Santa Claus comes around just once a year. In the meantime, there are Credit Cards.
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  • How a Credit Card Works

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  • Switch from paper to plastic, because that is where the world is headed to. Credit cards are one of those financial products that have revolutionised the entire economic world. Credit cards are small plastic cards that allow the holder to purchase goods and products on credit. Almost all banks and financial institutions provide credit cards to customers. Most credit cards also come with additional perks and features. Some of these cards are tailor made to suit the needs of certain individuals such as travel cards, lifestyle cards, business cards and so on, that cater to a specific category of customers. Before delving into the exciting world of credit cards and their various offerings, individuals will have to understand how a credit card works.

    Understanding the Workings of a Credit Card

    There are a number of parameters and parties that are involved in the entire process of credit card transactions and processing. These include -

    • Merchant - Can be an individual or a company and uses a POS or point of sale terminal to swipe the credit card.
    • Acquirer - An acquirer is one who issues a POS machine to a merchant. This can be a financial institution or a bank that processes debit or credit card payments on behalf of the merchant such as ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank and so on.
    • Issuer of credit card - This is a credit card company or a bank that offers individuals credit cards.
    • Association - These are payment processing networks such as MasterCard and Visa. Some companies such as American Express act as both payment processing networks as well as credit card issuers.
    • Payment Gateway - This is used when an individual shops online. It refers to an online application for authorizing payments for credit cards. It is somewhat similar to a physical point of sale terminal at outlets.

    How a Credit Card Transaction Works

    When an individual swipes their credit card at the POS terminal of the merchant, a request is submitted by the merchant to the acquirer through a dial-up modem phone connection or a dedicated network connection. A request is then sent to the acquirer to the issuer in order to authorise the transaction. The cardholder’s account is then verified by the credit card issuer in order to cover the purchase. In case there is sufficient credit available, an authorization code is sent to the acquirer. The transaction is then authorised by the acquirer and the cardholder gets the product.

    There are a number of individuals who swipe their card at the exact same merchant each day and in order to track these sales receipt, the merchant will send these requests in batches. This batch is sent through the card association/network (MasterCard/Visa) in order to request payment from the issuer (Card or Bank provider). This network then distributes each of these transactions to the relevant issuer.

    The credit card company then deducts its interchange fee which can range from 1% to 3% of the transaction amount and is then shared with the card network which transfers the relevant amount to the acquirer. This acquirer will then keep a margin or discount rate and transfer the rest to the merchant.

    The merchant will receive the amount after a deduction of 1.5% to 3.5% of the value of sale(s). The transaction rates may vary for each and every merchant based on the number of transactions or volume, type of transaction and category. These rates are generally set by contract between the acquirer and merchant.

    This process is the same for online shopping as well, except for those payments that are processed through payment gateways such as PayUMoney, VeriSign and so on, instead of POS terminals at all merchant establishments.

    Display of any trademarks, tradenames, logos and other subject matters of intellectual property belong to their respective intellectual property owners. Display of such IP along with the related product information does not imply BankBazaar's partnership with the owner of the Intellectual Property or issuer/manufacturer of such products.

    How a Credit Card Works Reviews

    • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
      "Good"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I received a card on time which was applied through an online with INDUSIND bank. It is a life time free credit card. The credit limit is given was okay because I was expecting more than that. So far no issue faced by using this card. Their service is good.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • HDFC Bank
      HDFC Bank Credit Card
      "Need to enhance the credit limit"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      For the past 2 years I am using HDFC BANK credit card for more than 2 years with low credit limit of 21 thousands only for 2 years I am using this card yet they have not enhance it. It is a life time free credit card. EMI option is applicable and charges are nominal.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • SBI Cards Credit Card
      "Need to enhance the credit limit"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I have been holding SBI credit card for more than 3 years. It is an annual fee chargeable of 2000 rupees and there is no option for a waiver off. The credit limit is sufficient for 50 thousands only. EMI option is applicable for this card and it is nominal.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Credit Card
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have ICICI Bank credit card which was taken through Bank directly .I am using this credit card for the past 2.5 years ,The credit limit was very less and there was no difficulties faced so far ,I have got the credit card on time without any hassle and this card is really good to use .
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
      "Excellent"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      The reason for taking Indusind Bank Ltd credit card because of the higher credit limit. I have used the card and made a payment as well without any difficulty. The credit limit is more than sufficient. They did not inform me about the reward points. The documentation process is easy.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • RBL Bank Credit Card
      "Good Service"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I am holding RATNAKAR BANK credit card for more than 2 years. It is an annual fee chargeable card of 1000 rupees and there is an option for a waiver off for a certain amount of usage. EMI option is applicable and charges are nominal. I use this card for many purposes.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
      "Excellent Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have Indusind Bank credit card which was taken through Online .I have got the credit card on delay basis it took 1month time that was the difficulty faced by me .The credit limit was good and this was a free card .I am really satisfied with the service so far .There was no cash back offers and reward points .
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • Citibank Credit Card
      "Good Service"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I have Citi Bank credit card for the past 1 year .I am using this credit card for the past 1year .I have got all the required details about the card process ,I have got this credit card on time without any hassle .The credit limit was pretty good and there was no drawbacks faced .I am satisfied with the service .
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • RBL Bank Credit Card
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have Ratnakar Bank credit card which was taken through Bank .I am using this credit card for the past 1 year and it was a chargeable card ,I have got my credit card on time without any delay .The credit limit was really good and there was no drawbacks faced .I am realy satisfied with the service .
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • SBI Cards Credit Card
      "Good Service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have State Bank OF India credit card which was taken through Bank direclty.I am using this credit card for the past 6 years .I have got good credit limit and there was no difficulties faced while using tis card .It is very easy to use and very comfortable as well .I am satisfied with this credit card so far.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Credit Card
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have HDFC Bank credit card which was taken through Bank.I am using this credit card for the past 6 years .I have got all the required details about the card process ,I have got my credit card on time without any details .The credit limit was really good and there was no drawbacks faced .I am totally satisfied with the service .
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
      "Good Service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I am using Indusind Bank credit card which was taken through Online .The credit limit was very good it was upto 1 lakh it was sufficient .I have got all the required details about the card process.I have not faced so far on using this card .This was a free card .I am totally satisfied with the service .
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • Kotak Credit Card
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have Kotak Mahindra Bank credit card which was taken through Bank .I am using this credit card for the past 4 years ,This card is very easy to use and there was no difficulties faced so far .I am really satisfied with the service .I am comfortable with the service so far.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • RBL Bank Credit Card
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have Ratnakar Bank credit card which was taken through Bank directly. I am using this credit card for the past 1 year and got all the required information about the card process very clearly . This was a chargeable card and the credit limit was really good and it was 1,52,000. I am completely satisfied with the service.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
      "Need to enhance the credit limit"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I received a card on time which was applied through an online with INDUSIND bank. It is a life time free credit card. The credit limit is given for 75 thousands which was low because I was expecting more than a one lakh. EMI option is applicable. I have been using this card for shopping, fuel and restaurant purpose.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • SBI Cards Credit Card
      "Very Nice to use"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      In SBI, they are providing a voucher if i pay the annual fee of Rs. 3000 and if i use more than Rs. 5000 yearly, the annual fee is getting waived off. In SBI, i have a prime card. They gave me a credit limit of Rs. 50000. Customer care service is good.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
      "Very Good to use"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      They have given me a nice offers and the rewards points will be nice when I'm getting in a shopping. I have got the credit limit of Rs. 1 lakhs. There is a annual fee of Rs. 3000 but i can pay this by using the rewards points. I have got the first month bill and i have to pay on 24th of this month. The statement is clear to understand.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Credit Card
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have ICICI Bank credit card which was taken through Bank directly.I am using this credit card for the past 4 years and got all the required information about the card process very clearly .This was a free card and and there was no difficulties faced so far on using this card .
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • SBI Cards Credit Card
      "Good Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have State Bank Of India credit card which was taken through Bank.I am using this credit card for the past 4 years.This was a free card and there are good reward points as well as cash back offers .I have submitted the required documents very clearly .There are good reward points as well as cash back offers .I am satisfied with the service so far.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
    • IndusInd Bank Credit Card
      "Good"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have applied for a credit card with INDUSIND bank on two months before which was processed through an online. Within 2 days I received a call from their end once verification completed by 15 days I received a card. The credit limit is low as per my requirement. EMI option not aware. There was some requirement so I have chosen to apply for it.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Oct 17, 2019
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