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  • Conversion Certificate

    The process of converting an agricultural land to a non-agricultural land for the purpose of building or construction a house or vice versa is generally dubbed as land conversion.

    The process of converting an agricultural land to a non-agricultural land for the purpose of building or construction a house or vice versa is generally dubbed as land conversion. In certain states, it’s also called as DC (Deputy Commissioner) Conversion as the conversion is generally initiated by a deputy commissioner or the sub-divisional officer.

    If you are the property owner, you are required to send an application to the Deputy Commissioner for permission regarding the change of land use—from agricultural land to non-agricultural land. The procedure of land conversion varies from state to state. For instance, the government of Karnataka recently launched an online process pertaining to land conversion that would help mitigate delays and keep a check on corruption. The Karnataka government also introduced a rule where an agriculturalist constructing a farmhouse on an agricultural land should use it for personal use and not for commercial purposes. Any violation of the rule is subject to heavy penalties.

    In order to apply for land conversion certificate, you need to submit a few documents. A conversion fee will be imposed accordingly.

    Importance of Conversion Certificate

    If you construct a residential property without having a construction certification, heavy penalties may be levied on you. Also, if you have bought an agricultural land to construct a house but you don’t have the conversion certificate, you won’t be allowed to build anything on the land. In case you go ahead and construct a house on an agricultural land that hasn’t been converted, the authority has the right to demolish your property.

    So, make sure you get a conversion certificate before buying a house or if you are planning to construct a property on your agricultural land.

    How to obtain Conversion Certificate

    The process of getting a conversion certificate is different in different states. For the purpose of illustration, let’s see how it works in Karnataka.

    Offline Method

    Step 1: Seeking Approval from the Concerned Authority

    First, you have to seek permission for conversion. You have to send an application to the Deputy Commissioner or the Collector requesting the same. You are required to submit a few documents along with your application, which should include land record certificate, copies of the land map, measurement plan, and mutation letter, among others.

    Step 2: Verification Conducted by the Concerned Authority

    After receiving your application, the concerned authority will verify the details of the property you have provided through the Tehsil office. An officer will visit the site to check if it’s a vacant land. If the property is a disputed one, your application may get rejected. Similarly, any presence of existing structures or high intensity electricity lines may lead to application rejection.

    Step 3: Consulting the Development Authority

    The sub-divisional officer or collector will consult with the Planning and Development Authority to check the master plan if your property is within the municipal boundaries. They will also check whether there are any land-related objections. If there are any objections, the same will be submitted in writing to the concerned authority.

    Step 4: Getting Approved

    If everything goes well, the CLU (Change of Land Use) application will be approved. However, you need to make sure you have cleared the CLU charges and abide by the fact that you won’t be using the land for any other purpose. Also, you have to inform the Tehsildar about CLU within 30 days so that necessary changes can be made in your land record details.

    Online Method

    Step 1: Visit “Land Records Bhoomi” and go to the “How to Apply For Land Conversion” page so as to create your profile. You need to enter your name, desired ID and password, Aadhaar details, and mobile number. Click on “Send OTP” button and you will receive a one-time password on your registered mobile number. Enter the OTP and captcha and click on the “Register” button to create your profile.

    Land Conversion

    Step 2: Upon registering, you have to submit the current record of rights, tenancy and crops (RTC), an 11E sketch (applicable if the land conversion application falls within the same survey number), property mutation, and an affidavit.

    Step 3: Once you are done submitting the aforementioned documents, your request will be forwarded to the Urban Development Authority. The officials will verify the details of the land along with the master plan.

    Step 4: Upon verification, you might be asked to pay an online fee. After that, the DC will approve the conversion application and sign the order digitally. You can download or take a printout of the duly signed conversion order online.

    Documents Required for Conversion Certificate

    For offline application, you will need more documents to submit compared to online application. Also, the online application process is simpler with a quick turnaround time.

    Here are the documents you need to submit while applying for a land conversion certificate:

    • Mutation letter
    • Original sale deed
    • Title deed
    • No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the concerned authorities
    • Copies of land map
    • Copies of land records
    • Registration certificate and appointment letter of the architect
    • Copies of building plan and site plan
    • Tax deposit receipt (latest)
    • Zonal certificate from Urban Development Authority
    • Copy of Form 10 (certified) as a proof for occupancy rights
    • Survey map (certified)
    • Copy of Land Tribunal Order (certified)

    Fees and Charges

    The fees and charges differ from state to state. If the land is used for residential purpose, a conversion fee of Rs.327 will be charged (if the land is within 12km of the City Corporation limit). For Taluk Centre, a fee of Rs.218 will be levied and Rs.89 will be charged for the rural areas.

    For commercial use of the land, a conversion fee of Rs.654 will be charged (if the land is within 12km of the City Corporation limit). For Taluk Centre, a fee of Rs.327 will be levied and Rs.218 will be charged for the rural areas.

    So, if you are looking for land conversion, ensure that your property-related documents are legit. Once the conversion is done, do not violate the terms and conditions at any cost. For instance, if you have converted the land to construct personal residence, do not use it for commercial purpose. Violation of such may lead to demolition of the property by the concerned authorities.


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