done with short term.
    Was this review helpful? 3
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • ICICI Bank
    ICICI Bank Personal Loan
    "Good service"
    ICICI BANK
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    The tenure for ICICI personal loan is for 3 years, I have taken the loan for some personal purposes. I got my loan statements on time but the interest rate of the loan is 12% which is bit high for me. I wish the bank can reduce it up to 10%. Otherwise everything is good about the loan.
    Was this review helpful? 3
    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • RBL Bank Credit Card
    "Easy to convert for EMI "
    RATNAKAR BANK
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I got RBL card offer from BAJAJ Finance. I have been using this card past 10 months which is a life time free card. The credit limit is sufficient of 55K. EMI conversion is avail and I can convert via mobile app whenever required with nominal charge. I use this card for general purpose. Based on usage I get points but not yet redeem it.
    Was this review helpful? 3
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • SBI Cards Credit Card
    "Good service"
    SBI CARDS
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    SBI credit card have offers and reward points but I have not redeem them yet, this is a domestic card, the credit limit is of 50000 which I am very much satisfied as per my need. I got my statement on time. I used this card for personal purposes.The card is very user friendly.
    Was this review helpful? 2
    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • SBI Cards Credit Card
    "Ok service"
    SBI CARDS
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I am using SBI credit card for more than three months, there are some reward points and offers in the card. I used this card for online shopping, fuel surcharge and groceries.The credit limit of the card is sufficient and I like the most about the card is that it is a life time free card and very good to use.
    Was this review helpful? 2
    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
    "Ok service"
    INDUSIND BANK LTD
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    The bank agent suggest me to take credit card from INDUSIND and I have taken it because it doesn't have any annual fee. The offer and reward points are available in the card are good. I am satisfied with the limit of the card. I used the card for general purposes. But it will be nice, if the offers and reward points will be more.
    Was this review helpful? 5
    , jaipur
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
    "Good service"
    INDUSIND BANK LTD
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I am using INDUSIND credit card for 3 months. The card have no offers available and also there is no rewards. The only benefit is that its a life time free card and the credit limit is only for 75000 I am not that satisfied as i expected to get around 1.5 lakh. Apart from the limit over all experience is good.
    Was this review helpful? 3
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
    "Excellent card"
    INDUSIND BANK LTD
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I have got INDUSIND credit card few months ago and I have used it for two months now ,the credit limit of the card is Rs.70000 which is a life time free card. The bank have informed me every details about the reward points and offers but I have not got any time check it. I am satisfied with their card service.
    Was this review helpful? 3
    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • ICICI Bank Credit Card
    "Good service"
    ICICI BANK
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    Am having ICICI credit card for two years, I feel good and have not face any issues. The best part about the card is its a life time free card. I used to get my card statement on time. I used this card for shopping, groceries and for many other personal purposes.I am using the bank mobile app which function smooth and simple.
    Was this review helpful? 2
    , faridabad
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • SBI Cards Credit Card
    "Good service"
    SBI CARDS
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I have used SBI credit card for 2-3 months, but I have not got any time to check about the offers available in the card. The limit of the card is 38000 and I am satisfied because its a life time free card. I used to get my card statement on time and the net banking is also working very well.
    Was this review helpful? 5
    , faridabad
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
    "Good service "
    INDUSIND BANK LTD
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    Since it is a life time free card offer from INDUSIND so I chosen it and applied through online. I received a call on time and they have done the verification process. Hence I received the card by 7 days, the credit limit is okay for me. Its easy to use for all purposes.
    Was this review helpful? 3
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • Citibank Credit Card
    "Good "
    CITIBANK
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    CITI has provided good offers and benefits on 2 months before. So I chosen this card and applied through online. It is annual fee chargeable of 500 rupees bu there is waiver off option if I spend 30K within a year. The credit limit is 65K. There is EMI conversion avail for this card.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , coimbatore
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • HDFC Bank Credit Card
    "very good"
    HDFC BANK
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I have used credit card from HDFC bank for 1 year which is very good and also very comfortable, its a life time free card and lots of offers are available in the card. This card was suggested to me by my colleague. Mobile banking also functions very smooth.
    Was this review helpful? 4
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
    "Average service"
    INDUSIND BANK LTD
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    INDUSIND bank credit card have an credit limit of of Rs.75000, there is no offers available in the card and it also have a charges of 3000 along with GST. I hardly receive any remainder messages for my bill payment due to that some time I could not pay my bill on time. I would advise them send my bill on time before the due date.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • Axis Bank Car Loan
    "Average"
    AXIS BANK
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    Through showroom got suggestion to take a car loan from AXIS bank. I taken this loan on 3 years back. I got the loan amount of 4L with tenure period of 4 years. The rate of interest was okay. I done the down payment of around 1.5L. EMI need to pay of 10,500 rupees. The car model is Swift Dzire. I taken for commercial purpose based on amount which I get on monthly doing the EMI payment.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , kolkata
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • ICICI Bank Credit Card
    "Need to increase the credit limit "
    ICICI BANK
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I have been using ICICI card for more than one year. They have provided an annual fee chargeable card and waiver off option is applicable. The credit limit is okay of 50K. Since I need to do purchase about 45K on some of the month so this limit is not sufficient. I swipe the card for travel, shopping and fuel purposes. I have not opted for EMI conversion.
    Was this review helpful? 2
    , kolkata
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • Axis Bank Credit Card
    "Good card"
    AXIS BANK
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I have been using AXIS bank credit card for 3 years, Its a life time free card so I applied the card through bank. The agent have informed me everything about the card. I used to get offers of 10% on petrol bunk and shopping.The limit of the card is Rs.45000 and I used to pay my bill directly through bank.I am also using their net banking which is very good.
    Was this review helpful? 4
    , kolkata
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
    "Good service"
    INDUSIND BANK LTD
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I got INDUSIND credit card from few months ago.The card have an EMI conversion. I used the card for multi purposes like shopping, online payment, ticket booking. This is annually chargeable card, I am not satisfied with the credit limit of Rs.75000 as I am expecting more than than 1 lakh.
    Was this review helpful? 3
    , kolkata
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
    "Excellent"
    INDUSIND BANK LTD
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I got a life time free card offer from INDUSIND bank hence applied through online on three months back. I received the call on time and the process was done on smooth. I got the card on exact time frame. The credit limit is sufficient and they provided good offers and benefit as well.I use this card for shopping and travel purpose.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , kolkata
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
  • RBL Bank Credit Card
    "Average service"
    RATNAKAR BANK
    0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
    RBL credit card is a chargeable card, I always have to go to Bajaj Finance to pay my credit card bill. I am not satisfied with the customer service which has to be improved. I used this card when ever needed for shopping, fuel surcharge and bill payment.The limit of the card is fine.
    Was this review helpful? 3
    , ranchi
    Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
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