• FD Vs NSC

    If you have cash and an investment choice to make, then NSC as well as fixed deposits are the two most popular financial tools. However, both these tools are beneficial in their own unique ways.

    National Savings Certificate or NSC is one of the primary savings scheme floated and held by the government of India. The scheme offers lucrative returns to customers and is a safe bet for people looking for a low-risk investment choice. On the other hand, fixed deposits are instruments offered by both private and public banks and even by other non-banking financial institutions too.

    Which financial tool should be preferred out of NSCs and FDs and why?

    Based on various parameters listed below, you can make a choice between which financial tool to opt for, fixed deposits or NSCs. Both these investment options have their pros and cons and their demand may vary depending upon customers preferences.

    • Rate of interest offered
    • NSCs

      Returns offered by NSCs are in the range of 8.5% - 8.8% which is comparable to what is offered by fixed deposit schemes of banks and NBFCs. However, interest rates on NSCs are calculated every six months and hence the effective rate of interest comes to around 8.78% - 9.00%.

      Fixed Deposits

      Fixed deposit schemes offer interest rates that vary with respect to the lock-in period. Apart from regular schemes, special and higher rates of interest are offered to customers. FDs allow almost accurate calculation of final returns if you know the rate of interest being offered by the bank on your deposit.

    • Lock-in period (Liquidity of cash)
    • NSCs

      Lock-in period for NSC schemes is either 5 years or 10 years. The rate of interest offered on 10 year term NSCs is greater than that offered on 5 year term. Some customers thus are not comfortable with such long lock-in periods and hence prefer to invest their money in fixed deposit schemes which offer higher liquidity than NSCs.

      Fixed Deposits

      Fixed deposit schemes offer interest rates that vary with respect to the lock-in period. Apart from regular schemes, special and higher rates of interest are offered to customers. Customers can choose deposit periods depending upon their convenience and the rate of return they are fine with. Even when fixed deposits are made for a specific tenure, the money can be pre-maturely withdrawn with or without paying any pre-mature withdrawal fee.

    • Applicable tax on returns earned
    • NSCs

      Returns earned from NSCs are exempt from income tax under section 80C of the Income Tax Act. This signifies that actual returns are even higher than those estimated. This makes NSC a good investment choice for customers who do not mind locking their money for longer periods.

      Fixed Deposits

      Returns earned on fixed deposits are taxable and hence actual returns might not be as high as quoted by banks. However, certain fixed deposit schemes like the tax saver deposit scheme offered by almost all major private and public sector banks, is a good scheme under which tax deduction under section 80D of the Income Tax Act, can be claimed.

    • Premature withdrawal feature
    • NSCs

      National Savings Certificate has this one major drawback of unavailability of premature withdrawal before the tenure of 5 or 10 years gets completed. Your NSC can only be withdrawn prematurely under the following three conditions –

      • On death of the holder
      • On forfeiture of scheme by some gazette government officer
      • When withdrawal is ordered by court of law

      Fixed Deposits

      Premature withdrawal of fixed deposits is allowed by almost all banks and NBFCs. This pre-closure, however, is charged a specific pre-mature withdrawal fee which depends upon the bank in which you have your fixed deposit account. Some banks do not charge any fee for withdrawing deposits prematurely.

    • Loan facility
    • NSCs

      National Savings Certificate are a great financial tool to use as collateral against secured loans. For loans such as car loans, home loans etc. banks expect customers to deposit some form of collateral as security against their loans. These are used to recover money in case customers default to pay off their loans. Financial instruments like NSCs, fixed deposit schemes and insurance policies make great collaterals.

      Fixed Deposits

      Fixed deposits too like NSCs are preferred by banks as collateral for obtaining secured loans. Fixed deposits with the same bank are even better when availing loans. These deposits are kept as security by banks so that in case a customer defaults in paying off his/her loan, banks are able to recover some amount of money through these deposits.

    • Safety of deposit amount
    • NSCs

      National Savings Certificate are financial instruments issues by the government of India and as such the safety of capital invested is quite high.

      Fixed Deposits

      Fixed deposits too like NSCs are quite secure. However, FD schemes by public sector banks are considered to be safer than those offered by private sector banks and NBFCs. Customers who are conservative with respect to their savings habit should opt for deposits offered by government aided banks rather than private banks.

    To sum up, it is safe to say that fixed deposits are financial instruments that offer not only great benefits but also flexibility to customers. Deposit schemes can be availed as per the convenience of customers. Their maturity period, premature withdrawal and denomination can be controlled by customers. On the contrary except for the amount of NSC, tenure and premature withdrawal is not by any means in the hands of customers. Any customer who wants to avail more liquidity should opt for fixed deposit schemes and should try levelling the tax return benefit of NSCs by opting for tax-saver deposit schemes.

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    Fixed Deposit vs National Savings Certificate (NSC) Reviews

    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good in FD service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I am having a savings account with State Bank of India hence i have selected the Fixed deposit investment scheme with them. They are providing the interest rate of 8%. I have invested the money 2 years back and there is a lockin period of 72 months.
      Was this review helpful? 35
      , visakhapatnam
      Reviewed on Mar 02, 2020
    • Kotak
      Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Safe and secure"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      Kotak Mahindra bank is a reliable bank and good management thats the reason i have invested the fixed deposit scheme in this bank. They have provided me a interest rate of 7% and i have kept for the period of 1 year and 1 month. Overall, I'm satisfied with their services.
      Was this review helpful? 7
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Mar 01, 2020
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Safe and Secure"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have purchased HDFC Fixed deposit which I am renewing for every 13 months. They have given me an interest rate of 7% and There is no processing fee and there is no locking period as well. If I'm withdrawing FD amount before locking period, they are charging some amount.
      Was this review helpful? 19
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Mar 01, 2020
    • Punjab National Bank Fixed Deposit
      "PNB Fixed Scheme is good"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I went to the nearby branch for the Punjab National Bank for taking my fixed deposit as per my family members recommendation. I have invested the money of Rs. 50000 there was a lockin duration of 6 years when i withdraw the money, i got the money of Rs.1 lakhs. They have offered me a interest rate of 7%.
      Was this review helpful? 15
      , jamshedpur
      Reviewed on Feb 27, 2020
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I was having my savings account from Post office hence i have invested my money into Post office Fixed deposit scheme. I have invested the money of Rs. 25000. There is a lockin period of 10 years. I have invested the money in the year of 2011. Post office service is proper. Overall, I'm happy about the services.
      Was this review helpful? 43
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Feb 25, 2020
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "FD is not good with HDFC"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have invested some money as a Fixed deposit in HDFC Bank and the interest rate is not that much great because they are giving interest as compared to others. I have invested the money of Rs. 3L and there is a locking period of 5 years. Its 7% interest rate. If they are increasing the interest rate, it would be fine. Since I do all my transactions with this bank, I have selected same for my FD as well.
      Was this review helpful? 16
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Jan 31, 2020
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good support"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have chosen my fixed deposit scheme from State bank of India because I'm maintaining my salary account with them and they provided rate of interest is fine for me. I have invested the money of Rs. 2.75 lakhs. There is a locking period of 45 days. They are giving interest rate of 4.5%. Overall, I'm satisfied with their services.
      Was this review helpful? 25
      , namakkal
      Reviewed on Jan 18, 2020
    • Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Good App"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have been investing the money of Rs. 3 lakhs for the fixed deposit. I have selected Kotak mahindra bank for the FD because their net banking facility is very different when i compared to other. I can access everything regarding the account hence its easy to handle the transactions. I'm not sure about the interest rates. 7 months before, i have invested the money.
      Was this review helpful? 11
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Jan 08, 2020
    • Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent Services"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      Its because of the competitive interest rates, i have selected the Fixed deposit in Kotak Mahindra bank. I have invested the fixed deposit 1.5 years ago and there is a lockin period of 5 years. They have invested the amount of Rs. 7.5 % and the employees are helpful in the branch.
      Was this review helpful? 9
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Jan 08, 2020
    • Axis Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Savings scheme"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have a Fixed deposit in Axis bank. I have invested the money of Rs. 10000 for two FDs. There is a lockin duration of 1 year. They are giving a interest rate of 7%. Through net banking, i have activated this Fixed deposit. There is no tax benefits available. Axis bank service has been good. Overall, I'm happy about their services.
      Was this review helpful? 10
      , kolkata
      Reviewed on Dec 31, 2019
    • Oriental Bank of Commerce Fixed Deposit
      "Good Scheme"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      Since last 15 years, i have a account with Oriental bank of commerce thats the reason i have invested the money in fixed deposit with the same bank. I have invested the amount of Rs. 11 lakhs. They are giving the interest rate of 6.5%. There is no locking period but i have chosen the duration of 1.5 years. There is no additional charges deducted for this fixed deposit.
      Was this review helpful? 17
      , bulandshahr
      Reviewed on Dec 03, 2019
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Good Service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      Interest rate is very low in Indian post office Fixed deposit scheme because they are providing only 8.5%. I have chosen this office because of the child benefits. I have invested the money of Rs. 1.5 years. Its 3 years lock in period. Overall, I'm satisfied with the service provided by post office employees.
      Was this review helpful? 64
      , parvathipuram
      Reviewed on Dec 03, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good bank for Fixed Deposit"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have invested the money in SBI for a fixed deposit and based on my wife recommendation i have chosen it. They are providing the interest rate of 7.25%. They have option to select the lock in period in that i have chosen 5 years. We had visited their branch and the response was good.
      Was this review helpful? 36
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Nov 12, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good one"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      Its easy accessible and to redeem so that i have invested the money in Fixed Deposit with HDFC BANK. I have invested the money of Rs. 2.5 lakhs and they have provided me a interest rate of 7.5%. There is no locking period. I didn't got any additional charges till now.
      Was this review helpful? 21
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Nov 12, 2019
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Safety deposit"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have paid the money of Rs. 4.5 lakhs as a fixed deposit in the Indian post office. For the safety purpose, i have chosen the post office account. They are offering me a interest rate of 7.9%. There is a lockin period of 5 years. If i withdraw the money in 1 year, they will reduce the interest rate of 2% and after 3 years, its 1%.
      Was this review helpful? 117
      , jaipur
      Reviewed on Nov 08, 2019
    • Central Bank of India Fixed Deposit
      "Good Bank"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      Interest rates are less in Central Bank of India so I had taken a fixed deposit. I have invested the money of Rs. 1 lakh in my wife's name. Branch is near from my place so I have chosen this bank. Yearly once, I get the money of Rs. 6,765 for the interest. There is a locking period of 1 year.
      Was this review helpful? 14
      , tirupur
      Reviewed on Nov 06, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Customer centrice & User friendly app"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I am doing Fixed Deposit with ICICI BANK and its been around 5years. They haven't been paying good interest and its more or less same like other banks as I used to hold my salary account with ICICI, I have decided to be with one bank. There is no locking period and its flexible. They do give good support and the app is user friendly. Even deposit account can be opened through i-mobile or net banking itself.
      Was this review helpful? 20
      , nasik
      Reviewed on Oct 15, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I had a Fixed Deposit in State Bank of India, I have completed the tenure before 3months ago. I have no issues with the customer service. They are given me 7% interest rate for 2years. There is no profit and processing fee. I got an online access, where I can check the interest rate anytime on the YONO app or else SBI online.
      Was this review helpful? 31
      , tirupati
      Reviewed on Oct 15, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Interest charges are good. "
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I have invested some money through FD. My salary account is in SBI so i have a zero ATM charges and the limit is not actually set by SBI. They do have short term FDs which is pretty good. I have invested the money of Rs. 60000 and the interest rate is 10.01% for the tenure period of 16 months. There is no lockin period. There is no hassle to getting the money back.
      Was this review helpful? 44
      , kolkata
      Reviewed on Oct 01, 2019
    • Dena Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good plan for senior citizen"
      0.5 2.0/5 "Expected more"
      I have invested the money in Dena bank through Fixed deposit and the growth is not that much good. They are not taking any hidden charges. Only because of the Government undertaken bank, i have selected them. They are providing a interest rate of 6% per annum. I have invested the money of Rs. 2 lakhs. There is a lockin period of 1 year.
      Was this review helpful? 18
      , new delhi
      Reviewed on Sep 24, 2019
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