Aadhar Card

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The Aadhaar is a unique one-time government-issued identity card that is assigned to all Indian residents. It is a 12-digit random number that records the individual’s biometric and demographic data. Applying for an Aadhaar is voluntary and free of cost.

The Aadhaar program was constituted in 2016 when the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) was set up. All Aadhar cards are issued through this body, which collects the cardholder’s demographic and biometric data to enable a more streamlined and transparent method of allocating certain government benefits and subsidies to citizens.

Aadhaar Card Eligibility

The eligibility criteria for an Aadhaar card is as follows:

  • All Indian citizens are eligible to apply for an Aadhaar card.
  • NRIs (Non Resident Indians) who have lived in the country for a continuous period of 182 days are permitted to apply.

Documents Required for Aadhaar Card

The list of documents that must be submitted to apply for an Aadhaar Card is mentioned below:

  • Identity Proof
  • Address Proof
  • Date of Birth Proof
  • Proof of Relationship

How to Enrol for Aadhaar?

The Aadhaar application process can be done from any authorised Aadhaar Enrolment Centre/ Permanent Enrolment Centre. You can find an updated list of existing Aadhaar Enrolment Centres on the UIDAI website.

In an effort to simplify the enrolment process, the UIDAI has also authorised over 10,000 post offices and bank branches to operate as Permanent Enrol Centres. Applicants can follow the 3 simple steps listed below to complete the enrolment process.

  • Step 1: Locate the nearest Aadhaar enrolment centre.
  • Step 2: Fill in the application form and submit required documents.
  • Step 3: Complete biometrics and collect acknowledgement.

How to Apply for Aadhaar without Any Documents?

As per the UIDAI’s Aadhaar enrolment form, the two different methods to apply for an Aadhaar card in case you don’t have the supporting documents are mentioned below:

  • Head of Family (HoF) based application: Under this enrolment process, the Head of Family (with a valid Aadhaar) can submit documents proving his/her relationship to the applicant. The applicant’s enrolment will then be processed after successful verification of these details.
  • Introducer-based application: In cases where the applicant has no valid proof of identity or address documents, an Introducer appointed by a Registrar can assist in the enrolment process. The Introducer can be contacted through the Aadhaar Enrolment Centre.

Check Status of Aadhaar Application Online

Applicants who wish to track the status of their Aadhaar application can do so through the official UIDAI website. You will need to mention your enrolment ID, which can be found on the acknowledgment slip issued after you submit your application.

Baal Aadhaar/Aadhaar for Minors

In case of minor applicants below the age of 5, the process is listed below:

  • The parents’ biometric details will be captured at the time of enrolment. When the child turns 15 years, he/she will have to visit a centre to update his/her biometric data.
  • Parent’s Aadhaar is to be provided when submitting the application form and documents at the Enrolment Centre.

How to Download/Print Aadhaar Card

In an effort to make the Aadhaar more accessible, the UIDAI has made arrangement for the electronic storage and retrieval of Aadhaar details. Known as the e-Aadhaar, this card is available in a PDF format and can be downloaded from the UIDAI website.

The e-Aadhaar can be accessed through the official UIDAI website by using any of the following:

  • With Aadhaar number.
  • With VID (Virtual ID).
  • With EID (Enrolment ID).

Find A detailed guide on how to download/print your e-Aadhaar card from the UIDAI Website.

Aadhaar Services

To make the Aadhaar process more transparent and streamlined, the UIDAI has made available various services relating to Aadhaar processes and features. A brief summary of each is provided below:

  1. Verify Aadhaar Number

    Applicants can verify if their Aadhar card is active or has been deactivated as follows:

    • Visit the UIDAI website and click on the ‘My Aadhaar’ tab.
    • Click on the ‘Verify Aadhaar Number’ tab and enter your Aadhaar number along with the security CAPTCHA.
    • The current status of your Aadhaar card will appear on screen.

    Find a comprehensive guide to Verify Aadhaar Number

  2. Verify mobile number or email registered with Aadhaar:

    Providing an email address and mobile number when applying for an Aadhaar card is advisable as it makes getting updates on services easier. As an applicant, you can also receive notifications on additional features or information pertaining to your Aadhaar remotely. Follow the steps listed here to verify the mobile number or email address registered with your Aadhaar.

  3. Retrieve your Aadhaar number:

    If you have misplaced or lost your Aadhaar card, UIDAI has simplified the retrieval process. You can retrieve your Aadhaar card, VID or EID electronically by following the steps listed here.

    It is important to note that retrieval of Aadhaar information requires you to have a registered mobile number.

  4. Check status of Aadhaar linking:

    To avail most government subsidies and schemes, applicants have to link their Aadhar card to their bank account for disbursement of the subsidy. You can check the current status of the linking process as listed below:

    • On the official UIDAI website, navigate to the ‘My Aadhaar’ tab and select the ‘Aadhaar Services’ tab.
    • Enter your Aadhaar/ VID number and the security code.
    • An OTP will be generated and sent to your registered mobile number, and the current linking status will be displayed on screen.
  5. Generate Virtual ID (VID):

    To ensure data protection and safeguard the information provided under Aadhaar, the UIDAI initiated the VID. This offers limited KYC (Know Your Customer) access to vendors/merchants seeking Aadhaar information for various services.

  6. Lock/Unlock your biometrics:

    In order to strengthen privacy, the UIDAI introduced Biometrics Locking/Unlocking, where individuals can lock their biometrics or temporarily unlock it. You will need the Virtual ID to complete this process. You can visit the official website of UIDAI and go to the ‘My Aadhaar’ section to Lock/Unlock the biometric data.

  7. Check authentication history:

    Each time you provide your Aadhaar card for any purpose, the details of the Authorised User Agencies (AUA) accessing this information is logged in the Aadhaar system. You can check your authentication history which lists the AUA and the information they have accessed. This process enables you to verify who has accessed your Aadhaar data. This feature is especially helpful when it comes to managing the security of your information.

    Find a guide on how to check your authentication history.

  8. Offline verification of Aadhaar:

    Aadhar paperless e-KYC is a sharable and secure document that can be used for offline verification of Aadhar identification. As an Aadhaar cardholder, you can share proof of identity and address information in a secure, tamper-proof format to vendors/service providers.

    Generating the Aadhaar Paperless Offline e-KYC can be done as follows:

    • Visit the UIDAI website and click on the ‘My Services’ tab.
    • Click on the ‘Aadhaar Paperless Offline e-KYC’ under the ‘Aadhaar Services’ tab.
    • Enter your Aadhar number and the security code, after which you will receive an OTP on your registered mobile number.
    • After the OTP has been successfully verified, a downloadable XML file will be available.

Quick Guide to Link Aadhaar with PAN

Linking Aadhaar with PAN

Aadhaar Information

Aadhaar Card

Being a government-issued document, it can be used as proof of identity as well as proof of address for the purpose of opening a bank account, applying for loans and government subsidies.

An Aadhaar card carries the following information:

  1. Demographic information
    • Name
    • Date of birth/age
    • Address
    • EID- the enrolment number
    • Barcode
  2. Biometric information
    • Photograph
    • Iris scan (both eyes)
    • Fingerprints (all ten)
  • Find Information About Aadhaar Enrolment Centres

    Applicants can find information on Aadhaar Enrolment Centres as well as Permanent Enrolment Centres on the UIDAI website, which lists current enrolment centres by state and city. A detailed guide on how to find existing Aadhaar Enrolment Centres can be found here.

  • How to update Aadhaar details online?

    If your Aadhaar details have errors or you wish to change information after you have submitted your application, you can update are correct this information online by visiting the UIDAI website. Both demographic data as well as biometric information can be updated.

    Find a step-by-step guide on the process to update Aadhaar details online.

  • How to Add Your Mobile Number To Aadhar Card

    Adding your mobile number to Aadhaar card is important as availing Aadhaar services and making changes/updating details in your Aadhaar card requires two-factor authorisation, with an OTP being sent to your registered mobile number.

    In order to add your mobile number, you will have to visit a Permanent Aadhaar Centre and submit an application to add the same to your card.

    Find a guide on how to update mobile number in Aadhaar.

  • eAadhaar

    The eAadhaar is an electronic copy of your Aadhar card and can be used in lieu of a physical copy of the card. It is accepted universally and can be downloaded from the UIDAI website. The eAadhaar is saved in a PDF format and is password protected. You can also choose to download a masked copy of your Aadhaar, which will hide your Aadhaar number.

  • mAadhaar

    With a view to making the Aadhaar card and its allied services more universally available, the UIDAI has released mAadhaar which is a mobile application for Android devices. The app contains the user’s Aadhaar information in a digitised form and enables accessibility on the go.

    Users can add up to 3 profiles on their app and perform a wide variety of services such as locking their biometrics and access their e-KYC for Aadhaar. Find a more comprehensive guide to the mAadhaar app, including linking your mobile number.

Aadhaar Card FAQs

  1. I have lost my Aadhaar letter. Can I get a reprint?

    Yes, the UIDAI has launched a new service called the ‘Order Aadhaar Reprint’ service. You can apply for the same on the UIDAI website/through the mAadhaar app and get a reprint of your Aadhaar letter for a nominal fee of Rs.50.

  2. I do not have access to internet/mAadhaar app. How do I access online services?

    You can sign up for the Aadhaar SMS service by sending an SMS to 1947 from your registered mobile number. You can access features and services available online/on the mAadhaar app such as locking/unlocking biometric, generating a Virtual ID etc.

  3. I do not have documentary proof for my current address. Can I still update it in my Aadhaar?

    Yes, you can still update your address through Address Verifier by applying for an Address Verification Letter on the UIDAI website. This is to be submitted along with your application form.

  4. I would like to update my name on my Aadhaar. Can I update it online through the Self Service Update Portal (SSUP)?

    No, only addresses can be updated through the SSUP. For updating name, date of birth, photograph, mobile number etc., you will have to visit a Permanent Enrolment Centre and update the details.

  5. How long is the Aadhaar card valid?

    The Aadhaar card is valid for life.

  6. Are e-Aadhaar and the Aadhaar card the same thing?

    Yes, Aadhaar card and e-Aadhaar are same. The only difference being the Aadhaar card is a document sent to the applicant through the post by UIDAI while the e-Aadhaar is a digital version that can be downloaded from the UIDAI website.

  7. What information is contained in the e-Aadhaar QR code?

    The Aadhaar QR code contains the cardholder’s demographic details such as name, date of birth, photograph, gender (if provided) and the Masked Aadhaar number.

  8. Is it mandatory to link my PAN with Aadhaar in order to file my tax returns?

    Yes, as per the new provisions of the Finance Act, it is mandatory for all taxpayers to link their PAN with Aadhaar.

  9. Do I need to carry originals when updating my details at an Enrolment Centre?

    Yes, you are required to carry originals of all documents whose details you are updating at an Enrolment Centre.

  10. My first Aadhaar application was rejected, can I re-apply?

    Usually an Aadhaar application is rejected due to technical/quality reasons. You are permitted to reapply for your Aadhaar.

This article is intended for informational purposes only. For more information please refer the link(s) provided above or visit https://uidai.gov.in/

News About Aadhar Card

  • Last date for linking PAN card with Aadhar card extended till March 31, 2021

    Due to the challenges that taxpayers are facing to meet the requirements of the regulatory compliance because of the coronavirus outbreak, the CBDT extended the deadline for linking the PAN and Aadhaar to 31 March 2021. In March of this year, the Finance Minister had announced that the deadline to link the PAN card and Aadhaar card would be 30 June 2020. The main aim of the move is to provide relaxations to salaried individuals in the country due to the global disruption that has been caused by the coronavirus outbreak and the subsequent job losses.

  • Tamil Nadu says that it is mandatory to carry Aadhaar card to beauty parlours and salons

    The government of Tamil Nadu has made it compulsory to carry the Aadhaar card to all visit beauty parlours, spas and salons in Tamil Nadu. The firms have been asked to even write down all details of their customers like their Aadhaar number and phone numbers.

    The government sources had said that collecting the Aadhaar card details and phone numbers of the people visiting salons, spas and parlours would be useful for authorities to trace them if needed in the future. These instructions of asking all salon and spa owners to maintain a register of their customers' details is a measure taken for containing the spread of the Coronavirus.

    The barber shops in all rural areas had opened one week ago, and beauty parlours in urban areas had reopened last Monday.

  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman launched instant allotment of e-PAN through Aadhaar

    The Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has recently announced a new facility through which citizens can avail instant allotment of their PAN cards online. The e-PAN card can be obtained by simply furnishing the details of the individuals Aadhaar.

    In the Budget 2020-21, the Finance Minister had proposed the launch of a new system under which the PAN of an applicant will be allotted online instantly on the basis of the Aadhaar details of the applicant. The applicant will not be required to fill up the entire application form. The information will be auto-populated to ease the process of the PAN allotment.

  • Deadline extended by the government for Aadhaar with Ration Card linking

    According to a clarification made by the Union Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution on 11 May 2020, the ration card of beneficiaries who come under PDS will not be deleted until 30th September 2020 even they do not have an Aadhaar Card.

    The clarification was made after a section of newspapers reported that the ration card of beneficiaries who do not provide the Aadhaar number would be cancelled. According to the Department of Food and Public Distribution, beneficiaries have until 30 September to link their Aadhhar and ration card. Until then, genuine beneficiaries will not be denied their quota of food and grains and their ration cards will not be cancelled. The instructions further added that food and grains under the NFSA will not be denied because of the failure of Aadhaar authentication. As per the Central Government, a pragmatic approach will be needed during the current crisis so that no poor person is denied food grains. However, the process of linking the Aadhhar card and the ration card will resume soon. Currently, nearly 90% of the ration cards have been linked with the Aadhaar cards.

  • 29 insurance companies, 9 securities-related entities can collect Aadhaar for KYC

    The finance ministry has approved 29 insurance companies and 9 securities companies to collect Aadhaar for knowing your customer (KYC) purposes, a move aimed at checking money laundering and routing investments into shell companies.

    Finance secretary Ajay Bhushan Pandey said that the two notifications issued by the ministry of finance is to allow these companies to use Aadhaar authentication services under Aadhaar Act with necessary standard security and privacy measures to perform e-KYC and would also reduce their cost of transaction and prevent any fraudulent practices.

    An official said use of Aadhaar authentication service by these bodies is voluntary and an investor need not go for Aadhaar authentication if they provide their Permanent Account Number (PAN).

    29 insurance companies and 9 stock/securities entities have been permitted by the finance ministry to undertake Aadhaar authentication services of Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) under section 11A of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA), 2002.

    The BSE, National Securities Depository Ltd (NSDL), Central Depository Services India Ltd, CDSL Ventures Ltd, NSDL Database Management Ltd, NSE Data and Analytics Ltd, CAMS Investors Services Ltd, Computer Age Management Services Pvt Ltd and Link Intime India Pvt Ltd are the 9 stock/securities related entities.

    Some of the top insurance companies who have been approved to collect e-KYC are Bajaj Allianz Life Insurance, Bharti AXA Life Insurance, ICICI Prudential Life Insurance, HDFC Life Insurance, HDFC Ergo General Insurance and, SBI General Insurance.

  • Aadhaar-related services put on hold in Telangana

    Following a review meeting with senior postal department officials, Telangana Circle’s chief postmaster general decided that 35 Head Post Offices, R C Puram Mukhya Dak Ghar (MGD), and all post offices as well as branch post offices will remain closed till March 31. The postal services will be provided from the General Post Office (GPO). In his statement, the chief postmaster general stated that all Aadhaar-related services have been put on hold at Post Office Passport Seva Kendras till 31 March. About the state government’s Asara pensions, he said that the payments will be made as per the instructions of the state government.

  • Passport appointments cut down; Aadhaar services shut due to COVID-19

    Due to the outbreak of the COVID-19, most Aadhaar seva kendras in the city and country have stopped their services as for any kind of service, biometrics are required to be entered by every person. This can increase in cases of the virus. Passport seva kendras have also cut down on their operations by reducing the number of appointments by 50%.

    According to Regional Passport Officer, Bengaluru, Bharath Kumar, the number of appointments by the office has been reduced to 50% and applicants have been refraining to visit the kendra on their own as well. Since there are several travel restrictions imposed by many countries, the scope of travel has been minimalised.

    Applicants are allowed to reschedule their appointments with the passport office up to 3 times. At various seva kendras, whoever enters the office are being asked to sanitise their hands before anything else. There will be thermal screening as well which is scheduled to be deployed soon.

    The staff of the seva kendras are being asked to santise their hands regularly and the common areas are cleaned frequently. At the Kormangala Seva Kendra, receiving of applications has been stopped completely until 31 March.

  • Rs.10,000 fine if Aadhaar-PAN card linking deadline is missed

    PAN cards have to be linked with Aadhaar by 31 March, as per a deadline set by the Government of India. Failure to do so may result in a fine of Rs.10,000 having to be paid to the income tax department for the fault of using an inoperative Permanent Account Number (PAN). Any PAN that is not linked to the Aadhaar will be considered inoperative, as stated earlier by the Income Tax Department. The penalty is imposed as per Section 272B of the Income Tax Act. However, the unlinked PAN card can be used without penalty for non-tax related purposes such as applying for a driving license, opening a bank account, etc. However, no penalties will be imposed once the linking has been done even after the deadline is over (but the card will be inoperative). There is no need to apply for a new PAN card once the linking has been done (after it become inoperative) as after the linking, it becomes operative again. If a PAN card that is non-functional is used for purposes that are connected to income tax, then the fine of Rs.10,000 will be applicable. Examples of such transactions are depositing or withdrawing more than Rs.50,000 in a bank account.

  • Aadhaar cards provided to 90% of the Indian population

    The Minister of State for Electronics and IT, Sanjay Dhotre, stated that the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has provided Aadhaar identification to over 90% of the population of India, as of 29 February 2020. He also stated that the financial data of Aadhaar holders is not collected by the UIDAI. He also stated that states have not shared any Aadhaar data that will help private companies identify beneficiaries for any welfare schemes. He stated that the UIDAI data is encrypted and secure at all times whether it is transit, in storage, or at rest. There is a multi-layered and well-designed security system that is constantly upgraded to maintain the highest levels of data security and data integrity. There are also Comprehensive Information Security Policy and Procedures that have been established which are regularly updated and reviewed. These ensure that there is appropriate control and monitoring of the movement of data, material, and people in and out of any data centres and other UIDAI premises. There are also regular security audits that are conducted. The Aadhaar and Other Laws (Amendment) Act 2019 has also helped to strengthen the security of the Aadhaar ecosystem. There are also stringent penalties and strict punishment, under the Act, for any offenders.

  • New alert from income tax department for linking Aadhaar to PAN

    The Income Tax Department made a public announcement today about linking Aadhaar to PAN card by the deadline of 31 March. The tweet by the department was as follows: ‘'Don’t miss the deadline! It is mandatory to link your PAN and Aadhaar before 31st March 2020. You can do it through Biometric Aadhaar authentication & also by visiting the PAN service centers of NSDL and UTITSL.’' A video was also shared along with the tweet which showed two ways to link the Aadhaar and PAN. If not done, the PAN would become inoperative. To link by phone, all you have to do is send an SMS to the numbers 567678 or 56161 in the following format: UIDPAN12digit Aadhaar>10digitPAN>. The linkage can also be done through the income tax department’s e-filing portal. According to the Section 139 AA (2) of the Income Tax Act, every individual who has a PAN as of 1 July 2017 and is eligible to avail an Aadhaar has to intimate the Aadhaar number to the tax authorities. Those who do not complete the linking of the Aadhaar to PAN by 31 March will find that they are liable to every consequence for not intimating, quoting, or furnishing the PAN card for various financial transactions as per the Income Tax Act. However, linking can still be done after the deadline. The PAN will be operative from the date of the Aadhaar number being intimated to the tax authorities.

  • UIDAI clarifies that Aadhaar card has nothing to do with citizenship

    The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has clarified that Aadhaar card has nothing to do with citizenship. The clarification comes after the authority issued notices to 127 people for allegedly obtaining Aadhaar numbers on false pretences.

    On the subject of Hyderabad notices, it said that Aadhaar was not a citizenship document. UIDAI also clarified that the notices were sent after it received reports from Hyderabad police as well as emphasized that the notices have nothing to do with citizenship and cancellation of Aadhaar number is in no way related to the nationality of any resident.

    It needs to be mentioned here that the 127 people have been asked to appear before the UIDAI deputy director in Hyderabad for a personal hearing on February 20. Those individuals who need to collect the requisite documents will be allowed additional time.

  • Aadhaar-based video authentication approved by the RBI

    A video-based authentication for the verification of Aadhaar was accepted by the Reserve Bank OF India (RBI). The new method will be an alternative to the accepted e-KYC (Know Your Customer).

    The new video-based method will be based on the Aadhaar and can be either offline or online. The proposal for the need of video-KYC was submitted in a report made by Expert Committee on Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises. The report was submitted in June 2019 and the committee is headed by the former chairman of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) UK Sinha. Currently, the customer will have to be present for the e-KYC to be completed. However, via video-KYC, the process can be completed by video chat and the customer will have to display the documents. The committee has also recommended that the video-KYC be done either by Apple FaceTime or Google Duo. However, according to experts, the applications that have been suggested are of foreign origin and are unlikely to be accepted by the RBI. According to the data protection Bill, the central bank does not allow companies to store data in foreign locations. The video application that will be used was not mentioned by the RBI. According to experts, an app will be developed to complete the video-KYC process.

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